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29 terms

Business in Action Ch 12

STUDY
PLAY
labor relations
relationship between organized labor and management (i their role as representative of business owners)
labor unions
Organizations that represent employees in negotiations with management.
seniority
Length of tme someone has worked for his or her current employe
work rules
Common element of labor contracts specifying such things as the tasks certain employees are required to do or forbidden to do
National Labor Relations Act
Legislation passed in 1935 that established labor relations policies and procedures for most sectors of private industry; commonly known as the Wagner Act
Labor-Management Relations Act
Legislation passed in 1947 that addressed many concerns raised by business owners and shifted the balance of power again; commonly known as the Taft-Hartley Act
Labor-Management Reporting & Disclosure Act
Legislation passed in 1959 designed to ensure democratic processes and financial acocuntability within unions; commonly known as the Landrum-Griffith Act
union security
Measures that protect the union's right to represent workers
union shop
Unionized workplace in which employees are required to maintain union membership
right-to-work laws
State laws that prohibit union and agency shops
locals
Local unions that represent employees in a specific geographic area or facility
national union
Nationwide organization composed of many local unions that represent employees in specific locations
authorization cards
Cards signed by employees to indicate interest in having a union represent them
certification election
Secret-ballot election overseen by the NLRB to determine whether a union gains the right to represent a group of employees
decertification
Employees vote to take away a union's right to represent them
collective bargaining
Negotiation between union and management negotiators to forge the human resources policies that will apply to all employees covered by cotract
collective bargaining agreements (CBAs)
Contracts that result from collective bargaining
mediation
Use of an impartial third party to help resolve bargaining impasses
arbitration
Decision process in which an impartial referee listens to both sides and then makes a judgement by accepting one side's view
strike
Temporary work stoppage aimed at forcing mangement to accept union demands
boycott
Pressure action by union members and sympathizers who refuse to buy or handle the product of a target company
strikebreakers
Nonunion workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers
lockouts
Decision by management to prevent union employess from entering the workplace; used to pressure the union to accept a contract proposal
lockouts
Decision by management to prevent union employees from entering the union to accept a contract proposal
injunction
Court order that requires one side in a dispute to refrain from or engage in a particular action
unfair labor practices
Unlawful acts made by either unions or management
grievance
Formal complaint against an employer
progressive discipline
Escalating process of discipline that gives employees several opportunities to correct performance problems before being terminated
Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA)
Pending legislation that would significantly alter the union election provisions of the Wagner Act, making it easier for unions to organize groups of workers