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Protestant Reformation

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Protestant Reformation begins
Oct 31, 1517, the day Martin Luther posts the 95 theses on the church door in Wittenburg Germany
95 Theses
Statements made by Martin Luther about the abuses within the Catholic Church
Indulgence
Certain prayers or good deeds that serve to shorten the penances for sins that have already been forgiven.
indulgence Martin Luther most rejected
The indulgence sold to help build St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
Luther was excommunicated by
Pope Leo X
Excommunication
no longer able to receive the sacraments of the Church
What assisted Martin Luther in spreading his ideas
the printing press
What were some of Martin Luther's writings
translated the bible to German, hymns, Christmas carols, books and pamphlets
a follower of Luther
Lutheran
A religious leader in a protestant church, often married
minister
Sacraments followed by Lutherans
baptism and Eucharist
Diet of Augsburg
settled the dispute between Lutherans and Catholics in Germany, each prince or free city leader chose their religion and those under their leadership had to follow
Anabaptist
one who does not believe in infant baptism
Two types of Anabaptists
Mennonites and Amish
Calvin began
began Calvinism, followed in the Reformed Church
John Knox
a Calvinist responsible for starting the Presbyterian Church in Scotland
Double Predestination
belief that God chooses some people for heaven and some for hell and there is nothing you can do about it
Puritans
members of the Church of England, but thought it was too "catholic"
Calvinists who left the Church of England began
Presbyterian, Separatist and Congregationalist churches
Protestant Reformation
1517-1603 era in which the Catholic Church began to splinter apart due to "protests" and the formation of many Christian Churches began
Predestination
a doctrine that God determines whether our souls are saved or condemned before we are born
Zwingli
ideas are followed in the Reformed Protestant Churches, believed Eucharist is only a symbol to remind us of the last supper. Rejected more Catholic teachings than Luther.
Church of England
began by King Henry VIII
Martin Luther began his religious life as
an Augustinian friar and German priest