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chapter 11 key terms
Terms in this set (54)
movement that responded to pressures of industrializationa nd urbanization by promoting reforms. some of the reforms still affect society today.
a writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in government or business. they are fascinated with the negative parts of things.
wrote articles for new york post exposing government corruption. he exposed the gov of Philadelphia to let utility companies charge their costumers excessively high fees. he also shared how politicians won elections by bribing voters.
wrote books and articles led to reforms. he also took photos of unsafe areas of the urban poor.
wrote for news papers and published novels. ran for governor in 1934 but did not succeed. he reveled the unsanitary conditions and eventually caused a change in food safety.
reform that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles. It was a blend of german socialism and American progressivism.
community that gave social services to urban poor. taught English and gave mothers classes in child care. they also provided education.
opened a settlement house in chicago called the hull house. determined to advocate for women's suffrage.
citizens vote to select nominees for elections
citizens put a proposed ne wlaw on the ballot by collecting signatures on a petition.
allows citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature.
voters can remove elected officials from office before their term ends.
allowed for the direct election of us senators by citizens.
11.2 women gain rights
called attention to working conditions of women and children. major role in hull house.
national consumers league NCL
founded by Florence Kelley where labels were put on products that were made under safe and minimum wage working conditions to help urge women to buy these products and avoid products without this label.
the practice of not drinking alcohol due to the problems caused by it
elected president of WCTU. she heloed outlaw the production and sale of alcohol in the eighteenth amendment.
the right to vote.
thought women's health would improve if they had fewer children, she opened the first birth control clinic.
ida B wells
formed the national association of colored women NACW. The goal was to help familes. set up a day care centers.
susan B anthony
formed national women's suffrage association with Elizabeth cady stanton. wanted women to have a voice in political issues, right t vote.
carrie chapman catt
president of NAWSA. helped women get right to vote in some states. "winning plan".
National american woman suffrage association NAWSA.
merge of nwsa and rival suffrage group.
was part of NAWSA but left to start "national womens party", more militant. introduced first equal rights amendment into congress.
gave women the right to vote
11.3 Striving for equality
taught immigrants english, replaced customs and foods of homeland to make them fit into american society.
booker T washington
focused on economics and education. founded the tuskegee normal and industrial institute which trained african americans in agriculture.
WEB Du Bois
founded niagara movement and NAACP. Thought activisim and protest cpuld help african americans make gains in society.
pused for immidiate racial reforms in education and voting. used idea of teaching only trade skills.
National association for the advancement of colored people NAACP
organization created to abolish segregation and discrimination to achieve political and civil rights for afican americans.
helped african americans find work in cities and settle.
anti defamation league
organization that defended jews and others against physical and verbal attacks. expanded politcal rights and economic opportunities.
organization groups that provide legal assistane to othe rmembers of their community. they had insurance programs to help poeple who were too sick to work
american indian act of 1924
granted citizenship to all native americans born in the us and full voting rights. aminly becaus eof the service in ww1.
11.4 reformers in the white house
pres of us. had lots of energy. known for anti monopoly and conservation policies.
kept wealthy and powerful form taking advantage of small businesses and the poor.
set maximum shipping rates for railroads and ferrries.
meat inspection act
inspection of meat sold accross state lines. created by roosevelt.
the pure food and drug act
allowed inspection of food and medicine and banned interstae shipmnet of impure food and mislabeling.
led cogress to greate yosemite national park. started the forest conservation party. wanted wild areas to be perserved and un touched.
helped form the progressive party that nominated TR. he wanted forests to be preserved for public use, so after the trees are full grown, then It can be used to make goods.
national reclamtion act
gave fed gov to decide where and how water should be distributed.
restore the govs trustbusting power.
progressives creatd this politcal party after leaving the republican party.
elkected gov of new jeersy. guided nation through WW1 and negotiated treaty of versailles.
program to place gov controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses.
gave congress the authroity to collect an income tax.
control of a supply of money in circulation at any given time
federal reserve act
placed commercial banks unde rthe federal reserve board which set up regional banks to hold reserve funds. helps protect economy form having too much money in the hands of one person.
federal trade commission
agency to identify false advertising and dishonest labeling, practices that could lead to monopoly.
clayton antitrust act
protects businesses and consumers from abusive business activites.
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