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Terms in this set (452)
in recent years, there has been growing interest in the relationship between equality and personal achievement.
Some people believe that individuals can achieve more in egalitarian(ɪ,gælɪ'te ə rɪ ən)
egalitarian(ɪ,gælɪ'te ə rɪ ən)
a egalitarian society-egalitarianism
Others believe that high levels of personal achievement are possible only if individuals are free to succeed or fail according to their individual merits.
what is your view of the relationship between equality and personal success ?
In my opinion, an egalitarian society is one in which everyone has the same rights and the same opportunities.
I completely agree that people can achieve more in this kind of society.
Education in an important factor with regard(/rɪ'gɑːd)to personal success(sək'ses) in life.
I believe that all children should have access ('ækses)to free schooling ,
and higher education should be either free or affordable for all those who chose(tʃəʊz) to pursue (/pə'sjuː)a university degree.
General knowledge-Essential (ɪ'senʃ(ə)l)knowledge
In a society without free schooling or affordable higher education, only children and young adults from weathier families would have access to the best learning opportunities,
and they would therefore (/'ðeəfɔː)be better prepared for the job market.
This kind of inequality would ensure the success of some but harm the prospects of others.
ensure (ɪn'ʃɔː)vt. 保证，确保；使安全
prospect ('prɒspekt) n. 景象, 景色
vi. 勘探; 勘察
I would argue that equal rights and opportunities are not in conflict with people's freedom to succeed (/sək'siːd) or fail.
In other words, equality does not mean that people lose their motivation to succeed, or that they are not allowed to fail.
on the contrary, I believe that most people would feel more motivated to work hard and reach their potential if they thought that they lived in a fair society.
contrary('kɒntrərɪ) adj. 相反的, 相违的
n. 相反, 反面, 对立面
potential adj. 潜在的, 有可能的
n. 潜力, 潜势, 可能性
Those who did not make the same effort would know that they had wasted their opportunity.
Inequality, on the other hand, would be more likely to demotivate people because they would know that the odds of success were stacked in favour of those from privileged ('prɪvəlɪdʒd)backgrounds.
demotivate (di'motɪvet) v. 使失去动力
odds(/ɒdz) n. 不平等；几率；胜算；差别
stack (stæk)n. 堆；堆叠
in favour of 支持，赞成
In conclusion, it seems(/siːm) to me that there is a positive relationship between equality and personal success.
blot out (/blɒt)
when can i blot out the memory of a person
vi. 吸墨水；弄上墨渍或污渍 She put on her lipstick and then carefully blotted her lips with a tissue.
n. 污点，污渍；墨水渍 an ink blot
urbanization (,ə:bənai'zeiʃən, -ni'z-)
adj. 俯卧的；拜倒的；降伏的；沮丧的 She lay there prostrate, exhausted after a long day's work.
prostrate with fear
vi. 渴望，向往；思念，想念；怀念；同情，怜悯 Vivian yearns to earn enough money from her job as a doctor's assistant for her to become independent.
when will i be released from torment in love
He faced his illness bravely and without any hint of self-pity.
She was very tired and started to lose her lovely hair - but she was never self-pitying.
self-pitying adj. 自怜的；自哀的, 自怨自艾的
n. 积分；部分；完整 He's an integral part of the team and we can't do without him.
Bars and terrace cafés are integral to the social life of the city.
trickle down : If liquid trickles somewhere, it flows slowly and without force in a thin line:
Blood trickled out of the corner of his mouth.
Oil was trickling from a tiny hole in the tank.
diverse [dai'və:s, di-]
v. 使倾斜（slant 的过去式和过去分词）
Media coverage: 媒体报道
[ 复数 respondents ]
n. 可信性；确实性 A mistake like that will do his credibility a lot of harm.
The result of the vote poses a serious challenge to the government's credibility.
for most of history, it was extremely difficult to come by information about what was happening anywhere else. And you probably didn't mind.
torrent ['tɔrənt, 'tɔ:-]
we're one of the first generations to have to deal with the torrent of information about things very far removed from our own lives.
making someone look or seem better or more attractive than usual:
a flattering photograph
That suit is very flattering.
He's always making flattering remarks.
vt. 向...奉承; 阿谀
给以愉快的感觉 I knew he was only flattering me because he wanted to borrow some money.
adj. 腼腆的；忸怩作态的；怕羞的 vi. [古]忸怩作态 vt. 爱抚
intentionally keeping something secret:
She's very coy about her age.
