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human geo ch5
Terms in this set (43)
a migrant hoping to be declared a refugee in a foreign country
centers of absorption
Places that attract migrants, according to Ravenstein.
Youth that are either forced or impelled to serve as fighters or members of a militia.
In US history, the period from about 1600 until the American Revolution.
A pattern of migration in which migrants move back and forth between two or a small number of places, such as their home and a distant worksite.
changes in a society's population caused by a large influx or outflow of migrants
the idea that, all else being equal, as the distance between two places increases, the volume of interaction between these places decreases
The positive or negative financial effects of immigration.
factor mobility model
an economic model that argues that differences in wage rates cause people to migrate from low-wage areas to high-wage areas
first wave of European immigration
The period from 1800 until 1880, when large numbers of Europeans, particularly from northern and western Europe, moved to North America.
the situation in which migrants have no choice but to move or else face death or other severe penalty
the decision to relocate permanently to another location without coercion, support, or compulsion by any group
a model that defines the interaction between two cities in terms of each city's population and the distance between the two locations
the total number of people who leave and enter a country in a given time period
Laborers allowed to enter a country for a specific job and for a specified period of time.
human capital model
a theory of migration that argues that people move not just for macroeconomic reasons but also for individual reasons
The transportation of people against their will through the use of force, coercion, fraud, or other means.
Migration in which a person fears that failure to move will likely result in negative consequences or because of persecution.
the total number of immigrants who arrive in a country in a given time period
internally displaced person
people forced to leave their homes but who settle in another part of their own country
the movement of people within a country
the movement of people between countries
factors that a migrant must consider when weighing the pluses and minuses of a potential move, such as the cost or ease of crossing a border
places along a migrant's route that might cause that person to stop and settle before reaching his or her final destination
the series of changes in the life of an organism, including reproduction.
Population movements of a large number of people.
the permanent relocation of one's place of residence, usually implying a long distance move
the difference between the number of people who leave and the number of people who arrive in a country
the total number of immigrants who leave a country in a given time period
Population movement, often over long distances, that occurs from time to time but is not permanent, such as going away to school or joining the armed forces.
human movements that occur when a population runs out of food
A model of migration that argues that people are pushed from their homes by certain negative factors and pulled to other locations by positive qualities.
Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
Set of theories about migration developed in the late 19th century by Ernst Georg Ravenstein.
A person living outside of his or her own country who cannot return home because of fear of injury or persecution.
The long-term housing of refugees in a specific location without allowing them to assimilate into the receiving country.
payments made by overseas migrants to their families back home
the process of moving refugees back into their home country or region
The fact that, in the modern world, there is very little "free" migration because of laws and border regulations. Thus, even when people make a free decision to move, they may not be able to migrate.
the movement of people from the countryside to the city
second wave of European immigration
The period in US history between 1880 and 1921, which saw millions of immigrants from Europe arrive in America.
the positive or negative effects of migration when two or more societies come together
When migrants move from a small town to a larger town, then stop and work for a while before moving on to an even larger town, and so on.
The idea that places or things that are farther apart will have less interaction between them.
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