Practice matching the single letters of the German alphabet with the name of the letter. It is better to LISTEN to the names and identify the letters. The last four letters of the German alphabet have no equivalent in English. The two dots over a vowel is called an UMLAUT. The "names" of the "letters" corresponding to "c," "z" and "ß" are written using the German "z" instead of the "ts" used in the textbook, although, for English speakers, the German "z" sounds like "ts." When you "spell" a word in German, say the "name" of the letters. When using the flashcards, start with the "term," not the "definition." The best practice is to LISTEN to the letters and type them in the SPELLER mode.