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71 terms

Ch.6 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems

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anti
against
carcin
cancerous
immun
protect
lymph
lymph
lymphangi
lymph vessel
lymphaden
lymph gland
neo, ne
new
oma
tumor
onc
tumor
phag
eat, swallow
plasm
formation
sarc
flesh
splen
spleen
tic
pertaining to
tox
poison
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
most advanced and fatal stage of an HIV infection
allergen
substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual.
anaphylaxis
severe response to an allergen
antibiotic
anti-against,bio-life & tic-pertaining to
medications that are capable of inhibiting growth, or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms
antifungal
anti-against,fung-fungus & al-pertaining to
agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi
antigen
any substance that the body regards as being and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins and transplanted tissues
antigen-antibidy reaction
involves binding antigens to antibodies
autoimmune disorder
any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune sysytem produces antibodies aginst its own tissues
bacilli
rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria. Lockjaw or Tetanus. transmitted through a cut or wound
carcinoma
carcin-cancer & oma-tumor
maligant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue
carcinoma in situ
In situ-in the place where the cancer first occurred
malignant tumor in its original postion that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues
complement
grounp of proteins that normally ciculate in the blood in an inactive form and are activated by contact with nonspecific antigens such as foreign bloos cells or bacteria
cytomegalovirus
cyt/o-cell,megal/o-large,vir-virus & us-singular noun ending
member of the herpesvirus family that cause a variety of diseases
cytotoxic drug
cyt/o-cell,tox-poison & ic-pertaining to
medication that kills or damages cells
ductal carcinoma in situ
is breast cancer at its earliest stage before tha cancer has broken through the wall of the milk duct
hemolytic
hem/o-blood & lytic-to destroy
function of destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse
herpes zoster
Shingles. acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow the underlying route of an inflamed nerve
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Hodgkin's disease. distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large, cancerous lymphocytes known as Reed Sternberg cell
human immunodeficiency virus
HIV. bloodborne infection in which the virus damages or kills the calls of the immune system
immunodeficiency disorder
occus when the immune response is weakened, reduced, absent or functioning properly
immunoglobulins
bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response
immunosuppressant
is a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response
immunotherapy
immun/o-immune & therapy-treatment
is a disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response
infectious mononucleosis
Mono. caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) This condition is characterized by fever, sore throat and elarged lymph nodes
infiltrating ductal carcinoma
starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of that duct and invades the fatty breast tissue.
interferon
family of proteins produced bt T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication
lymphadenitis
lymphaden-lymph node & itis-inflammation
Swollen glands. Inflammation of the lymph nodes
lymphadenopathy
lymphaden/o-lymph node & pathy-diease
any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes
lymphedema
lymph-lymph & edema-swelling
swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissue
lymphocytes
lymph/o-lymph & cytes-cells
white blood cells that are formrf in bone marrow as stem cells
lymphokines
are produced by the T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication
lymphoma
lymph-lymph & oma-tumor
gteneral term applied applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues
lymphoscintigraphy
diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessals
macrophage
macro-large & phage-cell that eats
is a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells
malaria
is a diease caused by a parasite that lives in certain mosquito that is transferred to humans by the biteof an infected mosquito
mammography
mammo/o-breast & graphy-producing a picture or record
radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presenceof tumors or precancerous cells
metastasis
meta-beyond & stasis-stopping
is a new cancer site that results from the spreading process
myoma
my-muscle & oma-tumor
benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
myosarcoma
myo-muscle, sarc-flesh & oma-tumor
malignant tumor dervied from muscle tissue
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
is the term used to dscribe all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma
opportunistic infection
caused by a pathogen that does not normally producean illness in healthy humans.
osteosarcoma
oste/-bone,sarc-flesh & oma-tumor
malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of the long bone, the pelvis or knee
parasite
malaria. plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism.
pathogen
microorganism that causes a disease in humans
rabies
acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans bt the bite or saliva of an infected animal
rickettsia
Rocky Mountain spotted fever. small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks and mites
rubella
German Measles. viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever, swallon glands inflamed eyes and fine pink rash
sarcoma
sarc-flesh & oma-tumor
malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, including hard tissues, soft tissues and liquid tissues
spirochetes
Lyme disease. spriral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
splenomegaly
splen/o-spleen & megaly-abnormal enlargement
abnormal enlargement o the spleen
staphylocci
clusters resembling grapes, this specis of bacteria is harmless
streptococci
strep throat. bacteria that forma chain
teletherapy
tele-distant & therapy-treatment
radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body
tetanus
caused by bacillus and is transmitted through a cut or wound
toxoplasmosis
parasite which is transmitted from animal(pets) to human by contact with contaminated POO-POO
varicella
Chickenpox. caused by a herpes veirus and highly contagious