162 terms

Industrial Design Vocabulary

A general set of academic & professional vocabulary useful for international students of Industrial Design.
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Terms in this set (...)

abstract
An idea or way of thinking that is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events.
accentuate
to emphasize something or make it more noticeable
accommodate
A building or space can do this to someone or something if it has enough room for them.
accountable
If you are __________ to someone for something that you do, you are responsible for it and must be prepared to justify your actions to that person.
adjacent
If one thing is __________ to another, the two things are next to each other.
aesthetic
__________ is used to talk about beauty or art, and people's appreciation of beautiful things.
affiliated
If an organization is __________ with another larger organization, it is officially connected with the larger organization or is a member of it.
agenda
An __________ is a list of the items that have to be discussed at a meeting.
aggressive
An __________ person or animal has a quality of anger and determination that makes them ready to attack other people.
alternative
If one thing is an __________ to another, the first can be found, used, or done instead of the second.
ambiguous
If you describe something as __________, you mean that it is unclear or confusing because it can be understood in more than one way.
analysis
__________ is the process of considering something carefully or using statistical methods in order to understand it or explain it.
arbitrary
If you describe an action, rule, or decision as __________, you think that it is not based on any principle, plan, or system. It often seems unfair because of this.
argument
An __________ is a statement or set of statements that you use in order to try to convince people that your opinion about something is correct.
array
An __________ of different things or people is a large number or wide range of them.
articulate
When you __________ your ideas or feelings, you express them clearly in words.
assume
If you __________ that something is true, you imagine that it is true, sometimes wrongly.
augment
To __________ something means to make it larger, stronger, or more effective by adding something to it.
authentic
An __________ thing or piece of information is real, true, and accurate.
behavior
Your __________ is the way that you do and say things, and the things that you do and say.
brainstorm
A problem solving technique that involves spontaneous ideas from a group of people.
brand
Goods, services, people in the fields of marketing, advertising, sales, design... Apple, McDonalds, Sony...
brief
Also called a program, project brief, proposal... It is a document that presents a plan of action.
carbon footprint
The amount of carbon pollution put into the air by the activities of an individual, company, country,
categories
People or things can be divided into __________ in such a way that the members of each group are similar to each other in some way.
claim
an opinion or to give an opinion
cohesive
Something that is __________ consists of parts that fit together well and form a united whole.
collaboration
__________ is the act of working together to produce a piece of work.
compartment
A __________ is a separate part or space of an object that is used for keeping things in.
compatible
If things, for example systems, ideas, and beliefs, are __________, they work well together or can be together successfully.
compelling
A __________ argument or reason is one that convinces you that something is true or that something should be done.
competent
Someone who is __________ is efficient and effective.
components
The __________ of something are the parts that it is made of.
comprehend
If you cannot __________ something, you cannot understand it.
comprehensive
thorough or complete
concise
short, brief
concrete
A __________ thing is a real, physical object.
configure
set up for a particular purpose
conjecture
A __________ is a conclusion that is based on information that is not certain or complete.
contemporary
__________ things are modern and relate to the present time.
context
The __________ of an idea or event is the general situation that relates to it, and which helps it to be understood.
continuity
__________ is the fact that something continues to happen or exist, with no great changes or interruptions.
controversial
If you describe something or someone as __________, you mean that they are the subject of intense public argument, disagreement, or disapproval.
copyright
If someone has the __________ on a piece of writing or music, it is illegal to reproduce or perform it without their permission.
correlate
If one thing __________ with another, there is a close similarity or connection between them, often because one thing causes the other.
critique
The act of evaluating or reviewing work.
customize
If you __________ something, you change its appearance or features to suit your tastes or needs.
D.I.Y.
__________ is the activity of making or repairing things yourself, especially in your home. __________ is an abbreviation for do-it-yourself.
data
information or statistics, often to support a claim
decipher
If you __________ a piece of writing or a message, you work out what it says, even though it is very difficult to read or understand.
dedicated
You use __________ to describe someone who enjoys a particular activity very much and spends a lot of time doing it.
deliberate
If you do something that is __________, you planned or decided to do it beforehand, and so it happens on purpose rather than by chance.
design consultancy
Companies that provide external design services to clients. Also called firms, boutiques. IDEO, Frog, Phase.
dimension
measurements in length and width, and often depth
disparity
inequality or difference
distill
to draw out or obtain the part that is essential, pure, etc.
dress rehearsal
a final practice of a performance, done exactly as it is to take place
durable
Something that is __________ is strong and lasts a long time without breaking or becoming weaker.