(especially of women) being or pretending to be shy, or like a child:
She gave me a coy look from under her schoolgirl's fringe.
She smiled coyly.
Trying To Be Coy: 努力成为腼腆
I'm not trying to be coy about my achievements or something like that
minuscule ['minəskju:l, mi'nʌs-]
adj. 极小的；（字母）小写；微不足道的（非正式）Salaries are a minuscule part of the budget.
n. 小写字体；小写字母 All she gave him to eat was two minuscule pieces of toast.
[ 复数 narratives ]
and that it would hence often be wiser to hear the story in chapters rather than snatched sentences.
v. 发泄；（使）爆发；放开，解除束缚 At worst, nuclear war could be unleashed.
草拟，起草；停住；使靠近I've drawn up a list of candidates that I'd like to interview.
to move a chair near to someone or something:
Draw up a chair, and I'll tell you all about it.
draw up a budget/contract/list
draw up a contract
to prepare a contract
adj. 庄严的；宏伟的 The majestic Montana scenery will leave you breathless.
n. [电] 导管；沟渠；导水管
[ 复数 conduits ]
When will the incidental deposit/charge be returned to my card?
n. [金融] 保证人 You must have a guarantor in order to get a visa to enter the country.
adv. 悲伤地；不幸地；使人痛苦地 Medical resources were woefully inadequate during the emergency.
The staff was woefully underpaid and thoroughly demoralized.
Usually the liquid is extracted by distillation.
The oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons that can be separated into various distillations.
Curation of information
Gathering information pertaining(n. 与...有关系的,附属)to a specific topic.
[ 复数 civilizations ]
n. 潜伏,阴险 High blood pressure is an insidious condition which has few symptoms.
Cancer is an insidious disease.
adj. 愤世嫉俗的；冷嘲的 She has a pretty cynical view of men.
He praises my cooking but it's just a cynical ploy (n. 策略,手法) to get me to make him dinner.
• Fractured bones: 骨头打断
adj. 间歇的；断断续续的；间歇性 intermittent rain
an intermittent noise
dictator [dik'teitə, 'dikteitə]
[ 复数 dictators ]
n. 同代人, 同龄人
making you feel that something bad or evil might happen:
The ruined house had a sinister appearance.
A sinister-looking man sat in the corner of the room.
The company publishes a weekly bulletin for its employees.
an hourly news bulletin
His teachings are of great relevance to modern life.
I understand what you are saying but I don't understand the relevance to this discussion.
Framed pictures of her children were interspersed among the books in the bookcase.
Her handwritten notes were interspersed throughout the text.
vt. 在某物下挖洞或挖通道; 侵蚀...的基础
Criticism just undermines their confidence.
The game was watched by a capacity crowd/audience of 50,000 (= the place was completely full).
The last five years have seen a huge increase in the country's export capacity.
[ 复数 perceptions ]
These photographs will affect people's perceptions of war.
As A Minor Issue: 当做平常事
to put a harness on an animal or a person: He harnessed the baby into her car seat.
The dam harnesses water power (= controls and uses it) to generate electricity.
v. 治理，利用；套；驾驭；披上甲胄；将（两只动物）拴在一起 a safety harness
a baby harness
to control something, usually in order to use its power:
There is a great deal of interest in harnessing wind and waves as new sources of power.
to fight, especially in order to win something:
The children grappled for the ball.
[ 复数 dilemmas ]
The president is clearly in a dilemma about/over how to tackle the crisis.
a moral/ethical dilemma
Don't let those bullies intimidate you; just walk away from them.
outlet ['autlet, -lit]
n. 出口，排放孔；[电] 电源插座；销路；发泄的方法；批发商店
[ 复数 outlets ]
adj. 奸诈的；双重的；搞两面派的 a duplicitous traitor/spy/politician
Nothing is handed('hændɪd) to you on a silver platter(/'plætə)
birds of a feather flock(/flɔk) together
flock n. 群；棉束（等于floc）
Another thing is that humans are social creatures, and even nerds with IQ of 170 long for human interaction and human companionship
[ 复数 endowments ]
They grew up without money. No role model. No doting parent, good school, positive peers.
That's the uphill battle to success. And when you reach the top, and people tell you that "you are a genius", you will know that geniuses are not born. They are made...
