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the messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker
(ex: facial expression, boos, applauses, body language)
anything that impedes the communication of a message. Can be external or internal to listeners
frame of reference
the sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same.
the belief that one's own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures
stealing ideas or language from 2 or 3 sources and passing them off as one's own
failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion.
the tendency of people to be concerned above all with their own values, beliefs, and well-being
demographic audience analysis
audience analysis that focuses on demographic factors such as age, gender, religion, sexual orientation, group membership, and racial, ethnic, or cultural background
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