elaborate
You use __________ to describe something that is very complex because it has a lot of different parts.
elevator pitch
A very short and persuasive description of a product or business idea, especially one given to a possible investor.
empathy
__________ is the ability to share another person's feelings and emotions as if they were your own.
empirical
__________ evidence or study relies on practical experience rather than theories.
emulate
If you __________ something or someone, you imitate them because you admire them a great deal.
engaging
very interesting
entrepreneur
An __________ is a person who sets up businesses and business deals.
ergonomics
__________ is the study of how equipment and furniture can be arranged so that people can do work or other activities more efficiently and comfortably.
eval
Short for evaluation. The critique or reviewing of work.
evidence
__________ is anything that you see, experience, read, or are told that causes you to believe that something is true or has really happened.
execute
If you __________ a difficult action or movement, you successfully perform it.
executive
An __________ is someone who is employed by a business at a senior level. An __________ decides what the business should do, and ensures that it is done.
expertise
__________ is special skill or knowledge that is acquired by training, study, or practice.
extensive
Something that is __________ covers a wide range of details, ideas, or items.
extrapolate
If you __________ from known facts, you use them as a basis for general statements about a situation or about what is likely to happen in the future.
facilitate
To __________ an action or process, especially one that you would like to happen, means to make it easier or more likely to happen.
far-fetched
If you describe a story or idea as __________, you are criticizing it because you think it is unlikely to be true or practical.
feasible
If something is __________, it can be done, made, or achieved.
finish
The quality and craftsmanship of a completed task
flexible
Something or someone that is __________ is able to change easily and adapt to different conditions and circumstances.
fundamental
You use __________ to describe things, activities, and principles that are very important or essential.
gadget
A __________ is a small machine or device which does something useful.
gimmick
A __________ is an unusual and unnecessary feature or action whose purpose is to attract attention or publicity.
habitual
A __________ action, state, or way of behaving is one that someone usually does or has, especially one that is considered to be typical or characteristic of them.
hone
If you __________ something, for example a skill, technique, idea, or product, you carefully develop it over a long period of time so that it is exactly right for your purpose.
hypothesis
An assumption which leads to design investigation.
I.P.
Intellectual Property. When design work is patented or copyrighted
iconic
An __________ image or thing is important or impressive because it seems to be a symbol of something.
ideation
The process of forming ideas or images.
implement
If you __________ something such as a plan, you ensure that what has been planned is done.
indicate
If you __________ something to someone, you show them where it is, especially by pointing to it.
inherent
The __________ qualities of something are the necessary and natural parts of it.
initiative
If you have __________, you have the ability to decide what to do next and to do it, without needing other people to tell you what to do.
innovate
To __________ means to introduce changes and new ideas in the way something is done or made.
insight
If someone has __________, they are able to understand complex situations.
inspiration
__________ is a feeling of enthusiasm you get from someone or something, that gives you new and creative ideas.
integrate
If you __________ one thing with another, or one thing __________s with another, the two things become closely linked or form part of a whole idea or system.
interaction
a mutual or reciprocal action; the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields
intuitive
If you have an __________ idea or feeling about something, you feel that it is true although you have no evidence or proof of it.
iteration
a procedure in which repetition of a sequence of actions gives results increasingly closer to a desired result
lifestyle
The __________ of a particular person or group of people is the living conditions, behavior, and habits that are typical of them or are chosen by them.
luxurious
If you describe something as __________, you mean that it is very comfortable and expensive.
magnitude
If you talk about the __________ of something, you are talking about its great size, scale, or importance.
mainstream
People, activities, or ideas that are part of the __________ are regarded as the most typical, normal, and conventional because they belong to the same group or system as most others of their kind.
mandatory
If an action or procedure is __________, people have to do it, because it is a rule or a law.
mediocre
If you describe something as __________, you mean that it is of average quality but you think it should be better.
metaphor
A __________ is an imaginative way of describing something by referring to something else which is the same in a particular way. For example, if you want to say that someone is very shy and frightened of things, you might say that they are a mouse.
methodology
A __________ is a system of methods and principles for doing something, for example for teaching or for carrying out research.
mock up
A __________ of something such as a machine or building is a model of it which is used in tests or to show people what it will look like.
modern
__________ is used to describe styles of design, art, dance, music, and architecture that have developed in recent times, in contrast to classical styles. It might also use the newest ideas or equipment.
modify
If you __________ something, you change it slightly, usually in order to improve it.