Make your own way. Beat the odds. Find your inner strength. FIGHT!
uphill battle 艰苦的斗争
Charismatic lead actors
Stories powerfully connect us to our listeners. When we share our own real-life stories or the stories of others our audiences feel that they get to know us as authentic people. We then become more likable.
likable adj. 可爱的
[ 复数 gigabytes ]
According to Paul Reber, Professor of Psychology at Northwestern University, the human brain can store an estimated 2,500,000 gigabytes.
That's equivalent to 300 years worth of TV shows.
Spans cross 3 states: 横跨3个州 （黄石横跨以下3个州)
n. 跨度, 跨径
vt. 建造跨越(某物的)桥或拱; 横跨
跨越, 穿越, 贯穿
He has the attention span of a goldfish
The hippocampus transforms short-term memories into long-term memories
hippocampus [,hipə'kæmpəs]-it's the part of the brain that allows squirrels to find their nuts
n. [有化] 乙酰胆碱
Vitamin B1 is essential to producing the brain chemical acetylcholine, which is needed for concentrating and storing memories.
folic acid ['fəulik]
An Australian study revealed that those who consumed B1 supplements and folic acid for two years improved long and short-term memory.
Being able to quickly access information—i.e. via our borderline invincible Internet—actually makes it harder to remember. The harder we work to access data, the more likely we are to remember.
invincible (ɪn'vɪnsɪb(ə)l) adj. 不可战胜的;不能征服的
The brain uses 20 percent of the body's total oxygen and energy.
Five minutes without oxygen can cause brain damage
The brain is 73 percent water. It only takes 2 percent dehydration to affect your attention and memory.
dehydration [,di:hai'dreiʃən] n. 脱水
An hour and a half of sweating can temporarily shrink the brain as much as one year of aging.
The brain generates between 12 and 25 watts of electricity—that's enough to power a low wattage light bulb!
Watts [wɔts] n. 瓦特（功率单位）-watt
wattage ['wɔtidʒ] n. 瓦特数，瓦数
=miles per hour 每小时英里数
Neurons travel 150 mph in the brain.
vt. 改进；[计] 更新；式样翻新
at odd times
An eidetic memory is the ability to remember things in exact detail, as if you can see them in your mind:
He was a brilliant student with an eidetic memory.
Eidetic memory (photographic memory)
uses visual images to recall visual information with clarity and detail
adj. 大胆的, 有冒险精神的
有勇无谋的, 冒失的, 厚颜无耻的
Audacious goals and vision.
n. [数] 无理数
We've got a very eclectic playlist today
eclectic adj. 兼收并蓄的；不拘一格的；折中的，折中主义的
They constantly attempt to find flaws and loopholes in the system.
Charismatic people ask questions that make people feel important and feel good.
Charismatic people say, "Tell me more about that." Or, "How did that make you feel?"
Dale Carnegie said it best, "You can make more friends in two months by becoming interested in other people than you can in two years by trying to get other people interested in you."
[ 复数 legacies ]
[ 复数 meritocracies ]
be an old hand at
to have a lot of experience
you have to hand it to sb
you have to admire and respect sb (for sth they have done) phải ngưỡng mộ những gì người đó đã làm
be handed to sb on a plate
có được thứ gì đó một cách dễ dàng mà không cần phải làm
bite the hand that feeds you
to act badly towards the person who is helping or has helped you
win hands down (idiom)
chiến thắng một cách dễ dàng
out of hand
1. out of control 2. If you refuse something out of hand, you refuse it completely without thinking about or discussing it:
Moving to London is certainly a possibility - I wouldn't dismiss it out of hand.
He went to see his doctor because he felt his drinking was getting out of hand.
are dealt a lousy hand
cuộc sống không may mắn
sb's hands are tied
unable to act due to restrictions
If your hands are tied, you are not free to behave in the way that you would like:
I'd like to raise people's salaries but my hands are tied.
give someone a big hand
cổ vũ ai đó bằng cách vỗ tay
give someone a hand
(also lend (someone) a hand)
to give someone help:
Could you give me a hand with these suitcases?
Marcia has taught her children to lend a hand when it comes to cleaning up after meals.
hand over the reins
trao quyền lực cho ai đó
play into someone's hands
act in such a way as unintentionally to give someone an advantage(cho ai đó lợi thế )
can't lay sb hands on it
không thể tìm được thứ gì
lay a finger on someone
(also lay a hand on someone)
to touch someone as a threat:
If you lay a finger on her, you'll live to regret it!
(làm tổn thương hoặc tấn công ai đó về mặt thân thể )
could count them on the fingers of one hand
số lượng rất ít
show their hand
Keep the names of the team secret - don't show your hand until the day of the game.
