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cells energy that they get after resperation


cells use it for energy during ceelare respiration, the energy is stored in the bonds

creation of atp

cellure respiration starts in the cyto plasm but the glucose is broken down into ADT which the mitochondria breaks down even further in to ATP

muscle fuel

our bodys muscle run on ATP so our muscles have alot of it

ATP cycle

ATP is used up as high energy the waste is ADP which is low energy, the mitochondria uptakes both of them and then uses glucose to reatch the ADP to the ATP


glycerol bonded to 3 fatty acids, long term energy storage, a key element in fat based horemones


a chain of simple sugars, fructose+glucose= sucrose


chain of amino acids

protein synthesis

proteins are bonded togeather when a chain of amino acids and some acidic group of amino acids combine realasing water

digesting proteins

all of the chains of di peptide and poly peptides must be broken down into single amino acids in order for them to pass through our digestive system

fat digstion

fats must be broken down into a glycerol and 3 fatt acids

carb digestion

starches are broken down into glucose to fuel celluare respiration


the liver store excess glucose as glycogen which is released for energy when blood sugar is too low

digestive system

mouth,phyrnix, esophgus, stomach, small instentine, large intestin, rectum, the gaol is to break down food into small enough particles to pass through the small intestine walls into the blood

glands that produce digestive enzymes

salivary glands, liver, gall blatter, pancrease, stomach and intestine

small intestine digestion

most of the digestion occurs here where the molecules are put into the blood where they are flitered by the liver

salavary gland

produces amaylase

gastric glands

located in the stomach, they produce HCL and pepsin


produces amaylase, trypsin(protein), and lipase(fat)


produced in the liver, it breaks up fat


finishes off carbs by converting maltose into glucose


final digestor of proteins, leaving them as single amino acids

eating disorders

deadliest psychatric disease, 90% in women, 20% result in death

getting eating disorders

genetic, on the first chromosome

eating disorders killing

proteins cannt be digested making the heart weak ultimatly causing a heart attack

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