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When a law or system is officially ended.


A situation in which there is no effective government or no order in a country or organization.


This type of legislature (=part of the government that makes laws) consists of two parts, such as the Senate and the House of Representatives in the US Congress.

civil rights

Rights that ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of a country without discrimination because of gender, race, religion, national origin, age, sexual orientation, physical or mental ability, etc.


A union of two or more political parties that allows them to form a government or fight an election together.


An official order or decision, especially one made by the ruler of a country.


A system in which people are ordered to join the army, navy etc, especially during a war.


Based on the belief that everyone is equal and should have equal rights.


Someone who leaves their own country to live in another, usually for political reasons.

political prisoner

Someone that is in prison because they have opposed or critizised the government of their own country.


Someone who has new and different ideas, especially a person who wants complete social and political change.


Someone who supports their country's king or queen, or believes that a country should be ruled by kings or queens. The opposite is a republican.


This type of legislature (=part of the government that makes laws) consists of only one part, of one legislative chamber.

universal suffrage

The right of all adult citizens to vote in elections. In France, it referred to the right of all MALE adults to vote in elections. Women could not vote in France before 1946.

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