(tiết lộ bí mật )
the upper hand
If you have the upper hand, you have more power than anyone else and so have control:
After hours of fierce negotiations, the president gained/got/had the upper hand.
have someone eating out of one's hand
easily make someone do or think what you want
have (someone) eating out of the palm of (one's) hand
kiểm soát , làm chủ được ai đó
be off someone's hands
không còn chịu trách nhiệm cho ai nữa
sit on sb hands
to do nothing about a problem or a situation that needs dealing with:
Every day the crisis worsens and yet the government seems content to sit on its hands.
không làm gì về điều cần được giải quyết
put sb hand on their heart
yêu cầu ai đó nói sự thật
[ 复数 aggressions ]
It leads to fear and aggression , and hinders ('hɪndə)your creativity(ˌkriːeɪ'tɪvɪtɪ) and ability to think deeply.
The solution ? Stop consuming it altogether (adv. 全部地)
n -adj. 幸运的；侥幸的；吉祥的；带来幸运的
[ 复数 fortunates ]
n. 危险; 公害
overabundance of dopamine
schizophrenia n. <医>精神分裂症
an excessive quantity(əʊvərə'bʌndəns) n. 过多
trivial adj. 不重要的，琐碎的；琐细的
[ 复数 saturations ]
We can swallow limitless quantities of news flashes , which are bright-coloured candies for the mind
The media feeds us small bites of trivial matter that don't really concern our lives and don't require thinking.
That's why we experience almost no saturation. Unlike reading books and long magazine articles (which require thinking).
[ 复数 stabilities ]
[ 比较级 flashier 最高级 flashiest ]
Watching an airplane crash on television is going to change your attitude toward that risk, regardless of its real probability.
regardless (rɪ'gɑːdlɪs) adv. 不顾后果地
probability n. 可能性, 可能发生的事
〈数〉概率(/p rɒ bə 'bɪ lɪ tɪ)
News items are bubbles popping on the surface of a deeper world.
the more " news factoids" you digest, the less of the big picture you will understand.
n. 窒息；噎；[动力] 阻气门
[ 复数 passageways ]
v. 使迟钝，使麻木；降低......的敏感度（等于 desensitize）
believing that people cannot change the way events will happen and that events, especially bad ones, cannot be avoided:
She was fatalistic about the future.
Long journal(/'dʒɜːn(ə)l) articles and in-depth books are good.
in depth adj. 深入的，彻底的
This is something I'd like to experience much more in-depth
China turned your world upside down: 中国颠覆了你的世界观
to read the news for entertainment (entə'teɪnm(ə)nt)
đọc thông tin với mục đích giải trí
to rely on the news
dựa vào (tin vào ) các bản tin
uplifting and beneficial projects
những dự án nâng cao đời sống tinh thần và mang lại lợi ích
It's a very uplifting song
uplifting adj. 令人振奋的;使人开心的
to raise awareness (ə 'wɛ ə nis)about something
nâng cao nhận thức về vấn đề gì đó
to provide useful information
the wealth(welθ) of news
sự đa dạng phong phú của tin tức
to broadcast a program
(/'brɔːdkɑːst) phát sóng một chương trình
to target the specific audience (/'ɔːdɪəns)
hướng đến một nhóm khách hàng cố định
to consider the sheer(/ʃɪə) volume and variety of news
sheer adj. 完全的; 十足的
极薄的, 轻的, 透明的
adv. 垂直地, 陡峭地
vi. 避开, 突然转向
xem xét một lượng lớn và đa dạng của các thông tin
in light of the significant changes in s.th
trong bối cảnh của những thay đổi lớn trong
to transfer news to the public
truyền tải thông tin trong cộng đồng
accurate and reliable news
data ( những thông tin cơ bản )
phương tiện truyền thông truyền thống
the latest news bulletin (/'bʊlɪtɪn)
các bản tin mới nhất
bulletin n. 公告，公报
Instant Gratification Monkey
thrills of modern technology
sức hút mạnh của công nghệ hiện đại
thrill n. 强烈的兴奋、恐惧或快乐感
vt. & vi. (使)兴奋, (使)激动
basic human needs
những nhu cầu căn bản của con người
to escape into the imaginary worlds of something
thoát ra ngoài thế giới tưởng tượng của
to meet new demands
thoả mãn nhu cầu mới
the arrival of the audio-book
sự xuất hiện của sách nói
Promote products and services
quảng bá các sản phẩm và dịch vụ
ranging from ... to
kể từ các ...đến, liệt kê từ ...đến
be profoundly influenced by
bị ảnh hưởng sâu sắc bởi
