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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (23)
Meaning "to extinguish" or "to blow out"
it refers to the extinction of suffering, impermanence, delusion, and all that keeps the life cycle (samsara) going.
Spiritual goal of all Buddhists
Crippled Man (old age), diseased man (illness), decaying corpse (Death), then an ascetic
Person who renounces material comforts to live a self-disciplined life, especially in the area of religious devotion
The large, sacred fig tree at the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya where Siddhartha Gautama received enlightenment
The Buddhist teaching that liberation from samsara comes neither through severe ascetical practices nor through wild indulgences, but in the middle of the spectrum between those two opposites
At first just the Buddhist monastic community, later it came to describe the entire community of monks, nuns, and lay persons
Items of religious devotion, especially a piece of the body or personal items of an important religious figure
From Sanskrit, meaning "uphold," in Hinduism it is that which is in accordance with the laws of the cosmos and of nature such as righteous acts.
In Buddhism it is the teachings of the Buddha
Literally the "Great Ox Cart." The branch of Buddhism differs from Theravada Buddhism because it accommodates a greater number of people from all walks of life
240-550 C.E., when the Gupta Empire ruled India with political peace and prosperity
The empire that controlled the Indian subcontinent from the eighth to the twelfth centuries.
Word pala means "protector"
Literally "the Diamond Vehicle," it is the prominent branch of Buddhism in Tibet
A being that compassionately refrains from entering nirvana in order to save others and is worshipped as a deity in Mahayana Buddhism
In Tibetan Buddhism, teachers and often heads of monasteries
The head lama of Tibetan Buddhism who was the spiritual and political leader of Tibet until its takeover by Chinese communist leaders and a forced exile to India
From the Sanskrit meaning "Three Baskets," and also known as the Pali Canon in Theravada Buddhism, the compilation of three collections of early Buddhist texts
The authoritative Buddhism scripture of Theravada Buddhists written in Pali language, and important, but not definitive, for Mahayana Buddhists.
Another name for the Tripitaka.
Mahayana Buddhist text where Enlightenment is made available not only to monastics, but to all because of the great compassion of bodhisattvas
A word to describe Hindu literature written in Sanskrit and concerned with rituals acts of body, speech, and mind
The buddhist doctrine of "no soul" or "not self" that means a permanent, unchanging, independent self does not exist, though people act as if it does. Ignorance of anatma causes suffering
From the Sanskrit for "worthy one" it is a concept of Theravada Buddhism which refers to one who has attained Nirvana in their present lifetime, thus, liberated from the cycle of rebirth
A basic moral standard by which all Buddhists are to live.
1) Do not take the life of any living creature
2) Do not take anything not freely given
3) Abstain from sexual misconduct and sexual overindulgence. (For monastics, abstain from any sexual activity)
4) Refrain from untrue or deceitful speech
5) Avoid intoxicants
Towers in eastern Asia, usually with roofs curving upward at the division of each of several stories and erected as temples or memorials
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