32 terms

English 11 R Terms

Used in analzing literature, speeches, articles and arguments
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Claim
Main idea about an issue in an arguement-what the writer is trying to prove.
Opposing (counter) claim
ideas that differ from or oppose the author's claim (it is what the writer is trying to disprove)
Source
A person, book, document, website, image, graph or record that provides information to support or oppose a claim.
Citation
Information that identifies and signals the source used (for example, parenthetical citation, works cited).
Reasoning
The logical relationship among ideas--the logical connection the author makes between evidence and his claims.
Fallacious reasoning
An incorrect belief or supposition based on faulty data, defective evidence, false information, or flawed logic.
Allusion
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
Refining a Claim
The way an author modifies or changes the original claim statement to account for complexities in the argument.
Point of view
It is the persepective of the author based on his experieinces, background, and/or bias.
Structure
The way in which the parts of a text are put together. The organization and grouping of evidence and ideas.
Transitions
Any word or phrase (group of words) used to move from one idea to the next, one sentence to the next, or one paragraph to the next.
Diction
A speaker or writer's choice of words (formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, ornate, plain, abstract, concrete, etc.); diction has a powerful effect on tone.
Connotation
An idea or feeling that a word evokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Metaphorical Language -Figurative
Figurative language (opposite of literal), by which a connection is made, either directly or indirectly, between two unrelated images
Personification-Figurative
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Irony Ironic Language-Figuaritve
A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste) How does it effect the senses-
Pathos
The author's appeal to the emotions of the reader such as anger, sympathy, outrage etc.
Logos
-persuasions based on logic, facts, etc., An appeal based on logic or reason.
Ethos
Appeals to an audience's sense of morality/trust; Achieved by projecting an image of credibility which supports the speaker's position.
Theme-central idea
A unifying idea in a text.
Internal Conflict
A struggle between opposing needs, desires, or emotions within a single character.
External Conflict
A character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force.
Motif
(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a work.
Symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else, esp. a material object representing something abstract.
Allegory
story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities.
Satire
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and convention for reform or ridicule. Often uses imitation, irony, and/or sarcasm.
Evidence
Textual details such as facts, events, statistics, anecdotes, description, testimony of experts, and observations that can support or disprove a claim.
Rhetorical Devices
Strategies a writer uses in order to craft an argument to influence an audience.
Inference
A conclusion made by the reader based upon details/evidence in the text.
Interpretation
When a reader explains and connects his/her inferences to create meaning about the text.
Analysis
When a reader breaks down a text and notices patterns, rhetorical strategies, and structure to gain a greater understanding and insight.