United Nations Part 1
Picture definitions for UN Part 1
Terms in this set (12)
The UN was created in response to WWII after the failure of the League of Nations. The League failed because not every nation joined (including the US). It also failed to take action and did not stop Hitler and the Nazis from starting WWII.
In 1945, 50 countries met in San Francisco and drew up the UN charter. The charter is the guidelines that explains the rights and duties of each country that is part of the UN. When a nations becomes a UN member, it must accept the charter. Today the UN is comprised of 193 members.
This is Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was the US President during the Great Depression and World War II. He played a huge role in ensuring that there would be an international venue for resolving differences and came up with the name "United Nations". He wanted to ensure that the US had an active role in the organization.
In order to become a member of the UN, a state must submit an application to the Secretary General. Nine of the 15 members of the Security Council must vote in favor (provided that none of the permanent members have vetoed.) Then, two-thirds of the General Assembly must approve. South Sudan became the 193rd member of the UN in 2011.
The work of the UN is carried out by six main organs. Some of the UN's achievements include decolonization, which led to the independence of more than 80 nations. The UN also campaigns for universal immunizations and works to feed people world-wide.
The General Assembly is known as the "Parliament of Nations" and it the UN's main forum of debate. Each member of the General Assembly has one vote. Decisions on key issues are decided by a two-thirds majority. Its annual sessions are opened with a general debate, in which each member country delivers a statement about its perspectives on world events.
This is the UN Security Council. It has fifteen members, five that are permanent. The US, Britain, France, China and Russia are permanent members. Any one of the permanent members can veto a resolution. The council oversees Peacekeeping Operations.
The Economic and Social Council is responsible for the direction and coordination of economic, social, humanitarian, and cultural activities. It promotes higher standards of living, full employment and social progress. UNICEF is part of the ECOSOC and promotes and protects children's rights.
The Trusteeship Council was assigned the task of supervising the administration of trust territories as part of the process of decolonization. It helped more than 80 countries gain independence. Today, only 1.5 million people live in dependent territories and the council suspended operation in 1994.
The International Court of Justice if the main judicial body of the UN. It settles disputes submitted to it by states, not individuals. Its headquarters is in the city of the Hague in the Netherlands. The court's 15 judges are elected by the General Assembly and Security Council. In the photo, Kosovo is celebrating the 2010 ICJ ruling that their independence from Serbia did not break international law.
The Secretariat is the organ that carries out the day to day administrative work of the UN. It is led by the Secretary General, Antonio Guterres. The Secretary General proposes issues to be discussed by the General Assembly and informs the Security Council of any problems which may threaten world peace. He/she also acts as the referee in disputes between member states.
10 million soldiers lost their lives in World War I. In order to prevent another future catastrophe, Woodrow Wilson proposed the League of Nations. This was the first permanent organization (founded in 1919) with the goal of maintaining world peace. Although the League was Wilson's idea, the US did not join the organization.