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Greece Key Terms Part 1 (no pictures)
Terms in this set (30)
cultural regression (Regression = going backwards; opposite of "progression," which means going forwards)
When a society moves backwards, becoming less civilized, losing characteristics of civilization like writing, cities, long-distance trade, monumental architecture, etc., and falling into a period of known as a "Dark Age."
The large peninsula in southern Greece, where many Dorians settled
A settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to its homeland.
A Greek city-state, like a tiny independent country
A fortified area at the top of a hill in the center of a polis, which provided a safe place in case of attacks. Often this area also served as a religious center, with temples and alters built on top.
An open area at the base of a city-state's acropolis, which served as a market and a place where people could meet and debate issues.
a member of a political community who is treated as equal to all other members and who has rights and responsibilities
A member of a political community with no rights and no say in government, who has no choice but to obey their ruler
choose officials, pass laws, vote, own property, defend themselves in court
Rights of Greek citizens (List 5)
serve in the government, fight in the army
Duties of Greek citizens (List 2)
Heavily armed Greek citizen-soldier who fought on foot and carried a round shield, a short sword, and a 9-foot spear
A military formation, in which hoplites marched forward, row upon row, shoulder to shoulder, with their shields creating a protective wall
someone who takes power by force and rules with absolute authority
form of government in which the ruler takes power by force and rules with absolute authority
system of government in which a few people hold the power
system in which all citizens share in running the government
A polis in the Peloponnesus that conquered and enslaved its neighbors and then created a military society in which all male citizens trained as warriors, in order to protect against a revolt by the people they had enslaved
Captive workers, who had been conquered and enslaved by the Spartans
Council of Elders
The group of 28 Spartan citizens over age 60 who wrote laws and presented them to the Spartan Assembly
The group of all Spartan citizens over age 30, which voted on laws and chose the five ephors
Five Spartan citizens chosen by the Assembly, who enforced the laws and managed tax collection
Athletic games in ancient Greece that included running, jumping, wrestling and boxing.
"Father of Athenian Democracy": Athenian leader who reorganized the Assembly so that it would play the central role in governing Athens by giving it new powers and creating the Council of 500 to help the Assembly carry out daily business.
The lawmaking body in Athens made up of all free, native-born men
Council of 500
The council of Athenian citizens created by Cleisthenes that helped the Assembly with the daily business of running the government
Cyrus the Great
Persian ruler who united the Persians into a powerful kingdom, and under his rule, Persia began building an empire larger than any yet seen in the world. He conquered Asia Minor and the Fertile Crescent. He issued the first known declaration of human rights in history on the Cyrus Cylinder.
a clay artifact found in Babylon that contains cuneiform script with the first declaration of human rights and freedom of religion
Road running 1500 miles across the Persian Empire
Persian religion that taught that there was one supreme being who was the creator of all things and a force of good in the world and that there was evil in the world, and that humans had the freedom to choose between good and evil, and that good would triumph in the end.
Prophet who founded the Persian religion that taught that there was one supreme being who was the creator of all things and a force of good in the world and that there was evil in the world, and that humans had the freedom to choose between good and evil, and that good would triumph in the end.
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