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52 terms

Anatomy term quiz 4

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exocrine
denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through ducts
efferent
carrying away from a central organ or section
ossiferous
1) boney, containing bone, 2) producing bone
calciferous
containg calcium, chalk, or lime
cephalad
toward the head or head end of the body
adduct
to draw toward the main axis of the body
afferent
carring toward a central organ or section
blepharoclonus
condition charactorized by muscle spasms of the eyelid, which is shown by increased blinking or general twitching of the eyelids, seen in Tourette's syndrom, multiple scleroisis, and Parkinsons
myocardium
middle layer of the wall of the heard that is composed of cardiac muscle tissue
epineurium
connective tissue sheath of a nerve
ednoneurium
delicate connective tissue sheath that surrounds nerve fibers in fascicles
endocardium
endothelial membrane that lines the chambers of the heart and that is continuous with the lining of the blood vessels
encephalon
the brain, containing the cerebrum, cerebellum, midbrain, pons, diencephalon, and medulla oblongata
electroencephalogram
record of the electrical activity of the brain
encephalomyelitis
encephalitis that is accompanied by inflammation of the spinal cord
tone
1) state of a body or any of its organs in which the functions are healthy and normal, 2) the resistance of muscles to passive elongation or strength
tonus
steady partial contraction of a muscle
electrocardiogram
record of the electrical activity of the heart
electroencephalograph
an instrument for recording the electrical activity of the brain
electrocardiograph
an instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart
electromyogram
graphic record of resting and voluntary muscle activity as a result of electrical stimulation
myelogram
1) radiograph of the spinal cord and associated nerves, 2) different count of bone marrow cells
syncytium
multinucleated mass of protoplasm, such as striated muscle fibers
symphasys
1) line of fusion between 2 bones that are in development, 2) form of synchondrosis in which the bones are separated by a disc of fibrocartilage
electroencephalography
process of recording, amplification, and analysis of the electrical activity of the brain
electrocardiography
process of creating and studying an electrocardiograph
tetanus
1) sustained musclular contraction caused by a series of nerve repeated nerve stimuli, resulting in a sustained/ continuous contraction of muscle, 2) an acute, life threatening illness caused by a bacterial toxin, and marked by extreme muscular rigidity, violent muscle spasms, and often respiratory and autonomic failure
tetanic
1) pertaining to or producting tetanus, 2) any agent/ substance which produces tenanic spasms
septicemia
the presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the blood
septic
1) pertaining to sepsis, 2) pertaining to pathogenic organisms or their toxins
septal
pertaining to a septum
spasm
involuntary sudden movement or muscle contration that occurs as a result of some irritant or trauma
spasmolytic
agent that relieves muscle spasms
graphospasm
writer's cramp
neurilemma
the thin membranous outer covering surrounding the sheath of myelinated nerve fibers or of the axis cylinder of non-myelinated nerve fibers
sarcolemma
the cell membrane of a muscle cell/fiber
pyrogen
any agent that causes fever
pyrosis
susternal pain or burning sensation, usually associated with regurgitation of gastric juices into the esophagus
pyogen
any agent that causes the formation of pus
purulent
forming or containing pus
puriform
resembling pus
prophylactic
1) any agent or regimen that contributes to the prevention of infection and disease
prophylaxis
the observance of rules necessary to prevent disease
anaphylaxis
severe, whole body allergic reation to an allergen, such as bee sting venom; initial exposure to the substance sensitizes the person to it, then later exposure results in a potentally life-threatening allergic response
antipyretic
agent of substance that reduces or relieves fever, or the act of doing so
aseptic
pertaining to asepsis. technique used during surgery to prevent contamination of the wound and operative site, in which all instruments are sterilized, and all physicians and nurses wear sterile protective clothing and gloves
antiseptic
agent which is capable of producting antisepsis
sepsis
systematic inflammatory response to infection, in which there is either fever or hypothermia, tachycardia,tachypnea, and evidence of inadeguate blood flow to interal organs
febrile
feverish or pertaining to a fever
pyemia
form of septicemia due to the presence of pusforming organisms in the blood, manifested by the formation of multiple abscesses of a metastatic nature
pyoderma
any actue, inflammatory, purulent, bacterial dermatitis
pyostatic
1)preventing the formation of pus, 2) any agent which prevents the formation of pus