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Social movements are :

broad efforts to achieve change by citizens who feel that government is not properly responsive to their interests.

political participation

Involvement in activities intended to influence public policy and leadership, such as voting, joining political parties and interest groups, writing to elected officials, demonstrating for political causes, and giving money to political candidates.


A feeling of personal powerlessness that includes the notion that government does not care about the opinions of people like oneself.


A feeling of personal noninterest or unconcern with politics.

civic duty

The belief of an individual that civic and political participation is a responsibility of citizenship.


The practice of placing citizens' names on an official list of voters before they are eligible to exercise their right to vote.

social (political) movements

Active and sustained efforts to achieve social and political change by groups of people who feel that government has not been properly responsive to their concerns.

social capital

The sum of face-to-face interactions among citizens in a society.


The right to vote.

voter turnout

The proportion of persons of voting age who actually vote in a given election.

The poll tax

was outlawed in 1964 by the Twenty-fourth Amendment.

Which of the following statements is true?

Voter turnout is lower in the U.S. than in other democracies; voter turnout in presidential elections has averaged 55 percent since the 1960s, and has seldom exceeded 40 percent in a midterm election since 1970.

Why is voter turnout lower in the United States than in other democracies?

Americans must register to vote, cannot vote on the weekend, and the country has never had a viable socialist or labor party.

_____ has same-day registration.


What fraction of states elect their governors in non-presidential election years?


Of the following states, _____ typically has the highest voter turnout in a presidential election.


Which factors are the most accurate predictors of voter turnout?

education and income

The last time that voter turnout in midterm elections reached 50 percent was in


Citizens 18-20 years of age were granted the right to vote in


_____ holds more elections than any other nation.

The United States

MoveOn is an example of

an influential, Web-based movement.

Of the following nations, citizens in _____ are more likely to contribute money and time to election campaigns.

the United States

Barack Obama's success in raising money through the internet in 2008 followed the path blazed by which 2004 presidential contender?

Howard Dean

What is a form of unconventional political activism?

social movement and protest politics

Registration for voting began around


What phrase do scholars such as Robert Putnam use to describe the sum of the face-to-face interactions among citizens in a society?

social capital

Voter turnout among working-class white citizens dropped sharply in 1968 and 1972, largely because of the centrality of which issue?

civil rights

People who are _____ are unlikely to vote.

apathetic and alienated

Women could not vote until ________.

the 1920s with the 19th Amendment.

What women tried to vote before prior the 19th Amendment?

Susan B. Anthony

How long did African Americans have to wait to vote?

50 years after women

26th Amendment

Made in 1961 which extended voting rights to include people 18 + to vote.

How much more often do Americans vote compared to other democracies?

2-3 times more

What are the 2 different parties?

Republican and Democrat

Who said, "community involvement brings people together."

Theorist John Stuart Mill (1806-73)

In ________ farm workers protests improved conditions for migrant workers.


Robert Putman

author of Bowling Alone

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