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Mid Term Review

STUDY
PLAY
Miller Test
The test for obscenity
Rape Myth
A false assumption about rape such as "When a woman says 'no', she really means 'yes'."
Liberty limiting principles
1. Harm to others 2. Harm to self 3. Offense principle 4. Immorality principle
Censorship
control of what people read or write or see or hear; efforts to prohibit free expression of ideas
Ann Atwater and C.P. Ellis
Poor African-American and KKK leader became the best of friends in an agreement to help public schools.
Same-sex marriage
is harmful and no helpful for raising children.
Meaning of marriage
Procreation and the raising of children as the dominant, if not sole, purpose of marriage.
Metaethics
branch of philosophy that examines what is and is not real
Dogmatism
unshakable commitment to one point
of view
Offhanded self justification
Automatic rationalization (making excuses)
Creative problem solving
Finding the facts
Watching the words (manipulation)
Comparing to other cases
Ethical Relativism
There are no objective/universal moral standards or truths
Ethical Universalism
What a society thinks about the morality or immorality of an act itself moral or immoral.
Some morals standards are broad and universal.
Herodotus
the ancient greek known as the father of history
Axiology
the study of values and value judgments
Social Utility
moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome
Natural Law
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is higher than human law
Deontology
Duty Based Ethics
Duty-based Eithics
What ought I to do?
What is my duty?
Virture-based Eithics
Who should I be?
How can I be virtuous?
Virtue
the quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong