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exam #4 ccri
Terms in this set (32)
is when the smooth muscle contracts in the walls of the digestive trace. The wave-like motion helps food move thru system.
The 4 basic layers of the digestive system
MUCOSA-a mucous membrane,it lines the digestive tract and helps trap diease causing microbes. heps protect the delicate stomach tissues of digestive tract from stomach acid.
SUBMUCOSA-contains blood vessels and veins.
MUSCLE LAYER-(smooth muscle)this tissue relaxes automatically to move food thru system.
SEROSA-the tough outer layer of the connective tissue.
List some normal changes in the digestive system related to aging
1.Less efficient chewing and swallowing
2.Less efficient digestion
3.Increased risk for consitpation.
Where does most absorotion of nutrients take place
In the jejunum and ileum
Where is most of the water absorbed from the chyme. resulting in formed semi-moist feces
In the large intestine
What are the symptons of an UTI
1.Pain and burning while urinating
2.Incomplete emptying of the bladder.
What does it mean by Ph scale
the urinary system regulates the acidity of the blood. The ph scale is used to rate the degree of acidity of a substance. Human blood is slightly above 7 on the scale. which ranges from 1-14. anything above 7 is said to be basic or akanine. The blood has to be balanced even a slight change in the blood can cause damage
What is the artifical opening of a colonstomy called
what is personal hygiene
When taking care of a resident, make sure you always wipe front to back to prevent infections
What are the 3 phases of the surgial process called
The peri-operated period
What are some disorders of the urinary system
What are the organs of the urinary system
1.(2)kidneys-filter blood to remove waste and fluid
2.ureters-carry urine from kidneys to bladder
3. urinary bladder-holding place for urine
4.uretha-carries urine from the bladder to out of the body
Homeostasis of urinary tract
the urinary system plays a role in maintaing fluid balance and regulating Ph. levels
What is the job of the digestive system
The process that food so that your body can use it and to rid the body of waste.
What is the definition of the mouth
It is an accessoy organ that is assists with chewing and swallowing food.
what are the accessory organs,(appendages)
they accessory organs are .
what is pallative care
care that focuses on relieving uncomfortable symptoms,not curing the problem that causes the symptoms
Equal Employment opportunity commission (EEOC)
it is against an employer to ask questions unrelated to employment such as
1.age,marital status,weight,height,sexual preferance,religion or how many children you have
usually an RN who is responsible for overseeing all the cients care from admission to discharge
what is the term abandonment mean
the act of withdrawing support or help from another person, in spite of duty or responsibilty.
what is the work ethic
measured by any number of standards . your adittude towards your work
what is professionlism
those who have credentials obtained thru education and training that enables them to become liscened/certified to prractice a profession
List some affects of urinary system in the elderly
1. as we age the number of nephrons decrease which reduces the kidneys efficiency oat filtering blood
2.can get an UTI due todecreased ummune function
3.not fully emptying bladder
4. result of an enlarge prostate gland(men)
what is a termnal illness
is an illness that the end result is death
what is chyme
the liquid substance produced by the digestion of food in the stomach
what is a chronic illness
is an illnes that is ongoing and often needs to be controlled throught continous medication or treatment
What is basic life support (BLS)
The measures taken to prevent respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest
what is an acute illness
an illness with rapid onset and relatively short recovery time
what is cardiac arrest
the condition that is said to occure when the heart stops beating
Types of behavior assocated with demetia
what is sundowning
a worsening of a person behaivoral sysmptoms in the late afternoon.
what is repiratory arrest
the condition where breathing has stopped
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