Milady Esthetics State Board Test
Terms in this set (262)
Microbe is another term for?
What is the lowest level of decontamination and infection control?
When washing your hands, how long should you scrub after lathering with soap?
An Incident Report would contain which type of information?
route of exposure, circumstances surrounding the event of exposure, source of exposure
A burn that injures the muscle and bones is considered a ____ degree burn.
Which type of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a surface?
When is it acceptable to put product that has been removed with a spatula back into the jar?
Bacteria multiply best in places that are?
Scabies is caused by?
The ______ cranial nerve is the chief motor nerve of the face.
The human body has how many bones?
The cervical nerves originate at the?
Which of these is a function of the skeletal system?
provides the shape and form for the body, protects the internal organs, blood production
Nonstriated muscles are also knows as what kind of muscles?
involuntary, visceral, smooth
How many muscles are in your face?
Massaging the _____ nerve affects the skin of the lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip, and mouth.
What is a function of the blood?
help equalize the body's temperature
The average brain weighs about?
colorless, odorless & tasteless
what is the lightest element known?
What has neither a definite size nor a definite shape?
The skin's protective barrier agains certain forms of bacteria and microorganisms is called the?
When free radicals cause an oxidation reaction they also?
produce a new free radical
solutions are usually?
If a substance is hydrophilic, it is considered?
One advantage of O/W emulsions is that they?
are easily rinsed away with water
water-in-oil emulsions usually contain?
a smaller amount of water and a greater amount of oil
The early Hebrews used myrrh in powder form to?
Which culture determined a person's beauty by how or she looked when naked?
Your career options as an esthetician include?
day spa esthetician, salon manager and makeup artist
The grooming rituals of the early Hebrew were based on the principle that?
their bodies were gifts to be cared for
What does a state licensing inspector do?
inspect salons to ensure state rules and regulation are being followed
Modesty was greatly valued during which era?
The Victorian age
You are most likely to see the word aesthetician used in which environment?
Which civilization is believed to have been the first to cultivate beauty in an extravagent fashion?
A common purpose for seeking camouflage therapy is to?
disguise the effects of an accident
What practice was common during the Renaissance?
shaving or tweezing the eyebrows and hairline
_____ is one of the mediums commonly used with lasers.
Faradic currents should be used no longer than?
A cathode is usually marked with this symbol
- (negative symbol)
Microcurrent works by mimicking the way?
the brain relays messages to the muscles
Which type of UV ray penetrates directly into the dermis and damages collagen and fibrils?
Which of these is a counter indication for electrotherapy?
epilepsy, diabetes, dilated capillaties
The process of forcing acidic substances into deeper tissues using galvanic current is called?
Sinusoidal current is generally used on which parts of the body?
face and scalp
Folacin is also knows as
Fiber is made of a carbohydrate called?
What is the number one cause of daytime fatigue?
lack of water
Increasing your fiber intake helps to improve?
A poorly balanced diet can lead to?
skin disorders, fatigue, some diseases
Which vitamin helps to diminish spider veins?
Rickets is believed to result from a deficiency of?
The best way to lose weight is to?
exercise and adopt a healthy diet
In general, you should consume the equivalent of how much sodium each day?
a little less than a teaspoon
If you are going to be outdoors, you should?
wear a moisturizer with SPF 30 protection, try to avoid exposure between 10 am and 3 pm, apply sunscreen liberally after swimming or sweating heavily
Estrogen used in hormone replacement therapy can come from?
plants or animals
The process of removing dead surface skin cells is called?
Excessive intake of alcohol does what to your body?
dilates the blood vessels
The primary cause of wrinkles is the damage and loss of?
Collagen is produces by?
What are appendages of the skin?
hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands
Each inch of skin contains about how many nerve endings?
The uppermost layer of the epidermis is the?
Sensory nerve fibers are most abundant in the?
Which type of hair responds best to laser treatments?
dark, coarse hair
What is the thread used in threading made of?
Electronic tweezer work by _____ the papilla
Hard waxes are available in?
blocks, disks,pellets, or beads
What is the "falling out" stage of hair growth?
The thick, club-shaped structure that forms the lower part of the hair root is the?
A woman growing hair on her chest is an example of?
