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20 terms

Reproduction : Meiosis

flashcards for Reproduction Quiz #2 on Meiosis
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gametes
another way to say "sex cells"
fertilization
the process of combining a sperm cell and an egg cell
egg
female gamete
sperm
male gamete
testes
male gonads
ovaries
female gonads
gonads
the sex organs
zygote
another way to say "fertilized egg cell"
gametogenesis
the beginning of gametes
meiosis
the type of cell division that makes sex cells
spermatogenesis
name for gametogenesis in males
oogenesis
name for gametogenesis in females
mitosis
the type of cell division that a zygote uses to divide
polar bodies
the 3 useless cells produced in a female
blastula
a hollow ball of cells
gastrula
a dented in hollow ball of cells (looks like a pair of goggles)
differentiation
different layers of cells form into different tissues
ectoderm
outer layer of tissues that makes skin
mesoderm
middle layer of tissues that makes organs
endoderm
inner layer of tissues that makes the lining of organs