Westward Expansion - Territorial Acquisitions
Terms in this set (14)
The area west of the Appalachain Mtns to the Mississippi River. New, fertile land that was appealing and caused westward expansion.
1803 - The U.S. purchased the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from Napoleon for $15 million. Jefferson was interested in the territory because it would give the U.S. the Mississippi River and New Orleans (both were valuable for trade and shipping) and also room to expand. The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to buy land, so Jefferson used loose construction to justify the purchase.
1845. Originally refused in 1837, as the U.S. Government believed that the annexation would lead to war with Mexico. Texas remained a sovereign nation. Annexed via a joint resolution through Congress, supported by President-elect Polk, and approved in 1845. Land from the Republic of Texas later became parts of NM, CO, OK, KS, and WY.
For twenty years, the British and the United States agreed to jointly occupy this region. But in the mid-1840s this region became a political issue in the United States, with many expansionists willing to risk war to get all of the territory, including present-day British Columbia (54 40 or fight!). In 1846, Britain and the United States agreed to extend the 49th Parallel, forming the modern border between Canada and the United States. The settlers quickly applied for territorial status, which Congress granted in 1849. The territory was gradually split up, and in 1859, it—with its present borders—became the 33rd state.
..., historical name for the region of the present day southwestern United States that was ceded to the U.S. by Mexico in 1848 under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War. this massive land grab was significant because the question of extending slavery into newly acquired territories had become the leading national political issue.
1819: Acquired from Spain. At first it was acquired through conquest, but was then bought for 5 million dollars
Red River Basin
In 1818 America and Britain signed a treaty to clarify the treaty of Ghent,Clarified LA purchase territories
(1853) U.S. purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present-day Arizona and New Mexico; set the current borders of the contiguous United States and was to be the site of a southern transcontinental railroad.
"Seward's Folly," acquired in 1867 from Russia
America attained Hawaii by forcing the Hawaiian King to sign a constitution and reduced his power. The Queen Liliuokalani gave up her country because she didn't want to go to war with America. Hawaii eventually became the 50th State
(admitted to the Union 1863) mountainous region that broke away from Virginia in 1861 to form its own state after Virginia seceded from the Union. Most of the residents of West Virginia were independent farmers and miners who did not own slaves and thus opposed the Confederate cause during the Civil War.
Area of land controlled by a nation. In the U.S., government an organized political entity not yet enjoying full equal terms of a state.
A territory that was once set aside for use by Native Americans that was thrown open for settlement in 1889.
British and the United States divided up Oregon and the Louisiana Territory border by the 49th parallel through the Treaty and Convention of 1818