Chapter 14 Chem 2
Terms in this set (56)
Sour taste, stings skin, reacts with metals to produce H2 gas
Bitter taste, slippery to touch, doesn't react with metals, electrolyte
The reaction of hydronium ion and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
An ionic compound composed of the action from the base and the anion of the acid
Neutralization reactions also form a ?
Acid + base yields ?
Salt + H20
Contains only 2 different elements: H and another nonmetallic element
go over naming acids
A substance that ionizes in H2O to produce hydrogen ions
A substance that ionizes in H20 to produce hydroxide ions
Any process that results in a formation of an ion
Called ? If the compound is ionic
A hydrated proton;H2O molecule that gains a H+1 and becomes charged
Acid that completely ionizes in H2O solution
HCL, HBr, HI, HNO3, HClO4, H2SO4
Ionizes only slightly in H20 solution
Strong acids favor dissociation, so it is not in ? Like weak acids
Most ? are ionic compounds consisting of metal actions and OH-; when a base dissociates completely in water to yield OH.the solution is called ?
Bases, alkaline solution
The alkalinity of aqueous solutions depends on the concentration of ??in solution
Not all bases are ?
Any molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Bronsted Lowry Acid
Any molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Bronsted Lowry base
Acids that can donate one proton are ?
Have more than one ionziable proton
Lose their protons one ? At a time
The first ionization always produces the greatest concentration of ? and is the ? step
Ions and stronger
Lewis Acid and Base
Lewis acids do not have to contain? and Lewis base do not have?
Substance that can accept an electron pair to form a covalent bond, electron acceptor
Substance that can donate and electron pair to form a covalent bond, electron pr. Donor
A Brønsted-Lowry base (substance that can accept a H) must have a ? Of ?available (Lewis Base)
Pr of e-
Species that differs by one H ion
Conjugate acid-base pair
Particle formed when a base gains H
Particle that remains after the acid has Donated H
Bronsted Lowry acid bass reactions are ??
They involve 2 acid base pairs called ???
Conjugate acid base pairs
The extent of the reactions between a B-L acid and base depends on the relative strength of the ?? Involved
Acids and bases
The stronger the acid the ? It's conjugate base is
The stronger the base, the weaker its ??
Strong acid and strong base always found on same side of ?
The protons transfer reactions favor the production of the ? Acid and base
For a reaction to approach completion the R must be much stronger than the ?
Any species that can act as either an acid or a base
Whether it acts as an acid or a base depends on the ? of the acid or base it is reacting with
Molecular compounds containing ? (hydroxyl Group) can be acidic or amphoteric
The hydroxyl group is ?? Instead of ironically bonded to another atom
The acidic H already has a slight ?charge while it is still part of a molecule
Only the H in a very ?bond is ionizable. H will be joined to a very ? element
H bonded to C atoms are not ? hydrogens
Organic acids, most are weak, contain the COOH group called ? Which can donate the H atom
Carboxylic acids, Carboxyl Group
Can dissolve in atmospheric water to produce acidic solutions
They can fall in the form of ??
Rain or snow
?? neutralizes calcium carbonate in marble structures and causes them to deteriorate
The most commonly produced industrial acid in the world. Used in petroleum refining, metallurgy, and the manufacture of fertilizer. Also used in car batteries
Volatile, unstable liquid. Dissolving isn't water makes it more stable. Has a suffocating odor, stains skin, and serious burns, used in making explosives, rubber, plastics, dyes, and pharmaceuticals
Used for fertilizers and animal feed. Diluted is used as a flavoring agent in beverages and as cleaning agent. Important in manufacturing detergents and ceramics
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