Quizzes and Kahoot for THEORIES
Terms in this set (89)
Which of the following would be an example of a behavioral technique?
Aversion therapy, Flooding, Systemic desensitization: ALL OF THE ABOVE
B.F. Skinner is associated with operant conditioning which examines reinforcement contingencies
Although sometimes used, which of the following approach is seen as not being a particularly effective method of effecting behavioral change?
Behavioral therapy has been shown to be particularly effective in counseling clients wishing to develop self awareness
Generalization is the process of generalizing a response to similar situations
any stimulus that when presented, increases the likelihood of a response
is any stimulus that when removed, increases the likelihood of a response
when reinforcement occurs on a set schedule
For those desiring long term, in depth counseling, behavioral therapy is a perfect fit
When a stimulus that is perceived to be highly noxious by the client is connected to a behavior to be changed, this is considered to be
A modern-day behavior therapist is less likely to demonstrate which of the following qualities with his/her client?
The behavior therapist of today is
Classical conditioning is also known as
occurs when a behavior increases or decreases as the result of consequences to the emission of a behavior
An unconditioned stimulus being repeatedly paired with a neutral stimulus, & then being a conditioned stimulus is
the ceasing of a behavior because it is not being reinforced is called
which of the following describes the removal of a pleasant stimulus leading to a decrease in a behavior?
modern day behavioral therapy stresses the importance of conducting a thorough assessment of the clients needs, called
functional behavioral analysis
Reinforcing a child for not going into the street by saying "Good job" and by offering a M & M is an example of
Stimulus control occurs when a stimulus is _________________ so that a new, healthier behavior can be reinforced
REBT is a psycho educational approach to counseling
Irrational thoughts can be replaced with rational ones and new ways of feeling and behaving can be adopted
Listening and the use of empathy are critical tools of the REBT therapist
An event may be distorted by a number of mechanisms which will cause us to think irrationally about an event
REBT therapists tell the client what to feel, what to do or what to think
REBT therapists will sometimes use metaphors and stories in an effort to illustrate and reinforce points
Self defeating emotions are generally responsible for irrational cognitive distortions
Believing we are _______ human beings who have the potential for rational or irrational thinking is the basis for the REBT's view of human nature
Which of the following is NOT an REBT technique?
Due to Ellis' various ________ and __________, he became an avid reader of many different philosophies and "cured himself" using a variety of self-taught methods.
Ellis seemed to have had a propensity toward handling difficult times in a ____________ and ___________ manner.
logical and rational
REBT therapists use ____________, _______________, and _______________ disputations
behavioral, cognitive, emotional
According to REBT, the use of _______________ adds unnecessary stress to an individual because it assumes that a person should, must, or ought to act in a certain manner
Through socratic dialogue or philosophical discourse, clients are ___________ to show evidence that their irrational beliefs are true.
REBT therapist tell the client what to feel, what to do or what to think
Which of the following is NOT an REBT key concept?
Cognitive schemas and core beliefs
REBT therapists will often actively encourage their clients to practice many techniques at home, essentially assigning homework
The ongoing thoughts we experience as we go through the day are called __________
Cognitive therapy is deterministic, rational, and unstructured
Cognitive distortions are the result of maladaptive behaviors
An active, ongoing process, ___________________ is critical to the cognitive therapy process as it helps the client practice what he or she has learned in the office and facilitates client movement toward managing his or her own problems
In building a strong therapeutic alliance, the cognitive therapist would probably not
be a detached, objective scientist
Whereas schemas are described as _______________, core beliefs tend to ___________________.
the master plan of the mind; lend direction to how we ultimately think
Beck has developed a number of manuals which offer cognitive strategies for clinicians who work with specific mental disorders
Automatic thoughts are often based on one or more
Cognitive therapy can be described as al but which of the following ?
Aaron and Judith Beck propose that there are three broad categories of core beliefs include
helplessness, unlovability, and worthlessness
Beck posits a ___________________ model of mental disorders which means a genetic predisposition toward certain disorders
Core beliefs are critical to the development of one's thinking processes, and suggests that it is important to focus on
The use of ________________ questioning challenges the client to think rationally about his/her situation
An active, ongoing process, ___________________ is critical to the cognitive therapy process as it helps the client practice
Some of the items J. Beck suggests for the first session include all but which of the following?
allow ample time for exploration of emotional blocks
Inventories like the Beck Depression Inventory will often be used on multiple occasions to evaluate client progress
Because it is predicted on the alleviation of identified symptoms, cognitive therapy tends to be short-term
Which of the following is NOT one of the basic needs that Glasser believes we are all born with?
Our actions and our thoughts are jointly said to include all of what we are "doing"
According to Glasser, one role of the counselor is to provide an atmosphere conducive to teaching about
internal control and choice
Reality therapy has a large body of experimental, controlled research that seems to support its efficacy
A goal of reality therapy is
C & D:
to move clients from an external to an internal control philosophy
to adopt the seven caring habits
Today, reality therapy is based on two basic needs
Individuals who use external control language tend to adopt the Seven Caring Habits
Wubbolding developed a method of training reality therapists referred to as
Which is NOT true of reality therapy?
It stresses the importance of external control language
How individuals use language is an important aspect of reality therapy. If a client says, "my partner makes me feel depressed", a reality therapist might say which of the following?
"How about you say, 'I am depressing myself'"?
Which of the following is Glasser's theory based upon?
A & B
Power's Perceptual Control Theory
Eppingham's Theoretical Choice Theory
The basis of reality therapy is
According to Glasser, each of us has a need-strength profile which is
genetically based and fixed at birth
The moment we are born, we create our _______________ which contains pictures in our mind of the people, things, and beliefs
Our total behaviors include
our actions, thinking process, our feelings, and our physiological response
Language that is blaming, critical, and threatening to others is referred to as
external control language
Narrative therapists are "objectivists"
According to the book, which techniques tend NOT to be used in narrative therapy?
Michael White's interest in post-modernism brought him in close contact with social constructionism which may be described as
how values are transmitted through language by the social milieu
The use of _________ is one of the most critical tools for the narrative therapist, as it /they may help set the tone for the direction the relationship will take
Externalizing the problem is a type of client defensiveness
A narrative therapist can help expansion of a client's problem saturated story by the therapist's ability to
two of the above are correct (show wonderment, offer respectfully curious)
Which would the narrative therapist do?
He/she would do all of the above (deconstruct the dominant story, discover one's preferred story, understand the person's narrative, help clients re-author their story)
One goal of a narrative therapist may be to help the client find aspects of one's religion or spirituality that can be examined and uplifting for a client that may have been previously ignored by the client
Narrative therapy may be described as
B and C (antideterministic and optimistic)
all of the above are suggested by post modernists
The main reason that narrative therapists often focus on social issues is because they believe:
issues of power and oppression are passed down between culture and society
An important mechanism a narrative therapist uses to deconstruct the problem-saturated narrative & create new narratives
externalizing the problem
__________________ and Michael White co-authored books and focus on children and adolescents in their work
In the typical scientific framework, truth is discovered, and in the postmodernist framework, truth is ______________
Which would the narrative therapist NOT do?
He or she would do all of the above:
deconstruct the dominant story, help clients re-author their story, understand the person's narrative
At the beginning of narrative therapy, questions are focused on which of the following:
Showing respectful curiosity, mystery, and awe over the client's concerns
Weaving together events that slowly moves a client away from the problem-saturated story is called
The main purpose of remembering, definitional ceremonies, and use of therapeutic documents is to:
acknowledge progress and reinforce change
Which is the correct order of stages in narrative therapy?
Joining, examining patterns, re-authoring, moving on
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