Terms in this set (54)
Which of the following is an example of a population?
all of the redwood trees that live in a forest
To determine the density of a rabbit population, you would need to know the number of rabbits and
the size of area which they are in
In wild populations, individuals most often show a
clumped pattern of dispersion
A population is correctly defined as having which of the following characteristics?
inhabiting the same general area and belonging to the same species
Uniform spacing patterns in plants such as the creosote bush are most often associated with
competitive interaction between individuals of the same population
In the models that describe population growth, r stands for
per capita population growth rate
per capita growth rate equals what
difference between per capita birth and death rates
During exponential growth, a population always
grows at its maximum per capita rate
Which of the following statements are true of logistic growth?
As the population approaches carrying capacity, it grows more slowly, When the population reaches carrying capacity, it stops growing.
Which of the following statements are true of a population at carrying capacity?
The population growth rate equals zero, The birth rate equals the death rate, The rate at which resources are used is equal to the rate at which they are supplied.
As a population approaches carrying capacity, environmental resistance
Which of the following factors does not contribute to environmental resistance?
Which processes increase a population's size?
birth rate and immigration
Which factor does not affect a habitat's carrying capacity?
Maximum number of individuals in a population.
Which equation represents the logistic growth rate of a population?
Which of the following statements about density-independent growth is true?
Density-independent growth is also known as exponential growth.
Under which of the following conditions would a population most likely experience exponential growth?
young population with few individuals
Which of the following statements about a population experiencing logistic growth is true?
If N is greater than K, the population will shrink.
Which of the following is regarded as a density-independent factor in the growth of natural populations?
What is the primary limiting factor that determines why no female animal can produce a very large number of very large eggs?
Natural selection involves energetic trade-offs between
high survival rates of offspring and the cost of parental care
Which of the following is characteristic of K-selected populations?
offspring with good chance of survival
In which of the following situations would you expect to find the largest number of K-selected individuals?
old growth forest
exponential growth, abundant resources, growth rate increases as population increases, no limit to population size
logistic growth, limited resources, limited by carrying capacity
Which of these was the first of the major events that stimulated an increase in the size of the human population?
advent of agriculture
A broad-based pyramid-shaped age structure is characteristic of a population that is
Which of the following is the most accurate statement on Earth's carrying capacity for humans?
Our technology has allowed the human population to keep increasing K.
Which of the following statements regarding the future of populations in developing countries are correct?
Survivorship will increase, Overall population size will increase dramatically, The number of offspring each year is predicted to remain high.
A population's carrying capacity
may change as environmental conditions change
Population ecologists follow the fate of same-age cohorts to
determine the birth rate and death rate of each group in a population.
Based on current growth rates, Earth's human population in 2015 will be closest to
According to the logistic growth equation
population growth is zero when N equals K.
study of vital statistics in a population and how they change over time
zero population growth equals
capita per birth and death are equal r = 0
dN/dt = rmax*N, where N = population size
what populations are characteristic to exponential growth
population introduced to a new enviroment or drastically removed by a catastrophic event
symbolized by K
main variables of life history
when reproduction begins, how often an organism reproduces, how many offspring produced per reproduction
selection for traits are sensitive to population density and favored at high densities; strong competition
selection for traits that maximize reproductive success in uncrowded enviroments; little competition
population fluctuations from year to year
important growth factors in a population include
size, distribution, age structures, sex ratio
What is the U.S fertility rate?
what is the doubling size of the human population
rapid growth is associated by
bottom heavy skewed towards young individuals who will grow up and sustain explosive growth with their own reproduction
slow growth can be characterized by
relatively even until older
age younger than reproductive age are underrepresented in the population
Which of the following statements about K-selected species is correct?
They tend to produce small numbers of offspring and the offspring get lots of parental care
Based on current projections made by the United Nations, the human population is expected to peak at
A human population with a pyramid-shaped age structure is
Populations that display a uniform geographic distribution of individuals are being shaped by
intense competition for some factor in the environment
Which of the following is a density-independent factor that limits population growth?
Which of the following is a correct statement about the relationship between the population sizes of the snowshoe
hare and the arctic bobcat
the size of the hare population controls the size of the bobcat population
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Biology- Chapter 53 Review
Bio ch. 53
Bio Chapter 40 (Ecology)
Ecol 182 Ch 54
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 46 HW
Mastering Biology: Chapter 9
Chapter 50 Animal Reproduction Practice Test