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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. motif
  2. scale
  3. proportion
  4. symmetry
  5. closure
  1. a The association of size relative to a constant standard of specific unit of measure related to human dimensions.
  2. b The exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.
  3. c The comparative relationship of size between units or the parts of a whole; one of the principles of organization.
  4. d A designed unit or pattern that is repeated often enough in the total composition to make it a significant or dominant feature; similar to "theme" or "melody" in a musical composition.
  5. e A concept from Gestalt psychology in which the mind perceives an incomplete pattern or information to be a complete, unified whole; the artist provides minimum visual clues, and the observer brings them to final recognition.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The organizing process or underlying plan on which artists base their total work. In a broader sense, it may be considered synonymous with "form" and "composition."
  2. A German word for "form"; an organized whole in experience. Promoted around 1912 as a theory to explain psychological phenomena by their relationships to total forms rather than their parts. Our reaction to the whole is greater than our reaction to its individual parts, and our minds integrate and organize chaotic stimuli so that we see complete patterns and recognizable shapes.
  3. 1.) The total appearance, organization, or inventive arrangement of all the visual elements according to the principles that will develop unity in the artwork; composition. 2.) Sculpture term for the shape of a 3D work.
  4. The use of the same visual effect - and/or similar visual effects - a number of times in the same composition. It may produce the dominance of one visual idea, a feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.
  5. The arranging and/or structuring of all the art elements, according to the principles of organization, that achieves a unified whole; often used interchangeably with the term "design."

5 True/False questions

  1. movementEye travel directed by visual pathways in a work of art; one of the principles of organization. It is guided by harmonious connections, areas of variety, the placement of visual weights, areas of dominance, choices in proportions, spatial devices, and so on.

          

  2. balanceThe association of size relative to a constant standard of specific unit of measure related to human dimensions.

          

  3. varietyDifferences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualism and interest. It is an important principle of organization; the opposite of harmony.

          

  4. asymmetryThe exact duplication of appearances in mirrorlike repetition on either side of a (usually imaginary) straight-lined central axis.

          

  5. accentAny stress or emphasis given to the elements of a composition that brings them more attention than other features that surround or are close to them; can be created by a brighter color, darker value, greater size, or any other means by which a difference is expressed.