What is the purpose of applying a prep solution to an area that is going to be waxed?
to clean and sanitize the skin
What is azulene?
an after-wax soothing product
It's important to remember that wax may stick if the skin is:
either too dry or too cold
A nodule is an example of a?
a primary lesion
Recognizing skin diseases and disorders is important for the protection of
both the technician and the client
Which of these is a common symptom of irritant contact dermatitis?
redness, swelling and scaling
Hyperhidrosis can be caused by:
heat, genetics or body weakness
Vascular lesions are?
Sebaceous hyperplasia lesions are?
are benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face
Excessive _____ in food are excreted through pores and irritate them.
What is the most common form of skin cancer?
basal cell carcinoma
How does stress affect acne?
stress can cause or worsen acne breakouts
What happens the first time a person is exposed to a new allergen?
no allergic reaction
What is a characteristic of alpha lipoic acid?
it is found in every cell in the body
Dimethicone is an example of a
A type of humectant?
Soap is not recommended as a cleanser because it:
can leave a film on the skin
Cleansing cream is used primarily to?
dissolve makeup and dirt
The main type of surfactants used in skin cleansing products are?
When choosing a product line, it's important to?
consider the quality of the ingredients
The removal of dead epidermal cells is called:
Cleansers should be used _____ as the first step in a skin care routine.
twice a day
Which type of toner usually has the lowest alcohol content?
Which UV rays are mainly absorbed by the ozone layer?
Clients with pacemakers or heart irregularities should avoid:
The T-zone is the area made up of:
the forehead, nose, and chin
For a condition such as hyperpigmentation, visible results:
can take weeks or months to appear
is prone to blemishes
Compared to UVA rays, UVB rays:
Which of these is a common skin condition seen by estheticians today?
adult acne, actinic aging from sun damage, and problems from hormonal fluctuations.
From the center of the face, if you can see the pore size change from medium to larger just outside the T-zone on the cheeks next to the nose, this is a _____ skin type.
Which type of product works best for combination skin?
What has an intrinsic effect on the skin?
What is the most noticeable symptom of telangiectasis?
Sagging skin is a sign of?
Sunburns and skin cancers are primarily caused by?
A person with keratosis has?
a rough patch of skin
What is the second step in the skin analysis process?
cleansing the skin
Solar comedones are large blackheads found where?
around the eyes
Which food is a natural source of antioxidants?
Skin is considered dry if it?
does not produce enough oil
Dehydrated skin can be caused by?
internal or external factors
On which part of the face would you perform petrissage?
When performing massage, how much pressure should you use with your hands?
an equal amount for both hands
Which type of massage involves a rubbing movement?
Percussion is another name for which type of massage?
When performing the tapping component of the facial massage, you should avoid:
What is the main purpose of a cleansing massage?
to continue the cleaning process, help remove dead surface cells, and stimulate the skin
How does the technician create movement when using vibration?
with the body and shoulders
To maintain soft skin, you should:
keep your hands exfoliated
Name the types of friction movement?
Chucking, rolling, and wringing
Where can you start a facial massage?
Massage may be started on either the chin, décolleté or forehead.
Normal healthy skin appears as which color under a Wood's lamp?
If there is argon gas in the electrode, when electricity passes through it, it may emit ____ light.
At the end of the day, you should clean the hot cabby and?
leave the door open overnight
Which type of products are used for desincrustation?
When using a steamer, at what point should you turn on the ozone switch?
After steam is visible
How long does a steam treatment ordinarily last?
consists of three oxygen atoms (O3), is created after a lightning storm, and has antiseptic qualities.
Which of these is a benefit to steaming the skin?
it softens debris
A Wood's lamp uses a filtered _____ light.
filtered black light that is used to illuminate fungi, bacterial disorders, pigmentation problems, and other skin problems.
A well-constructed and well-maintained magnifying lamp can last up to?
What are the benefits of peels?
Peels improve the barrier function, moisture retention, elastin, and collagen production. Peels also reduce fine lines, wrinkles, and pigmentation. After treatments, skin looks and feels smoother and softer.
Microdermabrasion came to the United States in?
Synthetic sources of dermal fillers include hyaluronic acid and?
You should not apply more than ___ weekly peels in a row for a client.
Peels are not recommended during the?
In the summer, the sun is stronger, so peels are not recommended during those months.
What is the average rate of cell turnover for adults in their 30s?
The average rate of cell turnover for babies is 14 days; for teenagers, 21-28 days; for adults, 28-42 days, for those 50 and older, 42-48 days.
The keratinized corneum layer is composed of approximately ____ layers.
