Language Usage RIT 181-190

Vocabulary for Language Skills RIT 181-190
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Terms in this set (...)

action verb
- a verb that expresses either physical or mental action by subject.
address
To speak to; to direct ones attention to
audience
the intended reader of a piece
body
in a piece of writing the body is the main points. In a 5 paragraph essay, this is the three paragraphs after the introduction
book report
report about a book you've read
book title
name of the book. Should be underline or Italicized.
brainstorm
A method of generating ideas be free association of words and thought. Used to help list possible ideas for writing.
business letter
A letter sent from one business or organization to another or to an individual.
capitalize
Be sure to use upper case letters for proper nouns
Chronological Order
(Time Order) Events are arranged in the order in which they happened
closing
the last paragraph in a piece of writing. Ends the writing by revisiting the main ideas of the writing. Leaves the writing feeling complete.
colon
the sign (:) used to mark a major division in a sentence, to indicate that what follows is an elaboration, summation, implication, etc., of what precedes; or to separate groups of numbers referring to different things, as hours from minutes in 5:30; or the members of a ratio or proportion, as in 1 : 2 = 3 : 6.
compound sentence
A sentence with more than one subject or predicate joined by a conjunction such as and, but, or
detail
Facts revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone of the work
diagram
A drawing intended to explain how something works
diary
a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations like a journal.
draft
A writer's beginning and first attempt at expressing his ideas is a rough version of this. The copy presented for publication is the final version.
exclamatory sentence
A sentence that expresses strong feeling. ends with a (!)
fact
A statement that can be proved.
fairy tale
A type of folktale that features supernatural elements such as spirits, talking animals, and magic
friendly letter
a letter to someone you know has a heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature
heading
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about or in a letter it contains the company letterhead or return address.
hyphen
a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text
indent
to set in or back from the margin, as the first line of a paragraph.
journal
A daily, or periodic, account of events and the writer's thoughts and feelings about those events.
list
a series of names or other items written or printed together in a meaningful grouping or sequence
main heading
The title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top or beginning, as of a paragraph, letter, or chapter.
main topic
what the writing is mostly about
narrative
A story, actual or fictional, expressed orally or in writing.
noun
A person, place, thing, or idea
nursery Rhyme
short rhyme for kids that tell stories and teach sound patterns
outline
Arrange your main points & supporting ideas in visible framework
passage
a section of text
past tense
verb that tells something that happened in the past; example: Dena LAUGHED at the jokes. usually end in -ed
play
A story acted out, live or onstage
plural
more than one
predicate
The action or state of being of the sentence
publish
During which stage of writing does the writer get his paper ready for the public; types it or writes it VERY nicely?
punctuate
to mark or divide (something written) with punctuation marks in order to make the meaning clear.
revise
To make corrections to; edit or redo
run-on sentence
made up of two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
semicolon
A punctuation mark used to join two independent clauses that are closely related. (Ex: The rain stopped; the sun came out.)
signature
your name written in your own handwriting
singular
Being the only one of a kind; one
stanza
A group of lines in a poem
subject
A subject tells what or whom the sentence is about.
title
Appears on the cover of the book and at the front of the book.
describe
Give a detailed account.
topic Sentence
a sentence that states the topic of its paragraph
writing process
a description of how writers actually write; it consists of four stages: (1) Prewriting (research, brainstorming, organizing); (2) Drafting (writing a rough draft); (3) Editing (self-editing, peer-editing, or teacher editing involves the correction of mistakes in a draft); and (4) Publishing (submitting a piece of writing to a teacher or to a publisher). The Writing process assumes that the writer loops through the first three stages as many times as necessary before the author is satisfied enough to let a work be published.