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History: Interiors (Ancient, Italian, French)
Terms in this set (185)
Part of an Egyptian house: Roofed gallery
Part of an Egyptian house: Roofed porch upheld by column
Plan of an Egyptian house.
Most common of Egyptian furniture
Invented the collapsible stool
Material made from powdered quartz covered with a true vitreous coating, usually in a transparent blue or green isotropic glass
Housed the compluvium and impluvium in an ancient Greek home
Greek and Roman interiors: An opening to allow rainwater to collect
Greek and Roman interiors: Small recess designed to carry rainwater. Usually made of marble.
Living room in an ancient Greek house.
Dining room in an ancient Greek house
Greek throne chair for men.
Elgin marble chair
Greek foot stool
Greek chair for women with splayed saber legs.
Greek three-legged tables.
Greek reclining couch.
Roman interior: Reception room
Roman interior: Central hall of the house with a large opening in the roof.
Roman interior: Located at the end of the atrium, a sanctified area and contained the nuptial bed and the dining table. Large reception room.
Roman interior: Dining room
Roman interior: Small bed rooms
Roman interior: Rear court lined with columns around the garden where the life the family was centered.
Roman interior: The corridor which led from the main door onwards into the atrium
Roman interior: Side entrance for servants
Roman interior: Open room to the sides of the atrium.
Roman interior: Passageway from atrium to peristilium
Greek interior: A room for men
Roman interior: A room in the Roman house which surrounded the atrium, but which had its own entrance from the outside and didn't lead into the interior of the house. These little rooms hence could be used as shops.
Greek interior: Room for women
(Roman) First chair with cushion; X-shaped chair; Folding stool
(Roman) Double chair or settee
(Roman) Throne chair for men
(Roman) Chaise for women
scamnum or subselium
(Roman) Table with single column or support
(Roman) Three-legged table
(Roman) Semi-circular reclining couch for dining
(Roman) Chest or cupboard with both shelves and doors
(Roman) Half round console table
Throne Chair of Maximillian
Byzantine. Made of carved ivory panels on wooden frame. The throne itself is large with a high semi-circular back and may have held a jewelled cross or Gospel book for some of the time.
Embroidery in wool and usually tells a story of historical events.
primitive dug out type
(Romanesque) Chest hollowed out from a log
(Romanesque) Chest with a gabled, detachable lid
dome type, boarded type, high hutch
(Romanesque) Three other chest types
(Romanesque) X-shaped stool for women
chair of the estate
(Romanesque) Chair reserved for the lord and master
(Romanesque) Table which can be dismantled to make space
St. Peter's Chair
Romanesque Chair of Estate
Gothic place used for assemblies of vassals, banquets, trials and entertainment
Throne of Elia
Gothic: Entrance at one end
Gothic: Raised platform for chairs of honor
Gothic: Had 2 slab supports which were shaped on their edges, slightly splayed and joined by a wooden stretcher
Gothic: Throne chair designed by Abbot Suger
Gothic: Cupboard which stood in the bedchamber to store food and refreshment
full tester bed
Gothic: Four poster bed
Gothic: Sideboard for holding food
Gothic: Cupboard of stepped tiers for grandiose display
Moldings that project beyond the face of a panel
A medallion or coat of arms often decorating the ceiling
Small ivory inlay pattern in wood
Inlays sections of wood (at times with contrasting ivory or bone, or mother-of-pearl) within the solid stone matrix of floors and walls or of table tops and other furniture
Italian Renaissance: Marriage chest, often made in pairs
Italian Renaissance: Large cassone with back and arms to form a settee or sofa
Italian Renaissance: Sideboards surmounted by drawers intended for linen, dishes and silverware
Italian Renaissance: Armchair for men
Italian Renaissance: Light wooden chair for women. Had two trestles or splat support with stiff back.
Italian Renaissance: An x-shaped chair. Named after a monk.
Italian Renaissance: Has two transverse pairs of curved legs crossing beneath the seat and rising to support the arms and back.
Italian Renaissance: Similar to the sgabello, but had three splayed legs instead of two trestle supports.
Italian Renaissance: Bed with massive structure on a base. Has a canopy and a paneled footboard.
Italian Renaissance: Enameled earthenware pieces. Ware prepared by tin-glazing earthenware and firing it a second time.
Lost was method for metal casting. Process by which a duplicate metal sculpture (often silver, gold, brass or bronze) is cast from an original sculpture
Italian Baroque: Painted illusionist architecture
Inlaid stone panels often mounted on ebony cabinet-on-stands
Italian Rococo: Three-paneled mirror with etches or frosted glass frame.
French Renaissance: Gossip chair with trapezoidal form on four legs
French Renaissance: Italian form of double cabinet for linen or clothes
French Renaissance: Chest of drawers
French Renaissance: Storage piece for display of food or plate. Literally means "dressing the food"
French Renaissance: A variant of sgabello, covered with tapestr. Allowed one to sit almost on the floor.
Suite of rooms formally aligned with each other; An arrangement of rooms from public to private spaces, especially known during the French Baroque period.
French Baroque: A parlor or living room for conversational gathering of a select group.
French Baroque: Bed set off by curtains and columns
Literally: Someone who works with ebony
Ebeniste Du Roi
Cabinet maker entitled to accommodate the king
Andre Charles Boulle
First ebeniste du roi.
Inlaying brass into wood or tortoiseshell
Mounted gilded bronze
Inlay of wood on wood
Process of varnishing, reproduced Chinese lacquer
Imitation marble of gypsum, marble chips, coloring material and glue.