Cellulite is a common affliction for?
women, and improving the health of the skin is a constant process.
The range of wavelengths used in light therapy are visible, infrared, and?
Skin care therapists use procedures designed to penetrate?
To succeed in a service profession, you need to?
maintain a professional appearance, be honest about the products and services you provide, and maintain a positive attitude.
To help gain control of the test situation, you should?
read content carefully and become an active studier, review tests or quizzes taken as part of your coursework, and pay attention to any tips offered by your instructors.
To help avoid liability issues, you should?
Ideally, one should have the opportunity to practice using a new product or treatment several times under direct supervision before administering it to a paying customer. This helps businesses to avoid more costly errors and avoids liability issues.
A common drawback to going to work for a small independently owned skin care clinic or day spa is that?
there are usually fewer benefits
During a job interview, the potential employer is not permitted to ask you?
your age or date of birth, race, religion, national origin, marital status, disabilities, medical conditions or health problems, and citizenship status.
On test day you should?
read all written directions carefully before you begin, save difficult questions or ones you are unsure of for last, and answer as many questions as possible.
What should you bring with you on the day of your interview?
a copy of your resume, your portfolio, ID
Which of these is an all-inclusive spa retreat that offers patrons a wide range of health, beauty, and wellness programs?
The Destination Spa is an all-inclusive spa retreat that offers patrons a wide range of health, beauty and wellness programs, such as fitness, nutrition, massage, skin care, beauty treatments, educational classes, and more.
The first step in financial planning is?
keeping track of where your money goes
If you work under a booth rental agreement, you pay?
As a booth renter you are responsible for paying all taxes associated with being self-employed, including higher social security taxes (double that of an employee). TWICE THE AMOUNT
Effective management and ______ skills are most important to good public relations.
Loan payments are an example of?
Wha is an example of retail supplies?
Items available for sale to clients are referred to as retail supplies.
To help you keep good records, it is recommended that you hire a professional accountant and a(n):
Employees should be able to find dress code information in the:
To help yourself be a good business manager, you should:
making a list of all of the functions that are necessary to operate your salon successfully.
Inventory tracking is recommended because it helps you to:
prevent shortages, avoid overstocking, and alert you to any signs of pilfering.
Your business plan should include:
a detailed explanation of how you will finance and manage your business
The average adult heart weighs about?
The ______ system is made up of a series of glands.
Which is a main bone of the neck?
The main bone of the neck is the hyoid (HY-oyd) bone, a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue and its muscles
The internal and external jugular are located in the?
The blood vessels include:
Blood vessels include arteries, capillaries, and veins.
the infraorbital artery supplies blood to the:
Muscles of the eye
Where are your phalanges?
The smallest and most fragile bones of the face are the ______ bones.
_____ receive impulses from other neurons.
In what phase of metabolism are complex compounds within the cell broken down into smaller ones?
All living things, whether plant or animal, contain?
When _____ is removed from a substance, the substance is considered reduced.
There are about ____ naturally occurring elements.
Uniform mixutres of two or more mutually mixable substances are called?
When water becomes ice, it?
undergoes a physical change
What does pH stand for?
potential hydrogen, of a substance is its relative degree of acidity or alkalinity, and is measured on a scale of 0 to 14.
When two or more atoms are joined chemically, they form a(n)?
Simple carbohydrates are commonly found in?
sweets, syrups, honey, fruits, candy, and many vegetables
Fats are a type of?
MACRONUTRIENTS are the three basic food groups: proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
How many calories are in a single gram of fat?
About how much of your diet should consist of protein?
In which type of food would you generally find linoleic acid?
corn oil,Linoleic acid is found in oils made from safflower, sunflower, corn, soybean, borage, and flaxseed.
Hypoglycemia results from a lack of?
All essential amino acids can be found in?
Proteins contain all essential amino acids.
medical conditions is caused by a virus?
Viruses cause the common cold, influenza, herpes, measles, chicken pox, smallpox, hepatitis, polio, and AIDS.
weaker than disinfectants and safe for application to the skin
When a client gets product in the eye, you should gently flush the eye with water for?
Pus is a fluid created by tissue inflammation, and contains white blood cells, bacteria, and dead cells.
Long-term exposure to formaldehyde can potentially lead to?
asthma-type symptoms, cancer, skin irritation and rash
The body fights infection by means of?
body secretions, such as perspiration and digestive juices.
he angular artery supplies blood to?
the side of the nose
The two cells that are created in mitosis are called:
Which cranial nerve is the largest?
