29 terms

Unit 7 - America and the "Other America"; JFK & MLK

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
1954 Supreme Court decision that declared "separate but equal" doctrine unconstitutional; paved way for end of segregation
1950s poets and writers; criticized American materialism
Elvis Presley
rock and roll singer beloved among younger Americans in 50's
National Defense Education Act
(1958) provided funding to United States education institutions at all levels
ballistic missile that is capable of traveling from one continent to another
independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and
first man-made satellite to orbit the earth; launched by Soviet Union spaceflight
League of United Latin American Citizens
campaigned to desegregate schools and public facilities for Hispanic Americans
bracero program
guest worker program; brought hundreds of thousands of Mexican laborers to the US in the 50's
Operation Wetback
derision for illegal Mexican immigrants; deported 3 million allegedly undocumented entrants
Martin Luther King Jr
African-American minister whose emphasis on nonviolence catapulted him to leadership of civil-rights movement
Earl Warren
Chief justice of Supreme Court who broadened constitutional protections for individual rights
Rosa Parks
civil-rights leader' refusal to give a white man her bus seat triggered the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Southern Manifesto
1956 statement of southern congressmen, opposing the Brown decision and defending racial segregation
John F. Kennedy
35th president; Cold Warrior who projected youthful dynamism and liberalism
Black Panther Party
African-American revolutionary organization established to promote Black Power, and by extension self-defense for blacks
Malcolm X
militant civil rights leader
Kerner Commission
commissioned by Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots and to provide recommendations for the future
1964-1968 Race Riots
series of riots during the civil rights movement that changed peaceful protests into violent riots
Voting Rights Act of 1965
outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the US
Civil Rights Act of 1964
nation's first comprehensive law making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin; enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
independent federal agency that enforces laws against workplace discrimination during civil rights movement
March on Washington
(1963) large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C.
Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor
Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, during the American Civil Rights Movement
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
youth auxiliary of the broader civil rights movement; involved in rallies, sit-ins and voter registration drives
Cuban missile crisis
Brinksmanship between the US and Soviet Union over nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962 that nearly led to nuclear war
efforts in which the superpowers moved from confrontation to negotiation
Bay of Pigs Invasion
unsuccessful action by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with support and encouragement from the US government
Peace Corps
civilian organization sponsored by the United States government; helps people in developing countries