to regulate advertising aimed at children
điều chỉnh quảng cáo
to restrict advertisements for sth
hạn chế quảng cáo về cái gì đó
to exposure to advertising
tiếp xúc với quảng cáo
modern media sources
nguồn phương tiện truyền thông hiện đại
to witness the uprisings of sth
(/'ʌpraɪzɪŋ) n. 起义, 暴动
cho thấy các cuộc nổi dậy của
a scrutinizing global audience
scrutinize vt. 仔细检查,详审(ˈskru:tnˌaɪz)
sự nghiên cứu kĩ lưỡng khán giả toàn cầu
to develop simplicity(/sɪm'plɪsɪtɪ)
sự phát triển đơn giản (tính đơn giản của )
the healthy dialogues(/'daɪəlɒg)
các cuộc đối thoại mang tính lành mạnh
to encourage integrity (/ɪn'tegrɪtɪ)
integrity n. 正直; 诚实, 诚恳
完整, 完全, 完善
khuyến khích sự liêm chính
drawbacks of this phenomenon outweigh its merits
merits n. 功绩；是非曲直；优点（merit的复数）
news on entertainment sector ('sektə)
tin tức về lĩnh vực giải trí
be beneficial to human beings
có lợi cho con người
the globalization process
(ˌɡləubəlai'zeiʃən) quá trình toàn cầu hoá
To make great inroads into
xâm nhập lớn vào
be in shaping our lives
định hình cho cuộc sống của chúng ta
the undeniable usefulness of the media
sự hữu ích ko thể phủ nhận của phương tiện truyền thông
dependence on the media
(/dɪ'pend(ə)ns) sự phụ thuộc vào các phương tiện truyền thông
the media portray sth
(/pɔː'treɪ) portray vt. 画像; 描述
phương tiện truyền thông khắc hoạ cái gì đó
the major media
phương tiện truyền thông chính
the spread of culture and lifestyle
sự lan truyền của văn hoá và lối sống
the media's enormous sway ( in this regard )
sway (sweɪ) vt. 使摇动；统治；影响
sự ảnh hương rất lớn của truyền thông (về vấn đề này )
Forms of electronic media
các dạng truyền thông điện tử
các kênh thông tin liên lạc
publication of unbiased news
(/ʌn'baɪəst) sự phát hành tin tức không thiên vị
to become epidemic (/epɪ'demɪk)
trở thành đại dịch(ám chỉ một hiện tượng gì đó lây lan theo chiều hướng tiêu cực )
deliver message to people
critical thinking in sth
tư duy phản biện trong lĩnh vực nào đó
to tend to act upon on what they saw
xu hướng hành động theo những gì họ thấy
Worrying about things you can't control.
Thinking that you are actually in control of anything
One day you will look back and see that all along you were blooming
If you want to know how rich you are, just count the number of things you have that money cannot buy.
If you are unemployed for a long time, nobody will give you value, not even ones you love.
Aesthetic looking, great physique, impressive social skills, unique career - people must have atleast one of these among four qualities, otherwise they will have zero dating life.
You know what the easiest way to spot a psychopath at a young age is?
It's all about the way they treat animals
done quickly, without taking care or interest:
His smile was perfunctory.
adj. （非正式）博士后的（等于 postdoctoral）
a kick in the pants
something that makes you improve your behavior:
He needs a good kick in the pants.
kiss sth goodbye
informal (also kiss goodbye to sth)
to accept that you have lost something or that you will not be able to have something:
If France lose this game, they can kiss their chances of winning the cup goodbye.
It makes collection easier and lessens the abominable rotten-trash smell
[ 复数 biweeklies ]
It may surprise you that this amount is only marginal compared to commercial waste
[ 比较级 scarcer 最高级 scarcest ]
year-round ['jə:'raund, 'jiə-]
Really, how many of your home towns have rivers? Year-round rivers, I mean.
People tend to build cities where rainfall is adequate
[ 复数 diameters ]
give me a break
to allow someone some time away from their work or regular activities:
I babysit every Friday to give her a break.
to stop criticizing or annoying someone, or behaving in an unpleasant way:
Give her a break - she's only a child and she didn't mean any harm.
get a life
something you say to a boring person when you want them to do more exciting things:
Don't tell me you're cleaning the house on a Saturday night? Get a life, Hannah!