Bone is a type of _______ tissue.
Where in the body would you find an atrium?
The "fight or flight" response is controlled by which gland(s)?
Which organ discharges bile?
The liver discharges bile.
The median nerve supplies?
the arm and hand
The ______ is the muscle that draws the scalp backward.
way in which hormones affect the skin?
acne, facial hair color and growth, and pigmentation of the skin.
An average adult body contains about ___ quarts of water.
The ______ bone forms the forehead.
Which part of the blood is primarily responsible for clotting?
here are red blood cells produced?
in red bone marrow
Which type of nerves carry impulses from the brain to the muscles?
The sternocleidomastoideus is the muscle that?
rotates the head
Blood is approximately ___ water.
Which muscle is used to pucker the lips?
How many pairs of spinal nerves extend from the spinal cord and are distributed to the muscles and skin of the trunk and limbs?
Which nerve supplies the thumb side of the arm and the back of the hand?
he difference in the three states of matter depends primarily on:
occupies space and has mass
Air generally consists of:
one part oxygen and four parts nitrogen
A _____ is a measurement of how much electric energy is being used in one second.
hich color light is used to improve acne and skin tone?
A typical wall socket designed for use with small items such as hair dryers is ____ volts.
A wall plate produces different types of electric currents called _____, which are used for facial and scalp treatments.
The goal of using microcurrent is to?
speed up the natural regenerative processes of the body
In an indirect high-frequency current application, what do you do with the tube electrode?
have the client hold it
The anode is usually what color?
Invisible rays make up about ____ of natural sunlight.
Which type of light is referred to as "combination" light?
Electricity is a form of?
Starches are also known as?
Couperose veins can be caused by?
alimentary (digestive) problems, harsh cosmetics, and heat/cold fluctuations.
Products that contain vitamin A or alpha hydroxy acids can reduce visible signs of aging by?
stimulating cell turnover
people with which natural hair color are particularly susceptible to sun damage?
Products that suppress melanin production by interrupting biochemical processes are referred to as?
The skin repairs itself through hyperproduction of cells and?
Damage to the barrier layer can cause?
many skin problems, including sensitivities, aging, and dehydration
If a client has herpes zoster, he or she has:
hat causes the dark color in a blackhead?
Skin cancer tumors form when cells:
divide rapidly and unevenly
A port wine stain:
is a birthmark
Asteatosis can be caused by:
Asteatosis is dry, scaly skin from sebum deficiency; it can be due to aging, body disorders, alkalies of harsh soaps, or cold exposure.
Ethnic skin types contain ______ than Caucasian skin types.
The Fitzpatrick Scale is used to:
measure a skin type's ability to tolerate sun exposure
The common term for sodium bicarbonate is:
What are chelating agents used for?
to preserve cosmetics
Emulsifiers are used to:
combine oil and water
Which of these guards the inside of cells and DNA?
oaps can be combined with detergents to create:
Dipotassium glycyrrhizate is more commonly known as
When categorizing facial skin care products, ampoules are generally grouped together with:
What are lipids used for?
lipids are used to improve hydration, plumpness, and smoothness of the skin.
What is the benefit of using peppermint oil?
it helps increase circulation
Free radicals are molecules that have lost?
Free radicals have lost an electron and need to steal electrons from other molecules, thereby damaging the cells from which they steal.
Polyglucans and beta-glucans are generally derived from?
yeast cells and have a natural affinity for the skin.
Which type of mask heats up after it is applied?
Collagen is a protein derived from animals or synthetically manufactured.
natural source of salicylic acid?
sweet birch, willow bark, and wintergreen
Fatty acids that have been exposed to hydrogen are called?
Pseudofolliculitis results from:
often referred to as "razor bumps," resembles folliculitis without the pus. This condition results from improper shaving techniques.
Before performing desincrustation with galvanic current, you should cover the electrode that the client will hold with:
dampened cotton gauze
What is a loupe?
a magnifying lamp
If a procedure is nonablative, it:
does not remove any tissue
Botox® is derived from a(n):
Botox® is derived from botulism type A, a bacteria.
For a peel product to be effective, it must:
acid needs to have a pH lower than the skin's pH to be effective.
Ultrasound technology in esthetics is used for product penetration and for: