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35 terms

Muscoskeletal DZ

STUDY
PLAY
useful information to determine during a lameness exam includes
better or worse after exercise
better or worse after resting
injury occur in the day or night
regarding bobbing of the head during gait assessment
will RAISE head on SORE leg
when the owner noticed the problem is always the same time it began
false
information the CVT will gather to help vet determine lamesness
breed
age
when performing a physical exam for lameness
examine all legs, not just sore leg
calcium deficient diests and diests with poor Ca to Phos ratio can contribute to
pathological fractures
rubber jaw
hip dysplasia
most common cause of bone fracture is
HBC
a comminuted fracture is
bone is broken in multiple places
in a compound fracture
the skin is penetrated
a fracture of the femoral head or neck
will not heal on its own and requires some form of surgical intervention
fractures to the skull,jaw or head
may be surgically repaired depending on their location and severity
repair options for fractures include
splints and casts
pinning and screwing
plating/circlage wire
regarding any orthopedic surgery
ASEPSIS
standartd of care
most common orthopedic injury in dogs is
cruciate tear/sprain (ACL)
surgical tx of UAP
removal of fragment
non-weight bearing or toe touching in a hind leg is suspicious for
ACL
regarding carpus valgus
it may be seen as a sequelae to HOD
tx of ACL includes
rest and NSAIDS
extracapsular stabilization
tibial plateau leveling osteoectomy
intraarticular stabilization
Legg-Perthe's
seen in you, small breed dogs
is an avascular necrosis of the femoral head
tx of legg perthes dz
femoral head ostectomy
majority of dogs with ACL
will rupture the other at some point
femoral head ostectomy work because
relieves pain
sometimes only viable option
the strong hip muscles hold the leg in place
OCD
failure of cartilage to calcify
OCD occurs in
scapulohumeral joint
stifle
hock
elbow
tx of OCD
rest and NSAIDS
arthrotomy and curettage of lesion
join mouse
piece of loose cartilage within a joint capsule
HOD occurs
at the epiphysis of long bones
HOD is
inflammation and proliferative dz of the bone
HOD
can be permanently crippling
dx by rads
may be severe enough to require euthanasia
may have a viral or infectious origin
CHD
large breed dogs
generally over 50#
CHD is malformation of
femoral head
femoral neck
acetabulum
CHD is cause by
genetics
nutrition
enviormental factors
CHD in a young dog
progressive dz and dz will worsen with age
degree of lameness is a good indicator of the degree of CHD present
false
tx of CHD
NSAIDS
femoral head ostectomy
total hip replacement