(cần thay đổi và làm những điều thú vị hơn )
you've got me there! (informal)
(tôi cũng ko biết (
something that you say when you do not know the answer to a question:
"How many ounces in a kilo?" "You've got me there."
don't get me wrong
don't misunderstand me
I wouldn't trust him as far as I could throw him
I do not trust him at all
used to say that you agree, or think that something is acceptable
"I'm just annoyed with him because he's behaved so badly." "Fair enough."
I thought as much
used to say that you are not surprised by what someone has said or done:
"I came to ask you a favour." "I thought as much."
(tớ cũng nghĩ thế )
it'll (all) end in tears
something that you say that means something will end badly and the people involved will be upset:
She only met him in May and they were married by July. It'll end in tears, you'll see.
used to say that you certainly do not think that something is likely to happen:
"Perhaps they'll invite you." "Fat chance (of that)!"
(sẽ không đâu )
what is the world coming to ?
something you say that means that life is not as pleasant or safe as it was in the past:
What's the world coming to when you can't leave your house for five minutes without someone trying to break in and rob you?
do me/us a favour!
something you say in answer to a stupid and impossible suggestion:
"Why don't you tell the police what happened?" "Oh, do me a favour!"
same difference (/'dɪf(ə)r(ə)ns)
said when you agree that what you said was not exactly correct, but you think the difference is not important:
"He was driving a red car." "Actually, it was maroon." "Same difference."
there's no time like the present
If you need to do something, don't wait until later. Do it now.
that's all I/you/we need!
used when something bad has happened to make a situation that is already difficult worse:
And now it's raining - that's all I need!
(từng đó vẫn chưa đủ tệ ư )
split up with sb
stop being in a romantic relationship with sb
She split up with her boyfriend last week.
Nice Work If You Can Get It
something you say about an easy way of earning money that you would like to do if you could:
She got one million dollars for appearing on television for five minutes - (that's) nice work if you can get it!
you may well ask
( humorous (also well may you ask))
it would be very interesting to know:
How could Jonathan afford to buy a new car? You may well ask.
the plot thickens
said when a situation suddenly becomes more complicated or mysterious:
"Now there are two men calling her up all the time." "The plot thickens!"
riddance -n. 摆脱；驱逐；解除
I am happy that someone or something is gone:
Our neighbors and their nasty dogs have moved out - good riddance!
time will tell
the future will show us the answer
Time will tell whether we made the right decision.
I truly believe this.
There is time.
Even if we are busy,
we have time for what matters.
And when we focus on what matters,
we can build the lives we want
in the time we've got.
every minute I spend, is my choice.
And rather than say,"I don't have time to do x, y or z,"
she'd say, "I don't do x, y or z because it's not a priority."
"I don't have time," often means "It's not a priority."
If you think about it, that's really more accurate language.
I could tell you I don't have time to dust my blinds,
but that's not true.
If you offered to pay me $100,000 to dust my blinds,
take account of
Inspirational quotes to motivate you
vt. & vi. 用力拉; 使劲拉; 猛扯
n. 猛拉; 猛拖; 猛扯
capitalize on sth
to use a situation to your own advantage:
She capitalized on her knowledge and experience to get a better job.
[ 复数 speakeasies ]
Microbrewery has become a global craze in recent years: 精酿啤酒这几年来风靡全球
Where on earth have you been? We've been frantic with worry.
a financial/industrial conglomerate
[ 复数 uproars ]
indie ['indi] adj. (电影业)独立的
[ 复数 cruelties ]
vt. & vi. 恳求, 请求, 乞求
solicit the feedback
sustain vt. 承受, 支撑
.more important than being able to sustain conherent , confident conversation ?
from a sustainability point of view
immediate, up-to-date information
leading edge (/edʒ)
Americans tend to dress very casually in everyday life
casually adv. 随便地；偶然地；临时地 ( 'kæʒjuəli)
dress casually: 穿着随意；穿的随意；很休闲
They have retro decor
(/'retrəʊ) adj. 复古的，（服装式样等）重新流行的；仿效不久前流行风格的
abbr. 制动火箭，减速火箭 (retrorocket)
a brilliant computer geek
n. [计] 缓冲区；缓冲器，[车辆] 减震器
political buff: 政治迷
buff : a person who knows a lot about and is very interested in a particular subject:
a computer/opera/film buff
a short form of "crazy" used by some young people:
This is cray.
