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the foot-in-the-door phenomenon.

Marilyn judges her professor's strict class attendance policy to be an indication of his overcontrolling personality rather than a necessity dictated by the limited number of class sessions in a course that meets only once a week. Her judgment best illustrates:

cognitive dissonance theory

Professor Stewart wrote a very positive letter of recommendation for a student despite having doubts about her competence. Which theory best explains why he subsequently began to develop more favorable attitudes about the student's abilities?

foot-in-the-door phenomenon.

Bart complied with his friends' request to join them in smashing decorative pumpkins early one Halloween evening. Later that night he was surprised by his own failure to resist their pressures to throw eggs at passing police cars. Bart's experience best illustrates the

role-playing on attitude change

Cognitive dissonance theory is most helpful for understanding the impact of

cognitive dissonance theory

Professor Stewart wrote a very positive letter of recommendation for a student despite having doubts about her competence. Which theory best explains why he subsequently began to develop more favorable attitudes about the student's abilities?

any of the above can occur

In a non-zero sum game involving two players:
Both can win - both can lose - one can win and the other can lose

both player can set up a roadblock

Playing mistrust is most likely to be increased in the trucking game when

normative social influence

In making wedding preparations, Jason conforms to the expectations of his future bride's family simply to win their favor. His behavior illustrates the importance of

social facilitation

Bonnie pedals an exercise bike at her health club much faster when other patrons happen to be working out on nearby equipment. This best illustrates

the chameleon effect

Research participants who worked alongside someone who rubbed his or her face or shook his or her foot were observed to do the same thing themselves. This best illustrated

participants are not observed by other group members when giving their answers

Using the Asch procedure, conformity to group judgments would be LEAST likely when

signal detection theory

The impact of boredom and fatigue on people's absolute thresholds is highlighted by

that information can be processed outside of conscious awareness

If a visual image is first presented subliminally, the chance of a person later recognizing the same briefly presented image is improved. This best illustrates:

top-down processing

Interpreting new sensory information within the framework of a past memory illustrates:

subliminal stimulation

Which of the following is most notable for its short-term effects on thinking?

Weber's law

The size of the difference threshold is greater for heavier objects than for lighter ones. This best illustrates:


The central focal point in the retina where cones are heavily concentrated is known as the


The opponent-process theory is most useful for explaining a characteristic of

rods; cone

Multiple ________ send combined messages to a bipolar cell, whereas a single ________ may link directly to a single bipolar cell.

conscious awareness

The phenomenon of blindsight best illustrates that visual information can be processed without

color constancy

Even when seen through sunglasses, grass appears equally as green as it does without glasses. This best illustrates:

top-down processing

The fact that perceptions involve more than the sum of our sensations best illustrates the importance of:

texture gradient; convergence

Monocular cue is to _______ as binocular cue is to ________.

relative clarity

The lights along the runway were shrouded in such a thick fog that the pilot of an incoming plane nearly overshot the runway. The pilot was most likely misled by the distance cue known as:

retinal disparity

The distance between our right and left eyes functions to provide us with a cue for depth perception known as:


Pedro recognized that his son was closer to him than his daughter because his son partially obstructed his view of his daughter. Pedro's perception was most clearly influenced by a distance cue known as:

shape constancy

A door casts an increasingly trapezoidal image on our retinas as it opens, yet we still perceive it as rectangular. This illustrates:

the Ponzo illusion

The specific perceptual processes that underlie the Moon illusion also contribute to:

overestimate; distant

In the Ponzo Illusion, most people ________ the length of the bar that appears to be more ________.


The Ponzo Illusion illustrates that people judge the size of an object in terms of its perceived:


Goggles that allow animals to see only diffuse, unpatterned light have inhibiting effects on perceptual development similar to the effects of:

perceptual set

People perceive an adult-child pair as looking more alike when told they are parent and child. This best illustrates the effect of:

top-down processing

Once we have formed a wrong idea about reality, we have more difficulty seeing the truth. This best illustrates the impact of:


Psychics are unable to make millions of dollars betting on horse races. This undermines their claims to possess the power of:


Which philosopher would have predicted that an extended period of sensory deprivation would inhibit the development of one's perceptual capacities?

top-down processing

Racial and ethnic stereotypes can sometimes bias our perceptions of others' behaviors. This best illustrates the impact of:

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