32 terms

other roadway users


Terms in this set (...)

When vehicles turn, their rear wheels follow a shorter path than the front wheels. The longer the vehicle is, the greater the effect.
no zones
A truck's blind spots, where no car should drive any longer than necessary
what happens if you drive too close behind a truck?
Your car may be damaged and you may be injured by objects or debris falling from the truck or kicked up by the truck's tires.
The front of your car may slide under the back of the truck, causing the trailer of the truck to crash through your front window.
on what side should you pass a truck?
left side
trailer rules
Vehicles may only tow a trailer, semi-trailer, or house trailer when it is attached by an approved safety chain.
The drawbar, chain, rope, or cable used to attach a trailer to a vehicle must not be longer than 15 ft.
When one of these connections is used, a white flag that is 12 inches square or larger must be mounted on the trailer.
light rail rules
Be aware of the routes on which light rail vehicles operate. Maintain a safe distance from an LRV if it shares a street with vehicular traffic.
Never attempt to "beat" an LRV to an intersection or make a turn in front of an oncoming LRV.
Look both directions for approaching LRVs before you cross LRV tracks.
Do not drive, stop, park, or walk on LRV tracks except in designated areas when it is safe.
speed limits in a construction zone
45 mph on a highway and 20 mph in an urban area
orange triangle emblem with a red stripe on each side
signs displayed on slow-moving vehicles that cannot go over 25 mph
vulnerable road users
motorcycles, bicycles, and motor scooters, as well as pedestrians
bi/motorcycle rules
Be careful around large vehicles, as one may be blocking your view of a cyclist and his or her view of you.
Air turbulence affects cyclists when they pass cars just as it affects cars when they pass large trucks. Leave extra space around your car as you pass.
Cyclists have shorter braking distances, so leave extra following distance when driving behind one.
Always check for cyclists before you open the door of your car into the roadway.
motorcycle rules
When changing lanes or entering a major thoroughfare, make a visual check for motorcycles.
Allow a four-second following distance for motorcycles. This will allow you time to avoid hitting the cyclist if he or she should fall.
When preparing to turn, check for motorcyclists and determine their speed. According to some estimates, 40% of motorcycle collisions happen at intersections, and two-thirds of these involve a vehicle turning left.
motorcyclists lean in the direction that they intend to move while turning their handlebars slightly in the opposite direction
lane splitting
when motorcyclists attempt to drive next a motor vehicle within a single lane
bicycle rules
Select a route appropriate for their skill and experience level
Never ride more than two abreast in a lane
Never weave around parked cars
Avoid manhole covers, painted stripes, potholes, and other surfaces likely to be slick or dangerous when riding in wet weather
Ride in a designated bike path when possible
Motor scooters
are like motorcycles but their engines are less powerful and they do not generally allow gear shifting
are more similar to bicycles than motor scooters are. While a moped is powered by a weak engine, it is also equipped with pedals and can be stopped with a hand brake. Like bicyclists, moped riders should generally ride along the right edge of the roadway.
crossing the street outside of a designated crosswalk
pedestrian rules
Wear light or reflective clothing to make yourself more visible when walking at night
Avoid distractions such a cell phones, music, eating and drinking, and conversation with others
Avoid entering the roadway when intoxicated
emergency vehicle rules
When being approached by an emergency vehicle with its lights flashing, sirens blaring, or both, you should immediately move to the right side of the road and stop until the vehicle has passed, even if it is approaching on the opposite side of the road.
When passing a stopped emergency vehicle with flashing lights, you must slow down and move or stay out of the lane closest to the emergency vehicle, if another lane is available.
what should you do when an officer wants you to pull over?
Continue driving until you see a safe place to pull off the road
Stop to the right of the road, signaling when appropriate
Turn off your ignition, set your parking brake, activate your hazard lights, and open your passenger window
Turn on the interior lights of your car if stopped at night
what should you do when a cop pulls you over?
Stay in your car with your seat belt fastened and your hands on the top of your steering wheel
Tell the officer where your license, registration, and proof of insurance are before you reach for them
Remain in your car unless requested by the officer
Always act in a courteous and polite manner
Instruct your passengers to be cooperative and to keep their hands in a visible place
what should you do when involved in a collision?
the first thing you must always do is stop immediately. Failure to stop is a serious offense. You may be charged with a hit-and-run.
Immediately following a collision, move your vehicle to the side of the road unless it's too damaged to move. Turn off the ignition. Exit your car cautiously to aid anyone injured and identify yourself to all parties involved.
If anyone is injured or killed, you must call the police immediately.
what must you share with the police when involved in a collision
Your name
Your address
Your drivers license number
Your license plate number
The name and address of your insurance company
what should you do when you injure an animal?
pull over to the side of the road and try to find the owner. If you cannot find the owner, call the Humane Society or the police. Do not try to move an injured animal, but never leave an injured animal to die—it is inhumane and cruel.
what should you do when you hit a parked car?
If you hit a parked vehicle or another form of property, try to find the owner. If you can't find the owner, leave a note with your name, address, phone number, and the circumstances of the collision under the windshield.
Keys to Safe Driving
Good vision
Physical fitness
Respect for traffic laws
Consistent signaling habits
Proper vehicle maintenance
Transmission Park System
to turn off the engine, shift the transmission to park, turn the key to lock, and remove it
Two-hand Button System
to turn off the engine, depress the button below the steering column while turning the key to lock and removing it
Lever System
to turn off the engine, depress the lever near the ignition switch, turn the key to lock, and remove it
One-hand Button System
to turn off the engine, depress the button near the ignition switch, turn the key to lock, and remove it
Push-In System
to turn off the engine, turn the key to off, push it in, turn it to lock, and remove it
Turn-and-Remove System
to turn off the engine, turn the key to lock and remove it