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Urinary Tract system is responsible for:

producing,storing, and excreting urine,
cleansing the blood of waste products
regulating the normal balance of water and electrolytes

evaluation of urinary system

proper function is usually the system frequently evaluated by urinalysis and blood test

Acute Glomerulonephritis: Desciption

usually follows a streptococcal bacterial infection of the throat or skin, infection by group A beta hemolytic streptococcus

Acute Glomerulonephritis:Symptoms

Edema,hematuria,protein in the urine, and decreased urinary output. Abnormal urinalysis and hypertension, headaches, and low grade fever


filters out unwanted elements from the bood, usually remobed by healthy kidneys, the body's proper fluid, electrolyte, and acid base balance is maintained

Nephrotic Syndrome (Nephrosis)

disease that encompasses a group of symptoms referred to as the protein-losing kidney

Nephrotoxic Agents known to cause renal damage include:

solvents, heavy metals, pesticides, antibioticd, and poisonous mushrooms

Renal Calculi treatment

relief of pain, lithotripsy, surgical intervention, incresaed flued intake, and diuretics

Infectious cystitis and urethritis

cause of both are ascending bacterial invasion of the urinary tract

polycystic kidney disease

Greatly enlarges the kidneys and leads to kidney failure, Weakening of pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structure as a result of trauma, childbirth hormonal changes of aging obesity, or certain medications may precipitate

Cause of neurogenic Bladder (Bladder control dysfunction)

damage to the brain,sprinal cord, or nerves supplying the lower urinary tract

Renal Cell Carcinoma risk factors

smoking, obesity, prolonged exposure to chemicals such as asbestos and cadmium

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