ad revenue (/'revənjuː)
Income generated from ad sales or the viewing of ads
revenue n. 收入, 收益; 财政收入, 税收
The New Year celebration is very romantic
Kiss your loved one when 12 o'clock strikes
strike a deal(bargain)
to make an agreement with someone in which both sides have an advantage
[ 复数 scarcities ]
n. 方法, 策略
try to drum up excitement for the brand in a very crowded marketplace
Like the rhino(/'raɪnəʊ) horn, tiger bones and organs are sought after for traditional Chinese medicines.
fear of missing out (FOMO)
social media users' fear that others are engaging in activities without them
Millions of people unknowingly ate infected beef for years.
my first instinct was Google
uptick in sth We can see some uptick in activity in the marketplace.
you don't need to cut yourself off from the world in order to flourish, as Rolf Dobelli claims- it's all about healthy moderation.
flourish(/'flʌrɪʃ) vi. 茂盛, 繁荣
sharp intake of breath
= deeply breathe
Nervous laughter is laughter evoked from an audience's expression of embarrassment, alarm, discomfort or confusion, rather than amusement.
[ 复数 immediacies ]
nugget of information
nugget n. 天然金块，矿块；（某些食物）小圆块；小块东西；珍闻，珍品；
I reckon it's going to rain.
[ + (that) ] How much do you reckon (that) it's going to cost?
"Can you fix my car today?" "I reckon not/so (= probably not/probably)."
[ 复数 uncertainties ]
the ability to focus, to persist with complexity and to consider ambiguity or uncertainty
per se [,pə:'sei, -'si:]
A well-read person ______________ knowledge of a wide range of subjects.
Within any society, there will usually be people who decide to opt out (= choose not to live the way most people do).
Employees can choose to opt out of the pension scheme.
cut down on the skim reading, and set aside time to concentrate
In his imagination, his own country is a dystopia, a drunken, unhappy, overcrowded, uncultured nightmare.
totalitarianism (təu tæ li 'tε ə ri ə ni zəm)
a political system in which those in power have complete control and do not allow anyone to oppose them:
How many people supported Soviet-style totalitarianism?
I have no apologies for what we did because we were fighting totalitarianism.
The concept of totalitarianism was used as far back as 1923 to describe Mussolini's rule in Italy.
She's a docile child and always does what she's told.
a strong personal interest in something because you could get an advantage from it:
As both a teacher and parent, she had a vested interest in seeing the school remain open.
vested interests ( plural ) (often disapproving)
people or organizations who have a financial or personal interest in a business, company, or existing system: A compromise has to be reached between all the powerful vested interests before any restoration work in the city can take place. 既得利益；特权阶级
adj. 随便的,傲慢的,蔑视的,草率的 not considering other people's feelings or safety:
That's a rather cavalier attitude.
n. 难语症；[医] 诵读困难；阅读障碍
escort ['eskɔ:t, i'skɔ:t]
a knight in shining armour : someone who saves you from a difficult or dangerous situation
[ 复数 historians ]
người duy nhất có suy nghĩ này
be in two minds
UK (US be of two minds)
Having trouble making a decision
I was in two minds whether or not to come this morning.
a world of difference
you took the words right out of my mouth
You said exactly what I meant to say before I had a chance to say it, and therefore , I agree with you very much
beg to differ
to disagree with someone; to state one's disagreement in a polite way
(tôi xin phép có ý kiến khác )
worrying about unimportant differences
I'm torn between X and Y
i'm torn (tôi cảm thấy phân vân )
singing from the same hymn sheet
saying the same things in public
- hymn : n. 赞美诗；圣歌；欢乐的歌
be on message
support the official view of the organisation
ủng hộ quan điểm
that's about the size of it
used for saying that you agree with someone's description or opinion of something( đầu đuôi câu chuyện đúng là như vậy )
to pour oil on troubled waters
to do or say something in order to make people stop arguing and become calmer:
My husband's always arguing with my father, and I'm the one who has to pour oil on troubled waters.
( hoà giải các mối bất hoà )
of the same mind / of like mind
cũng có chung ý kiến như vậy
note of discord
discord n. 不和, 纷争
các mối bất hoà
are at odds with (be at odds)
They're at odds over the funding of the project.
Her version of events was at odds with (= very different from) the police report.
