48 terms

Language Techniques and their Effects

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Colloquial
Ordinary conversational english rather than formal speech or writing. Audience relates to text as the mood is relaxed and free flowing.
Formal
Adhering to traditional standards of correctness and without casual, contracted, and colloquial forms.Creates a serious and informative mood.
Slang
Informal language consisting of words and expressions that are not considered appropriate for formal occasions.
Code Switching
Inserting native language words or phrases into text.
Archaic Words
Words no longer used.
Jargon
Exculsive types of language only certain people know
Connotations
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests. Can be positive or negative.
Denotations
No loaded meanings.
Nouns
Concrete or Abstract people, places or things.
Verbs
Action words, increases the sense of the pace of text.
Adjectives
Words that describe nouns or pronouns.
Adverbs
describes a verb, adjective, or other adverb
Pronouns
Tells us who is telling - 1st or 3rd person.
Contractions
Indicates formality e.g. can't, won't.
Onomatopea
Words that imitate the sound e.g. plop pow zoom
Alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Assonance
Repeated vowel sound. Sets mood, often subconsiously
Rhyme
Correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines. Internal rhyme occours within a line of a verse.
Sibilance
A type of alliteration in which the "s" sound is repeated.
Plosive
a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it e.g. P and B
Fricatives
"F" sounds
Imagery
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience.
Similies
Imagery - , Compares two different things using like or as
Metaphors
Imagery - , describe one thing as if it were something else
Extended Metaphor
Imagery - A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
Personification
Imagery - The act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas.
Hyberbole
Imagery - Overstatement
Oxymoron
Imagery - Conjoining contradictory terms
Antithesis
Imagery - Balance of two contrasts
Paradox
Imagery - Seemingly impossible.
Puns
Imagery - Play on words, double meaning.
Rhetorical Questions
Imagery - Questions not expecting an answer
Euphamism
Connotations - a mild term substituted for a harsh one
Dysphomism
Connotations - Harsh word for one less offensive
Allusions
A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature - readers are assumed to know what it means.
Minor Sentence
Incomplete sentence which can be fully understood.
Incomplete Sentence
Sentence with a unknown meaning
Parallel Structure
The repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures. e.g. He Came. He Saw. He Conqured.
Inversion
Switching order of words to give a different sound.
Juxtaposistion
a poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unasscoiated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another creating an effect of surprise or wit.
Comparatives
Compares two things or two groups
Superlative
The best, the worst.
Imperative
Order to do something
Point of View
What the writer is trying to covey
Persona
Character taken on in writing.
Style
Combined effect of all techniques
Form
Shape of writing
Irony
Witty language used to convey insults or scorn
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