42 terms

Unfamiliar Texts Language Techniques

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Abstract Noun
Names idea rather than physical objects. E.G. love, hate, survival
Adverb
Word that gives the reader more about the meaning of a verb. E.G. Ran slowly
Adjective
Word that describes a noun or pronoun. E.G. blue desk
Alliteration
Repetition of initial sound in a group of words. E.G. wild and whirling words.
Colloquialism
An informal or conversational word/phrase. E.G. dunno, cop.
Emotive Language
Language chosen because of its emotional connotations. E.G. slaughtered rather than killed.
First person
Story told by the person involved. E.G. I felt numb.
Metaphor
A very close and direct comparison, when one thing 'becomes' another. E.G. Conversations bloom all about.
Onomatopoeia
The sound of the word spoken echoes the noise described. E.G. bang, pop.
Personification
Giving non human objects human characteristics. E.G. The wind danced in the trees.
Point of View
The angle from which the story is told. E.G. first, second or third person.
Second person
Story is told like the reader is the subject. E.G. You walk into the room.
Simile
A straightforward comparison. E.G. The applause was like waves crashing.
Syntax
Way in which words are organised into sentences.
Tense
Time at which the action takes place. E.G. past, present, future.
Third person
Story told by an outside narrator. E.G. He, she, they.
Verb
Words expressing a state of being. E.G. ran, sat.
Rhetorical question
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
Imperative
some duty that is essential and urgent
Repetition
the repeated use of the same word or word pattern as a rhetorical device
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Personal Pronoun
a type of first person plural pronoun whose referents include the addressee
Pun
a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings
Jargon
specialized technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
Cliche
an overused saying or idea
Anecdote
short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)
Quotation
Using words from another source
Facts/Statistics
Knowledge or information based on real, observable occurrences.
Listing
Series of items in a meaningful sequence
Allusion
Referring to a work of literature, a famous event, person or place in order to link ideas.
Analogy
An extended comparison using two things that are similar. E.G. Animal Farm
Assonance
Repetition or similarity of vowel sounds in a group of words. E.G. line/find
Connotation
The emotional meaning or association of a word. E.G. Pig - dirty, smelly.
Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds within words or across words E.G. He struck a streak of bad luck.
Figurative language
The use of figures of speech like similes and metaphors.
Foreshadowing
Events or descriptions that hint at coming events.
Imagery
Use of figurative or descriptive language to create an image.
Rhyme
Repetition of identical or closely similar sounds. E.G. whirl, swirl.
Rhythm
Sound pattern created by the repetition of regular patterns. E.G. iambic pentameter.
Run-on-line
A line of poetry that has not punctuation at the end.
Stream of conscience
The story is told through a random flow of character thoughts.
Symbol
Object that represents a greater idea or feeling. E.g. dove = peace
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