The two heads of state shook hands perfunctorily for the photographers.
do something perfunctorily
làm đại khái , lấy lệ
be short for = stand for
viết tắt của
a prenuptial agreement
have a row with sb
row n. 行，排；吵闹；划船；街道
deceive sb into doing sth
deceive (/dɪ'siːv) v. 欺骗；行骗
oversleep, overslept, overslept
food hygiene('haɪdʒiːn) and safety
Refers to the public's ability to recall and recognize a brand by its logo, jingles, packaging, etc.
tịch thu hàng lậu
contraband (/'kɒntrəbænd) n. 走私,禁运品
confiscate (/'kɒnfɪskeɪt) vt. 没收, 充公
những bên liên quan
reconcile a marriage
reconcile ('rek(ə)nsaɪl) vt. 使和好; 和解
reconcile a conflic
reconcile ('rek(ə)nsaɪl) vt. 使和好; 和解
foreign reserves (/ri'zə:vz)
deposits of foreign currencies held by central banks(sự trữ ngoại tệ )
to be hearing-impaired
tỉnh - huyện -xã
thành phố -quận -phường
(/kɒmpen'seɪʃ(ə)n) n. 补偿[赔偿]物, 补偿[赔偿]金
clearance (/'klɪər(ə)ns) n. 净空, 余隙
send subliminal messages
gieo vào tiềm thức
subliminal (sə'blɪmɪn(ə)l) adj. <心>阈下的,潜意识的
a communication campaign
chiến dịch truyền thông
preventive / precautionary measures
biện pháp phòng tránh
preventive n. 预防,防止
precautionary(/prɪˈkɔ:ʃəˌneri:) adj. 预先警戒的;小心的
on a large scale
trên quy mô lớn
an outbreak of dengue fever
bùng phát dịch sốt xuất huyết
n. 全能的神 Almighty God
We must pray to the Almighty for forgiveness.
All of a sudden we heard an almighty crash from the kitchen.
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall after 20 weeks' gestation 怀孕 and before the fetus is delivered. [妇产] 胎盘早剥；胎盘早期剥离
couldn't cut the mustard('mʌstəd)
(can't cut it
(also can't cut the mustard)
couldn't deal with any difficulties or problems
If he can't cut it, then we'll get someone else to do the job.
be ahead of the game / curve
being in front of the competition
Our research and development program ensures that we're ahead of the game.
whammy n. 晦气,剧烈的打击
a situation when two unpleasant things happen at almost the same time:
Farmers have faced the double whammy of a rising dollar and falling agricultural prices.
a recipe for disaster (/'resɪpɪ) (be a recipe for disaster, trouble, success, etc.)
to be very likely to become a disaster, success, etc.:
All those children unsupervised sounds to me like a recipe for disaster.
- unsupervised adj. 无人监督的,无人管理的
go down like a lead balloon (/bə'luːn)
không được mọi người đón nhận
My joke about the alcoholic went down like a lead balloon.
on a roll
(đang trong giai đoạn thành công )
infml experiencing a period of success or good luck:
They've won nine games in a row, so they're obviously on a roll.
go down a storm
get an enthusiastic response
(nổi tiếng, được mọi người ưa chuộng )
to be built on sand
không được xây dựng , thành lập một cách vững chắc
come up/turn up trumps
to produce a good result, especially when this is not expected:
They finally came up trumps with a new product line and some healthy profits.
The bank came up trumps and he got his loan.
n. (牌戏)王牌, 将牌
<喻>王牌;有效手段 <口>好人;靠得住的人 <古><诗>喇叭,号筒;喇叭声
vt. (牌戏)出王牌赢(一牌或一墩) <古><诗>吹号公告;吹号庆祝
vi. <古><诗>吹喇叭 捏造；编造 (出乎意料地)令人满意；格外地慷慨大方(或帮忙)
a paper tiger
something, such as an enemy or foreign country, that seems very strong and dangerous but is really weak and not harmful:
The Soviet Union was suddenly revealed as a paper tiger.
doing very well:
The soccer team was riding high after winning four straight games.
win sb spurs
spur n. 马刺；鼓舞，刺激；山坡
ai đó khẳng định được rằng họ xứng đáng với vị trí đó và có các kĩ năng cần thiết
i think many people rush into marriage in the "spur of the moment without careful consideration"
hit rock bottom
Alcoholics often have to reach/hit rock bottom before they can recognize that they have a problem.
filthy rich (/'fɪlθɪ)
filthy adj. 肮脏的;污秽的
Look at this tablecloth - it's filthy!
I've never smoked - it's a filthy habit.
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