"sounding out" a printed sequence of letters based on knowledge of letter sound correspondence.
the ability to recognize the sounds of spoken language and how they can be blended together, segmented, and switched/manipulated, to form new combination of words.
the understanding that words are composed of sounds
listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and /t/
grouping of children with similar needs for instructional purposes. changes throughout the year as childrens needs change.
the knowledge that written words are composed of letters which represent sounds.
tests where children are measured against criteria which are uniform to all test takers.
indicates which concepts have been taught and which ones need review.
children are measured against each other.
measured in percentiles.
does not track progress, just comparison.
a gliding, monosyllabic speech shound varying in quality but help as a single sound. examples -oi as in toy, -ow as in low, -ou as in loud, -oo as in loon, etc...
systematic or explicit phonics
students are taught the rules and exceptions, not instructed to memorize.
homophonous with the names of the single letter vowels like, baby, meter, tiny, broken, humor.
syllables include those wherein a vowel followed by an r has a different sound from its regular pattern.
book handling skills
skills such as orienting a book correctly and recognizing the beginning, middle and end.