12 terms

Ch 11 Essentials

Urinary Tract system is responsible for:
producing,storing, and excreting urine,
cleansing the blood of waste products
regulating the normal balance of water and electrolytes
evaluation of urinary system
proper function is usually the system frequently evaluated by urinalysis and blood test
Acute Glomerulonephritis: Desciption
usually follows a streptococcal bacterial infection of the throat or skin, infection by group A beta hemolytic streptococcus
Acute Glomerulonephritis:Symptoms
Edema,hematuria,protein in the urine, and decreased urinary output. Abnormal urinalysis and hypertension, headaches, and low grade fever
filters out unwanted elements from the bood, usually remobed by healthy kidneys, the body's proper fluid, electrolyte, and acid base balance is maintained
Nephrotic Syndrome (Nephrosis)
disease that encompasses a group of symptoms referred to as the protein-losing kidney
Nephrotoxic Agents known to cause renal damage include:
solvents, heavy metals, pesticides, antibioticd, and poisonous mushrooms
Renal Calculi treatment
relief of pain, lithotripsy, surgical intervention, incresaed flued intake, and diuretics
Infectious cystitis and urethritis
cause of both are ascending bacterial invasion of the urinary tract
polycystic kidney disease
Greatly enlarges the kidneys and leads to kidney failure, Weakening of pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure as a result of trauma, childbirth hormonal changes of aging obesity, or certain medications may precipitate
Cause of neurogenic Bladder (Bladder control dysfunction)
damage to the brain,sprinal cord, or nerves supplying the lower urinary tract
Renal Cell Carcinoma risk factors
smoking, obesity, prolonged exposure to chemicals such as asbestos and cadmium