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26-mile race named for Greek victory over the Persians during the 1st Persian War in 490 BC (legend is that Pheidippides ran to Athens to announce victory, and dropped dead)
480 BC; 2nd Persian War battle site; 300 Spartans held off gigantic Persian army, and died bravely and famously
Harsh; named after Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense
Traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character to make a point or teach a lesson
In ancient Greece, play that mocked people or social customs to make a point or teach a lesson
Empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC
Political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can vote or elect people to represent them
Set of symbols (letters) that represent the sounds of a language
(Greeks added vowels to create world's first complete one)
A time period when a civilization is at its best;
a time of prosperity and cultural growth
long, eventful, adventurous journey (derived from Homer's story of the voyage home of Odysseus after the Trojan War)
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