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week 22

schechter Vs. US

"the sick chicken case"; Declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional on three grounds: That the act delegated legislative power to the exectutive; that there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and that it sought to regulate the businesses that wre wholly intrastate in character

wagner act

1935; established National Labor Relations Board; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.

social security act

August 14, 1935- The Social Security Act was drafted by President Roosevelt's committee on economic security, under Edwin Witte. The Act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, and a lump-sum benefit at death. Payments to retirees were financed by a payroll tax on current workers' wages, half directly as a payroll tax and half paid by the employer.

Huey Long

Louisianna Senator who opposed FDR's New Deal and came up with a , "Share the Wealth" wants to give $5k to all families ,was later assasinated

francis townsend

Townshend was a retired physician who developed a plan in which the government would give monetary resources to senior citizens ages sixty and over He and other demagogues pushed FDR to move the New Deal to help people directly and laid the foundations of the creation of Social Security.

court packing

Roosevelt tried to put more justices in the Supreme Court so he could get more of his New Deals passed

fair labor standards

Act that set the normal work week at 40 hours, establish a national minimum wage, and outlawed child labor

john maynard keyes

§ He said that to get a country out of depression, the government should spend lots of money and encourage investment and consumption.

dust bowl

the area of the great plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930s


unflattering name given to Oklahomans and others from the rural Midwest, especially those who left the Dust Bowl looking for better lives during the 1930s


a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations

neutrality acts

The Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937 stipulated that when the president proclaimed the existence of a foreign war certain restrictions would automatically go into effect. No American could legally sail on a belligerent ship, or sell or transport munitions to a belligerent nation, or make loans to a belligerent. This displayed that America was not willing to go to war and desired to remain neutral and isolationist.

american first committee

largely Midwestern isolationist organization support by many prominent citizens who were opposed to the US joining WWII. (1940-1941). They argued that a Nazi victory would pose no threat to national security and therefore the US should stay out of war


Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.


German city where conference was held giving Hitler permission to take the Sudetenland if he promised not to expand Germany territory further

quarantine speech

1937 - In this speech Franklin D. Roosevelt compared Fascist agression to a contagious disease, saying democracies must unite to quarantine agressor nations.

cash and carry

policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.

destroyers for bases

To circumvent the provisions of the Neutrality Acts to help Great Britain, the U.S. gave England fifty destroyers in return for the right to build American bases on British territory in the Caribbean

lend lease act

replaced cash and carry; allowed Britain to borrow US war materials

pearl harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

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