AP US Ch.1 Study Cards
Terms in this set (39)
migrating from Asia across the then existing Alaska-Siberia land bridge
The first inhabitants of the Americas reached the New World by...
California and The Pacific Northwest
The densest Indian populations in what would later be the United States were found in
Woodlands because they lived in the vast forested land east of the Mississippi River
Which one of these Indian cultures is not correctly matched to the geographical are in which it flourished?
Ancestral Pueblo- Arizona and New Mexico
Woodlands- the Pacific Northwest and California
Hopewell- the Midwest (Ohio-Illinois)
geographical isolation, great climatic and geographical variations across America, long-term changes or cycles in weather, such as warming trends and extended droughts
What helped shape Native Americans' social and cultural development before 1500?
contact with Asian and African cultures, from which they adopted many practices
What did not help shape Native Americans' social and cultural development before 1500 because of lack of communication?
Which tribe was the ancestor of the Ancestral Pueblo?
7 million to 10 million
At the time of Columbus's first voyage to the New World, about how many Native Americans lived on the continent north of present day
strong kinship or extended family ties, the belief that all nature was infused with spiritual power, strong oral traditions but no written languages
All these were characteristics of Native American culture before contact with the Eastern Hemisphere
the belief that property ownership gave the owner perpetual and exclusive control over the land
What is not a characteristic of Native American culture before contact with the Eastern Hemisphere because of being too European for the Native American point of view?
part of the mound-building Mississippian culture and grew to a population of 20,000 inhabitants
Northeast, Great Basin and Mississippi Valley
Among North American Indians, women alone did the farming in these tribes
Among North American Indians, women alone did not do the farming in this tribe because of being a male enterprise
native North Americans 8000 to 1500 B.C.
The term Archaic people refers to
The demise of the Anasazi culture because of drought
What best illustrates the way environmental factors influenced Native American societies?
the spiritual force that native Americans believed permeated all nature
Manitou refers to
on the floodplains of the Mississippi River and its tributaries
The first full time agricultural societies in the East developed
We are part of the natural order of things, including the land, and must take care not to upset this natural order and yes it was opposite because Europeans wanted to conquer and exploit the land
What best expresses Native American attitudes toward the land and was it opposite the European view?
Anasazi, Hohokam, Hopi
All the following groups flourished in the Southwest
What tribe did not flourish in the Southwest because it evolved from the Adena culture near the Ohio River Valley (Midwest)?
Native American social and religious values, the pattern of give-and-take within Indian societies in an attempt to maintain equilibrium
Reciprocity refers to..
was forged after a long period of bloody warfare
The Iroquois League
kinship ties because they cemented all Indian societies
The most important force for social cohesion in Native American societies was
The Great Basin because they only depended on hunting and gathering rather than farming
What area offered the least favorable conditions for the development of sophisticated Native American cultures?
consensus building or picking from opinion
The primary leadership method used by Native Americans was
dwelled in bands for hunting, had no settled dwellings and used fluted(with holes) points for spears
What was a feature of Paleo-Indian society?
Because of bountiful and accommodating environment
Why did Paleo-Indians spread out and proliferate with amazing speed?
Drying fish and storing them in quantities sufficient to last the year round
What would be most likely to lead to a settled life-style in permanent villages?
Throughout North America, patterns of agriculture and the development of society were generally similar
What statement about agriculture and the development of society is not correct?
Natives farmed for most of their food and therefore created centralized or confederate political systems in which culture?
natives shunned agriculture yet nevertheless consolidated their societies in which culture?
the Eastern Woodlands
natives first developed village life and political centralization without farming but later developed a productive agriculture in which culture?
Kin-based communities before Columbus and common burial rituals
What generalization about pre-Columbian cultures is true?
Divorce was a simple process because kinship was more important than marriage
What describes patterns of divorce in native American societies at the time of the first European contact?
was conducted more as a pastime than as a way of conquering and subduing enemies
In most Native American societies, warfare
A life that was strictly regulated and that had little room for nonconformity, valued order and believed nonconformists practiced witchcraft the deadliest crime in their culture
Features of most Native American societies included
Native Americans lacked the concept that property ownership conferred on exclusive control of land
One of the significant differences between European society and most pre-Columbian Native American cultures was that
insufficient food supply, depletion of forests, military challenges and the collapse of trade
How did the Cahokia community collapse?
Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca, Oneida, Tuscarora
Who were the members of the Iroquois Confederacy? COSTO
Mohegans(Mohicans) and the Hurons
Who were they in war against?