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virus & Bacteria test

third quarter 9th grade biology test over bacteria and viruses.
STUDY
PLAY
binary fission
a type of asexual reproduction that replicates its DNA and divides in half, producing two identical cells
conjugation
a process when prokaryotes exchange genetic information
endospore
a thick internal wall that encloses the DNA and a portion of the cytoplasm
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
decomposers
organism that breaks down and obtains energy from dead organic matter
nitrogen fixers
prokaryotes that convert nitrogen gas into ammonia. the ammonium is then converted into nitrates that plants can use
nodules
knobs on the root of plants
producers
organisms that produce food and biomass
consumers
organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and food supply
bacteriophage
viruses that infect bacteria
capsid
the protein coat surrounding a virus
pathogen
microorganisms, viruses and prokaryotes, that cause disease
prion
protein infectious particles
emerging disease
an unknown disease that appears in a population for the first time or a well-known disease that suddenly becomes harder to control
superbug
bacterial disease that is resistant to whole groups of antibiotics
antibiotic
a number of drugs that can be used to attack a bacterial infection