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Chapter 17

STUDY
PLAY
agricultural waste
waste from the raising of animals and harvesting and processing of crops and trees
composting
the process of harnessing the natural process of decomposition to transform organic materials into compost, a husmuslike material with many environmental benefits
incineration
method of disposing of solid waste by burning
industrial solid waste
a wide variety of materials such as demolition waste, foundry sand, scraps from manufactoring processes, sludge, ash from combustion, and other similar materials produced by industry
leachate
contaminent-laden water that flows from landfills or other contaminated sites
mass burn
a methid of incineration of solid waste in which material is fed into a furnace on movable metal grates
mining waste
waste from the processing of rock from mining operations. it includes solid materials that are typically dumped on the land near the milling site and liquid wastes typically stored in ponds
municipal solid waste
all the waste produced by the residents of a community
muncipal solid waste landfill
a waste storage site constructed above impermeable clay layer that is lined with an impermeable membrane and includes mechanisms for dealing with liquid and gas materials generated by the contents of the landfill
recycling
the process of reclaiming a resource and reusing it for another or the same structure or person
solid waste
unwanted objects or particles that accumulate on the site where they are produced
source reduction
reducing the amount of solid waste generated by using less, or converting from heavy packaging materials to lightweight ones