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A biological psychologist would be most interested in conducting research on the relationship between
neurotransmitters and depression
For you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle ____ must first relay incomining pain messages from your ankle to your spinal cord
The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
Messengers are transmitted from your spinal cord to muscles in your hands by the _____nervous system
You come home one night to find a burglar in your house. Your heart starts racing and you begin to perspire. These physical reactions are triggered by the
Sympathetic nervous system
Developmental psychologists study the physical.. cognitive.. and _____ changes throughout the human life cycle.
One of the three major concerns of developmental psychology centers around the issue of
Continuity or stages
During the course of successful prenatal development.. a human organism begins as a(n)
Zygote and finally develops into a fetus
Babies are born with several reflexes for getting food. One of these is to
Open the mouth in search of a nipple when touched on the cheek
According to Piaget.. accommodation refers to
Adjusting current schemas in order to make sense of new experiences
Which of the following represents the current order of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
Sensorimotor.. preoperational.. concrete operational.. formal operational
Olivia understands her world primarily by grasping and sucking easily available objects. Olivia is clearly in Piaget's ___stage
When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket.. he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly near the beginning of Piaget's ____ stage
If children cannot grasp the principle of conservation.. they are unable to
Recognize that the quantity of a substance remains the same despite changes in its shape
According to Piaget.. egocentrism refers to
The difficulty perceiving things from another person's point of view
Infants develop a fear of strangers at about 8 months of age because they can't assimilate unfamiliar faces into their
Instead of happily exploring the attractive toys located in the pediatricians waiting room.. little Sandra tenaciously clings to her mother's skirt. Sandra most clearly shows signs of
In a pleasant but unfamiliar setting.. infants with a secure maternal attachment are most likely to
Use their mothers as a base from which to explore the new surroundings
Which of the following factors contributes most positively to the developmental of secure attachment between human infants and their mothers?
Already at 15 months of age.. Justin strongly senses that he can rely on his father to comfort and protect him. This most clearly contributes to
The McDougals use harsh discipline on their children and demand unquestioning obedience. Psychologists are likely to characterize the McDougals as _____parents.
Parents who are demanding and yet sensitively responsive to their children are said to be
At the age of 12.. Sean is happy.. self-reliant.. and has a positive self-image. It is most likely that Sean's parents are
During adolescence.. maturation of the _____ lags behind maturation of the ____
Frontal lobe; limbic system
According to Kohlberg.. morality based on the avoidance of punishment and the attainment of concrete rewards represents ___morality
According to Kohlberg.. postconventional morality involves
Affirmation of self-defined ethical principles
Avoiding physical punishment is to _____ morality as respecting the laws of society are to ____morality
Adolescents are most likely to be influenced by their parents with respect to _____.. and they are most likely to be influenced by their peers with respect to ____
Career aspirations; clothing preferences
Most 20-year olds outperform most 70-year olds on video games due to age-related differences in
Compared with their counterparts of 40 years ago.. American men today are marrying
At and older age and American women are marrying at an older age
Psychologists who view the developmental process as a sequence of distinct stages generally believe that ____is(are) the same for everyone
The order but not the timing of the stages
Theories of human development have been most susceptible to criticism for overemphasizing..
Discrete age-linked stages
After discovering that the shadows outside his window were only the trees in the yard.. Ralph's blood pressure decreased and his heartbeat slowed. These psychical reactions were most directly regulated by his
Parasympathetic nervous system
To identify which specific brain areas are most active during a particular mental task.. researchers would be most likely to make use of a(n)
The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
The benefits of brains plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
Children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed
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