5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- approximate symmetry
- golden section
- a Any stress or emphasis given to the elements of a composition that brings them more attention than other features that surround or are close to them; can be created by a brighter color, darker value, greater size, or any other means by which a difference is expressed.
- b The quality of simple massiveness; 3D work lacking any significant extrusions or intrusions.
- c A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
- d The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
- e The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis. The visual material on one side may resemble that on the other but is varied to prevent visual monotony.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Eye travel directed by visual pathways in a work of art; one of the principles of organization. It is guided by harmonious connections, areas of variety, the placement of visual weights, areas of dominance, choices in proportions, spatial devices, and so on.
- A design that is formed through the systematic repetition of smaller designed units over an entire surface.
- Emanating from a center
- Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
- 3D work characterized by considerable amounts of space; open, as opposed to massive (or tectonic), and often with extended appendages.
5 True/False questions
motif → A designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.
transparency → A visual quality in which a distant image or element can be seen through a nearer one.
kinetic (art) → A sense of visual oneness - an organization of the elements into a visual whole. It results from the appropriate ratio between harmony and variety (in conjunction with the other principles of organization).
Gestalt, Gestalt psychology → A traditional proportional system for visual harmony expressed when a line or area is divided into two sections so that the smaller part is to the larger as the larger is to the whole.
visual unity → Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.