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A city of ancient Sumer in southern Mesopotamia on a site in present-day southeast Iraq. One of the oldest cities in Mesopotamia, it was an important center of Sumerian culture after c. 3000 B.C. and the birthplace of Abraham.


an ancient Sumerian city in Southern Iraq, near the Euphrates, important before 2000 b.c. : exclusive archaeological excavations, notably of a ziggurat and of tablets with very early Sumerian script.


An ancient region of Mesopotamia occupying the northern part of Babylonia. It reached the height of its power in the third millennium B.C.


an ancient city of SW Asia, on the Euphrates River, famed for its magnificence and culture: capital of Babylonia and later of the Chaldean empire.


to bring to or make of an established standard size, weight, quality, strength, or the like


a grain used in ancient civilizations to feed livestock, mult production and cereal


of or pertaining to Assyria, its inhabitants, or their language


of or pertaining to Lydia (Lydia) an ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: under Croesus, a wealthy empire including most of Asia Minor


A small piece of metal, usually flat and circular, authorized by a government for use as money.

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