French Baroque: Large imposing chair of gilded wood
French Baroque: Upholstered chair with arms
French Baroque: Upholstered stool
commode en tambeau
French Baroque: Tambour-shaped commode
lit d ange
French Baroque: "Ange'ls bed", bed with tester but no posts
cabinet on stands
Madame de Pompadour
Louis XV's mistress and France's most outstanding patron of the arts.
Guild system for craftsmen: Maker of veneered furniture
Guild system for craftsmen: Maker of solid wood furniture
Guild system for craftsmen: Maker of metal mounts
Guild system for craftsmen: Maker of bronze chasing
Guild system for craftsmen: Lacquerer
Guild system for craftsmen: Maker of marquetry panel
Guild system for craftsmen: Gilder
Bronze figure, usually a female bust
French Regency: Armchair with pierced arm
French Regency: Lounge chair with full arms
French Regency: Lounge day bed
French Regency: Commode
French Regency: Small, two seat sofa with an exposed frame
French Regency: Completely upholstered small sofa similar to a wide seat or a wide bergere; Two-seater
French Regency: A straddle chair with an upholstered top rail
French Regency: Small chair with a concave back and cabriole legs
lit de repos
French Regency: Daybed or chaise lounge
French Regency: Two upholstered chairs put together and connected with an ottoman between
French Regency: Three seats to a single unit, with the two end seats smaller and separated by arms from the center section.
French Regency: Table fixed to a wall with its top supported by consoles or front legs
table de chevet
French Regency: Bedside table
French Regency: Dressing table with drawers that opened to reveal a mirror
French Regency: Serving table
French Regency: Small round marble-topped card table with a pierced metal gallery above a paneled frieze
table a jeu
French Regency: Game table
French Regency: Sewing table
French Regency: A table with several drawers
bureau a dos d due
French Regency: Drop leaf table with a slant top and an absence of drawers
bureau a cylinder
French Regency: Roll top desk
bureau du roi
French Regency: King's desk, a roll top desk that took nine years to finish
French Regency: A typical low chest of drawers
French Regency: A corner cupboard
French Regency: Clothing storage
French Regency: Desk with drawers hidden by the writing surface
bonheur du jour
French Regency: Small, light lady's writing desk which had a central drawer in front, tiered shelves and cupboards in the back and sometimes shelves between the legs
French Regency: Desk distinguished by its sloping fall front
French Regency: Bed with a suspended full-length tester
lit d ange
French Regency: Bed without posts but with a small canopy
French Regency: Hard paste porcelain
French Regency: Soft paste porcelain
French Regency: Toile du juoy maker
Founded a dynasty of cabinetmakers during the French Neoclassic period.
Parisian cabinetmaker who designed pieces for Marie Antoinette
Another term for the French Neoclassic period.
Gilted, carved woodwork
Over-door or over-panelling filled with paintings or mirrors
Technique involving painting on the reverse side of glass, then applying gold and silver as backing
French Neoclassic: A formally-styled settle
chauffeuse or nanny chair
French Neoclassic: Low armless chair which enabled people to get closer to the fire place
French Neoclassic: Had closed sides and a loose cushion seat, a square or gondola shaped back, or was winged. May be caned.
open back chair
French Neoclassic: Used in dining rooms, had a caned or leather seat with a lyre back.
French Neoclassic: Usually had eight round tapering legs. The back, usually rectangular or curved, often did not extend to the seat rail.
French Neoclassic: Had different versions:
- One piece
- Two equal pieces
- Two unequal pieces (Bergere + bench)
- Two bergeres and a stool
French Neoclassic: Five or six drawer commode with a brass gallery. Used only by the very wealthy.
French Neoclassic: Writing desk
French Neoclassic: Filing cabinet
secretaire a abattant
French Neoclassic: Tall writing desk, the top part resembles an armoire with a door at its base. The top is flap-fronted to provide a larger surface.
secretaire a la tronchin
French Neoclassic: Desk with a mechanical device to raise the surface
French Neoclassic: Table for card games
tric trac table
French Neoclassic: Backgammon table with a removal top
French Neoclassic: Table with two legs, with a stretcher. Either rectangular or a half moon.
French Neoclassic: Table first introduced in this period.
French Neoclassic: Still built in for some beds, some with symbols of love.
French Neoclassic: Similar to the angel bed, but with a full tester
French Neoclassic: Bed with the head and the feet in the same size
A motif; Roman bundle of rode enclosing ax, cross, sword, spade and bonnet, spear, trumpets, drums
Style associated with Napoleon Bonaparte.
Invention of the jacquard loom,
Sleigh beds first appeared
Pierre Fontaine and Charles Percier
Government architects who established the French Empire style.
French Empire: Round table with a marble top and a central leg
lit a la turque
French Empire: Bed placed horizontally against a wall
French Empire: This type of bed first appeared during this period
French Empire: Often referred to as a fainting couch, used for dining
Recamier or lit beau
French Empire: Incorporated rolled over arms and turned, tapered legs
canape de l amitie
French Empire: Upholstered settee or sofa developed in mid 19th century. Essentially two chairs pushed together and connected with a long bench in between, for lovers.
French Empire: Upholstered couch that can seat three people, three connected armchairs in a pin wheel pattern
pier glass or psyche
A glass or mirror designed to stand against a wall
Marked by furniture for the landed gentry, the middle classes and the wealthier peasants heavily influenced by Louis Quince style.
Armoire was the most important possession
Desks were status symbols
German style of the first half of the 19th century. Chiefly based on French Empire.
1815 - 1848
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