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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. principles of organization
  2. Gestalt, Gestalt psychology
  3. radial
  4. allover pattern
  5. visual unity
  1. a A design that is formed through the systematic repetition of smaller designed units over an entire surface.
  2. b Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
  3. c A sense of visual oneness - an organization of the elements into a visual whole. It results from the appropriate ratio between harmony and variety (in conjunction with the other principles of organization).
  4. d A German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.
  5. e Emanating from a center

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.
  2. Any stress or emphasis given to the elements of a composition that brings them more attention than other features that surround or are close to them; can be created by a brighter color, darker value, greater size, or any other means by which a difference is expressed.
  3. A 3D, moving sculpture
  4. The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
  5. The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.

5 True/False questions

  1. economy1.) The total appearance, organization, or inventive arrangement of all the visual elements according to the principles that will develop unity in the artwork; composition. 2.) Sculpture term for the shape of a 3D work.


  2. asymmetryThe exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.


  3. tectonicThe quality of simple massiveness; 3D work lacking any significant extrusions or intrusions.


  4. proportionThe comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.


  5. interpenetrationThe positioning of planes, objects, or shapes so that they appear to pass through each other, which locks them together within a specified area of space.


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