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Unit 7-Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution
Terms in this set (20)
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect (Mona Lisa, Last Supper)
Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer, and architect (Sistine Chapel ceiling, statue of David)
a movement that developed in northern Europe during the renaissance combining classical learning with the goal of reforming the catholic church
German inventor of the Printing Press,which changed learning forever because it made books cheaper and more widely available.
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.
religious reformer who believed in predestination and a strict sense of morality for society
Calvinist belief that God long ago determined who would gain salvation
Justification by Faith
Martin Luther's concept that faith alone is enough to bring salvation
a Church court set up to try people accused of heresy
Earth is the center of the Universe
Sun is the center of the universe
He believed that the Sun is at the center of the Universe, and all the planets revolve around the Sun in a circular pattern.
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
Everyday language of ordinary people
3D, responded to light/shading, religious and everyday situations, active and looked real
Henry VIII of England
launched the English Reformation because he couldn't get a divorce, allowed the Bible to be printed in English legally for the first time.
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