18 terms

AP Psychology Review: Treatment of Psychological Disorders

the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means
a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders
behavior therapy
psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
psychodynamic psychotherapies
a general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems
cognitive therapy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
drug therapy
The use of medication to treat a mental illness.
brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
aversive conditioning
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol); conditioning to avoid an aversive stimulus
systematic desensitization
a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety
client-centered therapy
A humanistic therapy based on Carl Roger's beliefs that an individual has an unlimited capacity for psychological growth and will continue to grow unless barriers are placed in the way.
family therapy
any of several therapeutic approaches in which a family is treated as a whole
behavioral therapy used to rid someone of fears through classical conditioning - forced extinction. A person afraid of snakes may be exposed to a fear provoking but harmless situation until they get over their fear.
implosive therapy
a type of prolonged intense exposure therapy in which the client imagines exaggerated scenes that include hypothesized stimuli
antipsychotic drugs
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder
antidepressant drugs
Medications that gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of a depression.
antianxiety drugs
drugs which relieve tension, apprehension, and nervousness, e.g., Valium and Xanax and other drugs in the benzodiazepine family, also known as tranquilizers
lithium carbonate
a chemical used to counteract mood swings of bipolar disorder