5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- approximate symmetry
- golden section
- a The use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.
- b A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
- c Any stress or emphasis given to the elements of a composition that brings them more attention than other features that surround or are close to them; can be created by a brighter color, darker value, greater size, or any other means by which a difference is expressed.
- d 3D work characterized by considerable amounts of space; open, as opposed to massive (or tectonic), and often with extended appendages.
- e The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."
- A German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.
- The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.
- The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
- A 3D, moving sculpture
5 True/False questions
scale → The association of size relative to a constant standard of specific unit of measure related to human dimensions.
golden mean → A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
principles of organization → The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.
variety → Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.
motif → A designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.