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The Great Depression
Terms in this set (30)
The session of Congress in 1933 in which the first bills of the New Deal were passed.
Define the term: Hundred Days
The week of frantic selling of stocks, resulting in lower and lower prices, that helped lead to the Great Depression.
Define the term: Panic of 1929
FDR's program to end the Great Depression.
Define the term: New Deal
The group of veterans who set up camps in Washington, D.C., in 1932 to demand payment of their war bonuses.
Define the term: Bonus Army
Define the term: Relief
An area of the south-central U.S. that suffered from dust storms in the 1930's
Define the term: Dust Bowl
A system in which the government takes on responsibility for the economic security of its people.
Define the term: Welfare State
The 1935 act that provided a fund for retired workers, disabled workers, and families of workers who died.
Define the term: Social Security Act
Stock prices were dropping so people were trying, and trying to sale their stock before prices dropped even lower.
What factors led to the stock market crash?
Farm debt, consumer debt, more goods than buyers, and declining trade.
What were the 4 major causes of the Great Depression?
Banks would re-open after the holiday only if they were not at risk of failing.
What were the results of the "bank holiday" delcared by FDR in 1933?
Relief, Recovery, and Reforms.
What were the 3 major goals of the Hundred Days legislation?(The 3 R's)
A % of people's checks were taken out to pay for it.
How was Social Security funded?
It's to help diabled, retired workers, and worker's families who had died get money.
What was Social Security set up to do?
With the support of his wife.
How did FDR bring women and African-Americans into leadership positions in the federal government?
It made the presidency more important and more powerful.
What was the 1st major effect of the New Deal?
It greatly expanded the role of the federal government in American life.
What was the 2nd major effect of the New Deal?
It established the welfare state
What was the 3rd major effect of the New Deal?
It brought greater national attention to conservation and other enviromental concerns.
What was the 4th major effect of the New Deal?
The first African-American who beat Germany's best heavyweight boxer.
What did Jesse Owens do?
Secratary of Labor
Who was Frances Perkins?
First African-American woman to head a federal agency.
Who was Mary McLeod Bethune?
The group of black advisors appointed by FDR government positions.
What is a Black Cabinet?
They had no food, clothing, or money.
How did the Great Depression harm family's lives?
When did the Stock Market crash?
When was FDR elected President?
When did FDR launch the New Deal?
They thought there were jobs available and thought life would be better and easier.
During the Dust Bowl people moved to California, why did they do such a thing?
No, life was worst because it wasn't any better than where they had been living before and there were no jobs available.
Was life easier in Cali for people? Why or why not.
He believed thats what private charities were for.
Why didn't President Hoover help people during the Great Depression?
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