momentum
If a process or movement gains __________, it keeps developing or happening more quickly and keeps becoming less likely to stop.
monochromatic
If something is __________, it uses only one color or type of color.
multitasking
__________ is a situation in which a computer or person does more than one thing at the same time.
mundane
Something that is __________ is very ordinary and not at all interesting or unusual.
narrative
A __________ is a story or an account of a series of events.
negative space
__________ is empty space, or space around an object or form.
neutral
If you say that something is __________, you mean that it does not have any effect on other things because it lacks any significant qualities of its own.
niche
A __________ in the market is a specific area of marketing which has its own particular requirements, customers, and products.
objection
If you express or raise an __________ to something, you say that you do not like it or agree with it.
obsolete
Something that is __________ is no longer needed because something better has been invented.
P.O.V.
Point of View. Used in perspective to describe where the viewer's eye is located; also: an opinion, an attitude or judgment.
paradigm
A __________ is a model for something that explains it or shows how it can be produced.
patent
An idea protected by law.
perceive
If you __________ something, you see, notice, or realize it, especially when it is not obvious.
plagiarism
The inappropriate use or stealing of someone else's work or ideas.
policy
A __________ is a set of ideas or plans that is used as a basis for making decisions, especially in politics, economics, or business.
pragmatic
A __________ way of dealing with something is based on practical considerations, rather than theoretical ones. A __________ person deals with things in a practical way.
predictable
If you say that an event is __________, you mean that it is obvious in advance that it will happen.
priority
If something is a __________, it is the most important thing you have to do or deal with, or must be done or dealt with before everything else you have to do.
privileged
Someone who is __________ has an advantage or opportunity that most other people do not have, often because of their wealth or connections with powerful people.
proficient
If you are __________ in something, you can do it well.
profit
A __________ is an amount of money that you gain when you are paid more for something than it cost you to make, get, or do it.
prosperity
__________ is a condition in which a person or community is doing well with money.
prototype
A __________ is a new type of machine or device that is not yet ready to be made in large numbers and sold.
rational
__________ decisions and thoughts are based on reason instead of emotion.
relevant
Something that is __________ to a situation or person is important or significant in that situation or to that person.
remedy
A __________ is a successful way of dealing with a problem.
revenue
__________ is money that a company, organization, or government receives from people.
rigid
Laws, rules, or systems that are __________ cannot be changed or varied, and are therefore considered to be very strong or severe.
royalties
Payments made to someone whose invention, idea, or property is used by a commercial company can be referred to as __________.
scenario
If you talk about a likely or possible __________, you are talking about the way in which a situation may develop.
solvent
If a person or a company is __________, they have enough money to pay all their debts.
specification
A __________ is a requirement which is clearly stated, for example about the necessary features in the design of something.
spontaneous
__________ acts are not planned or arranged, but are done because someone suddenly wants to do them.
springboard
If something is a __________ for something else, it makes it possible for that thing to happen or start.
stakeholder
A __________ is a person who has an interest in a company's or organization's success.
streamline
To __________ an organization or process means to make it more efficient by removing unnecessary parts of it.
sustainable
If something is __________ , it is capable of being used or maintained without using up natural resources or causing severe environmental damage.
synchronize
If you __________ two activities, processes, or movements, or if you __________ one activity, process, or movement with another, you cause them to happen at the same time and speed as each other.
synthesis
A __________ of different ideas or styles is a mixture or combination of these ideas or styles.
tangible
If something is __________, it is clear enough or definite enough to be easily seen, felt, or noticed.
target market
A __________ is a group of people that to whom a company is trying to sell its products or services.
task analysis
__________ is the process of breaking a skill down into smaller, more manageable parts.
thesis
A design project in support of a graduate level degree and professional qualification.
thinktank
A __________ is a group of experts who are gathered together by an organization, especially by a government, to consider various problems and try and work out ways to solve them.
trademark
A __________ is a name or symbol that a company uses on its products and that cannot legally be used by another company.
trend
To set a __________ means to do something that becomes accepted or fashionable, and that a lot of other people copy.
UI
User Interface. The design of how humans interact with an object.
UX
User Experience. The design of the humans interactions with a service, product, or system.
variation
A __________ is a change or slight difference in a level, amount, or quantity.
venn diagram
A graphic that uses circles to show data and their relationships.
versatile
A tool, machine, or material that is __________ can be used for many different purposes.
virtual
__________ objects and activities are generated by a computer to simulate real objects and activities.