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Art history A CP unit 3 🌺
Terms in this set (16)
What were the primary subjects in prehistoric cave paintings and why ?
The primary subjects in prehistoric cave paintings were about animals and rituals because perhaps they were ritualizing to hunt an animal.
Describe the Paleolithic period and name the locations and countries where cave paintings from this period were found.
The old Stone Age-historical period believed to have lasted from 30,000 B.C. until about 10,000 B.C. Locations : southern France and northern spain.
How did prehistoric artists give their cave paintings a three-dimensional look?
The artist filled in the lines with black or dark brown to give it a firm edge. And the Animal was filled in with different shades of reddish brown hue. That shading technique helped create the impression of a three-dimensional form.
What is a megalith?
They are large monuments created from house stone slabs, lie scattered across Europe , India , Asia, and even the Americans.
Give an example of post-and-lintel construction.
Stone henge is an example of post-and-lintel construction in which massive posts support crossbeams , or lintels.
What's was a ziggurat and what shape was its form ? Why were they built ?
A ziggurat is a stepped mountain made of brick-covered earth. The shape of its form was like a pyramid/triangle. They were built to create a monument that appeared to span the space between earthbound worshipers and their heavenly gods.
What writing instrument was used by Sumerians for cuneiform?
What made cuneiform writing very durable?
The stylus , writing instrument. When the writing was completed , the clay tablets were fired, or baked , to make them more durable.
For what accomplishment is Hammurabi famous ?
King Hammurabi owes his fame to the code he published to unify legal practices in his empire.
Where was the Ishtar gate erected and what was its purpose? Which architecture period is it the only example of ?
It was marking a procession route that curled through Babylon. It's one of the eight gateways , the royal processions passed through this gate during the Neo-Babylonian period.
Which types of building is regarded as the highest accomplishment of Persian architecture ? What is the best example?
Persian architecture found its highest accomplishment in palaces. The best example is at Persepolis in modern Iran.
Explain why the humans of the earliest times paid homage to particularly animals by placing their images on cave walls and ceilings.
It says in the book that they were probably some sort of rituals. Cave painting was limited almost entirely to the depiction of animals probably due to to prehistoric people's dependence on animals for food. Their rituals was intended to weaken it and make it easier to hunt. The hunters probably believed that, by drawing a lifelike picture of an animal , they were capturing some of that animals strength and spirit.
List ten things upon which your continued existence depends.
Describe how the fertile soil of the Nile river valley changed the way people obtained food in ancient Egypt. What caused them to settle in one place ?
People changed from food gatherers to food producers. Discovering that the wild vegetables and grains they gathered grew from seeds , they began to collect these seeds and planted them in the fertile soil of the valley. They still hunted animals but they weren't entirely dependent on the hunt for animals. They settled in one place because they didn't have to move to look for food anymore ,so they started building more permanent houses.
When did an Egyptian civilization develop along the banks of the Nile ? How long did it continue to exist?
When an increase of population was brought. Egyptian civilization emerged along the banks of the Nile more that 3,000 years before the birth of Christ.it continued to exist another 3,000 years.
What are the three major historical periods of ancient Egypt ? What is a dynasty ?
Three periods: the old kingdom , the Middle Kingdom , and the new kingdom, or empire. A dynasty was a period during which a single family provided a succession of rulers.
For whom and why were the pyramids built ?
The most impressive tombs were built for the pharaohs. Each pyramid was built to house and protect the body of the pharaoh and the treasures he would take with him from this world to the next.