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ATI lab values and test
Terms in this set (65)
alkaline phosphate ( liver enzyme)
The test is used to detect and monitor liver and bone disease
The test is used to identify liver disease and to distinguish between the liver and red blood cell hemolysis as the source of jaundice.
Amylase ( pancreatic enzyme)
aPTT (Partial thromboplastin Time) ( Heparin)
16-40 range; therapeutic range
1.5-2x normal range or control value of 30-40
This test is used to evaluate the possibility of coronary occlusive heart disease or liver disease.
BUN ( blood urea nitrogen)
test is to measure liver function and indirectly to assess renal function and glomerular filtration rate.
This test is used to evaluate parathyroid function and calcium metabolism.
BUN/ Creatinine ratio:
Test is used to diagnose impaired renal function. With creatinine, BUN is used to monitor individuals on dialysis.
This test by itself does not provide adequate information. However, as a part of multiphasic testing for electrolytes it can give an indication of acid base balance and hydrational status.
16-40 range ( remain < 40 Seconds) Therapeutic range for anticoagulant therapy is 1.5 -2x the normal control valve.
PT ( Prothrombin Time) ( Coumadin)
Therapeutic range for anticoagulant therapy is 1.5-2x the normal control value.
Creatinin kinase MB ( CK MB) more sensitive to myocardium
Increase 4-6 hours after MI and remains elevated for 24-72 hours ( 3 days)
This test is a renal function test used to estimate glomerular filtration rate, and follow progression of renal disease.
Preparandial ( fasting) 70-110mg/dL
HbA1c ( glycosylated hemoglobin) <6%
Fasting glucose is a test to directly measure glucose levels and is commonly used in the evaluation of diabetes.
this test is used in the evaluation of gout or recurrent unrinary claculi.
This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor fluid and electrolyte balance and therapy.
This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor electrolyte balance and is especially important for cardiac individuals.
This test is used to measure serum phosphorus. An imbalance could indicate the possibility of any number of conditions.
this test is used to assist in the detection of many diseases that affect the blood proteins as awhole or one single fraction of protein.
this test is used to evaluate renal disease and other chronic disease.
Unconjugated ( indirect) 0.2-0.8 mg.L
Conjugated ( direct) 0.1-1.0 mg.L
this test is used to evaluate liver function
Total <200 mg/dL
LDL ( bad) <100
HDL ( good) >40
This test is used to determine the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and hyperlipidemias.
Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio:
This test is used to determine the risk for coronary heart disease
this test measures alpha lipoprotein and is used to predict heart disease.
This test measures beta lipoproteins and is used to predict heart disease.
LDH ( Lactic dehydrogenase)
This test measures the intracellular enzyme LDH which, when present in the blood, can support the detection of injury or disease.
This test is used to evaluate many diease including iron deficiency anemia and hemochromatosis.
This test is used to identify the risk of developing coronary heart disease or if fat metabolism disorders are suspected.
CBC ( complete blood count with platelets and differentials)
This is a series of test of the peripheral blood which provides a variety of information about the bllod components, This series includes the following test:
Red blood cell count
Red blood cell indices
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
Red blood cell distribution
White blood cell count
Digoxin therapeutic level
GFR glomerular filtration rate
O2 Sat %
Hemoglobin ( g/dL)
RBC's ( x 106/ml)
females - 4.2-5.4
0.7-1.8; 2-3 if on warfarin (coumadin) therapy
Lipase ( pancreatic enzyme)
Oral glucose tolerance test ( postprandial)
70- 205 mg/dL
more diagnostic of hypothyroidism
Total protein ( liver enzyme)
normal < 0.2 ng/dL
Gold standard for MI
0.3- 5.0 microunits/mL
average 6.0; range 4.6-8.0
negative for glucose, RBC,WBC, Albumin, bacteria: < 1000
Arterial Blood Gases
PaO2 80-100 mm Hg
PaO2 35-45 mm Hg
HCO3 21-28 mEq/L
Sa O2 95-100%
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