Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AP Psych Unit 5 Testing, Intelligence, and Individual Differences
Terms in this set (26)
A ... must have uniform criteria for scoring norms, uniform instructions, and reliability.
1) to allow comparisons among scores of various test takers
2) to reduce the possible effects of extraneous variables on scores
3) to increase the objectivity of the scoring procedures used
4) to increase the reliability and validity of the test scores
Standardized tests require clearly specified procedures for their administration and scoring. List the reasons why.
Standardized tests are supposed to be administered and scored in a ... manner.
On an intelligence test, the number of questions an individual answers correctly is meaningless without ... because extraneous variables could have impacted scores.
Example: A test is administered to 1,000 fourth graders across the country, and then it is re-administered to the same children 90 days later. The test-retest results will yield an evaluation of the test's ...
Example: A female student was rejected by a college because her score on a test used by the college to predict performance there was below the college's cutoff score. An influential alumnus of the college intervened on the student's behalf and the student was admitted. Four years later the student graduated with honors. The most likely explanation of this outcome is that the test had less than perfect ...
... validity is the psychometric property used to assess the extent to which the items on a test measure what they are supposed to measure.
In psychometrics, ... validity is the extent to which a measure is related to an outcome. Criterion validity is often predictive validity.
Example: A teacher creates a test that will predict how well a student will do as a commercial air pilot. The test is taken before the training, and then the teacher correlates the test score to the number of safe flying hours. The teacher is trying to determine whether the test has ... validity.
In psychometrics, ... validity is the extent to which a score on a scale or test predicts scores on some criterion measure. Example: General intelligence test scores obtained during adolescence should predict grades in school.
The Psychology Aptitude Test (PAT) was administered to incoming college psychology majors. Their scores were later compared to their performance in the introductory psychology course, and high scores on the PAT were related to high grades in the course. Therefore, the PAT has ... validity.
... validity is established by demonstrating that there is a correlation between scores on a test and later academic performance?
A researcher interested in finding a simple way to estimate intelligence decides to evaluate skull circumference as a possible indicator of intelligence. He finds that the size of an adult's skull remains the same from one measurement to the next, but he finds that skull circumference is not a very good predictor of intelligence. In this example, skull circumference as a measure of intelligence is reliable but not ...
... refers to the potential of an individual to perform an as-yet-unlearned task.
A test that measures a student's potential ability is an ...
...'s efforts to measure intelligence were directed at predicting children's success in school.
The ratio of mental age to chronological age for a child of average intelligence is...
On individual intelligence tests such as the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler scales, an IQ of ... indicates that the test taker scored at the average level for test takers of the same age.
Charles Spearman's concept of ... is most accurately defined as a single, underlying intellectual capacity measured by intelligence tests.
The component of intelligence described by Raymond Cattell as involving the ability to understand logical relationships, reason abstractly, and learn quickly is related to ...
Example of ... : Using cubes to figure out the solution to a previously unseen puzzle.
Micheal, who has an IQ of 60, is able to do complex calculations in his head, regardless of the size of the numbers. When he is with his family and friends, he does not engage socially; he focuses on his numerical calculations. Micheal has ...
Barbara is a talented architect. On which type of intelligence will she most heavily rely to complete her next building design?
Which of the multiple intelligences posited by Howard Gardner is most closely related to the concept of emotional intelligence?
The Flynn Effect
... refers to intelligence scores increase from generation to generation.
Research findings on ... reared apart indicate that they have similar levels of intelligence and supports strong biological basis for behavior?
Recommended textbook explanations
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
Katherine Minter, Mary Spilis, William Elmhorst
Richard A. Kasschau
Sets found in the same folder
Social Psychology (Chapter 4)
AP PSYCH Unit 1
MICRO ECONOMICS FINAL
Sets with similar terms
chapter 5: what is a good test?
Use of Standardized Test chapter 6
GRE PSY - CH 10.2: Test and Measurement
Other sets by this creator
AP Psych Review Unit 9 - Abnormal Behavior and The…
AP Psychology Personality Review
Other Quizlet sets
Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin: OnLacking The Killer Insti…
ACC 321 Test 1 Review
American History (Final Exam)
Module 12 Positioning