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Review for Exam 4
preping for exam
Terms in this set (74)
What are the warning signs of cancer?
1.Change in bowel or bladder habits
2.A sore that does not heal
3.Unusual Bleeding or discharge
4.Thickening or Lumps
5.Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
6.Obivious change in a wart or mole
7.Nagging or persistent cought or hoarseness
8.Sudden unexplained weight loss
What are some causes of cancer?
What does ACS mean?
American Cancer Society
What is the definition of a tumor?
An abnormal growth of tissue.
What does Benign mean?
Means non-cancerous. The abnormal cells tend to stay together without spreading into surrounding tissues.
What does Malignant mean?
Means cancerous. The abnormal cells divide rapidily and invade near-by tissues
What does Metastasis mean?
The process by which cancer cells spread from thier original location in the body to a new location.
List 3 types of approaches to treating Cancer?
What does it mean by Pallative Care?
This type of care focuses on making a person confortable and dealing with the symptoms of cancer. no cure.
What does it mean by Currative Care?
When treatment is performed with the goal to cure the cancer.
What is HIV?
HIV invades a persons white blood cells. the virus destroyes the cells that are responsible for protecting the body
Why are standard precautions used when taking care of an AIDS patient?
When caring for any patient or resident and contact with blood or body, make sure you remember to put gloves on.
What is Alzheimer's Diease
It is the most common type of dementia-It is an abnormal protein deposits on the brain. Especially in parts of the brain that focused on memory. Its the fourth leading killer in the united states.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is the permanant and progressive loss of the ability to think,remeber caused by damage to the brain.
What are some symptoms of dementia?
problems with memory
difficulty putting thoughts together
problems with judgement
What is surgery?
it is a branch of medicine that involves trating diseases and diorders by entering the body and physically removing damaged organs or tissues.
What is the term Peri-Operated Phase mean?
This term is used to descibe all three phases of the surgical process as a whole.
.List the 3 phases of the Peri-Operated Phase.
Pre-operative phase-before surgery
Intra-operative phase-during surgery
Post-operative phase-after surgery
Why is it important to follow the NPO(nothing by mouth)order before surgery?
A paitent is put on NPO usually 6-8 hours before surgery. It is necessary to ensure the person stomach is empty suring and after the procedure. Common for a person to vomit with anesethia. to avoid aspiration while semi unconscious
what is the pre-operative phase?
The person is prepared physcially and emotionally
Preliminary studies studies such as EKG and bloodwork
What is the post-operative phase?
Preventions of complications.
What is P.A.C.U
Post-anesthesia Care Unit. Also know as recovery room.
What is a SCD-sequential compression device.
(Post-Operative)-A device that is applied to the calves to help prevent pooling of blood in the lower legs.
What are Anti-Embolism stockings?
Known as TED stockings. are made of a tight/fitting elastic fabric. Maybe be knee-high or thigh-high.are specially fitted for the person by a nurse or Physcial therapist.
What are Anti-Embolism stockings used for?
the elastic fabrics applies pressure,compressing the veins and helping reurn blood back to the heart.
What is a DVT?
A Deep-Vein Thrombosis=is known as a clot.
What is Professionalism?
It is Positive adititude, being commited to do the best job you can
What is Peri-Care?
Peri-Care is cleaning the perineum and anus, as well as the vulva and penis. Wash from front to back.
EEOC-Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
a goverment agency that states it is illegal for an employer to ask during the hiring process, to ask a candidate questions about weight,sexual preferance,marital status,religion and plans to ahve children.
What is Fetal-Alcohol Syndrome?
It is a birth-defect due to a mother drinking while during her pregnancy.
What are Enzymes?
substances that have the ability to break chemical bonds?
Signs of an UTI(unrinary tract infection)
Pain and burning whille urinating
In the eldery-Thier behavior becomes irratic
What is an Acute illness?
an illness with rapid onset and a relatively short recovery time-usually unexpected.
What is chronic illness?
is an illness that is on going and often needs to be controlled by continouous medication.
What is Defense Mechanisms?
The unconscious ways of dealing with stress.
What is developemental disability?
The permanant disability that effects a person before he or she reaches adult hood. that is before 19-22 years of age.It interfears with the persons ability to reach and achieve developmental milestones?
What is PPE(personal protective equiptment.
barriers that we wear to physcially prevent microbes from reaching a health care providers skin or mucous membranes.such as gloves,gowns,masks and goggles.
What is the Pharynx-
Known as the Throat region.
When cleaning up blood or bodily fluid what should you do?
Clean spills up immediatley. Wearing glove, use paper towels to soak up as much fluid as possible. Place soiled towels in a plastic bag and seal it.(Double bag it).write bio-hazzard on the outside according to your agncy policies. Then clean area with solution.
How much bleach per gallon do you use to kill microbes.
You use one cup bleach to every ten gallons of water.
What is Handwashing/
Handwashing is the single most important method of preventing the spread of infections in any type of health care setting.
How does a home health aide act during an emergency.
What is the most common type of accident that occurs in a health care setting?
Falling. should be prevented by
What should you do with equiptment after you use it?
Each time you use equiptment for measuring vitals signs,is cleaned.Also before you place it your bag it must be cleaned.
What is the Bag Technique?
the procedure used to keep your nurses bag free from contaimination. Using this techniques helps prevent the transmission ofmicrobes from one clients house to another
What is home health care?
Skilled nursing care that is given to a person in his or her home.
Who does the Home Health Team consist of?
client,clients family,the home health aide,a nurse,a doctor, and a case manager, as well as other specialists.
during which type of anesthesia is the person unconscious?
Which activity takes place before surgery?
Completion of the pre-operative checklist.
Why must person who is having surgery avoid taking food or fluids before surgery?
If the person vomits as a result of the anesthesia he or she could be at risk for aspiration.
How is aids Transmitted?
Transmitted throught bodily fluids
What is Demetia?
Is the permanent and progressive loss of the ability to think and remember. Caused by damage to the brain tissue
What are the two most common types of Demetia?
Alzheimers diease and vascular (multiinfarct).
what is validation therapy in regards to a demetia patient?
Try to understand what is real for the person with demetia, and do not try to correct the person.
What is Vascular(Multi-infarct)Demetia
Damage to the blood vessels that supply the brain can effect the delivery of oxygen to the brain tissue. mental functions are lost because mutiple areas of the brain tissue die due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients.
What is mental Health?
it is when a person is mental healthy and able to manage stress effectively.
What are coping mechanims?
Are actions that a person does delibertly to manage stress,such as going to an exercise class or engaging in a hobby.
What are defense mechanisms?
Occur when he mind attempts to restore or maintain wmotional balance in response to stress. Often occurs automaticlly without conscious effort.
What is a mental Illness?
is a disorder that affects a persons mind causing the person to act in unusual ways,experience emotional difficulties or both,
What are causes of mental illnesses?
some causes of mental illnesses may be caused by genetics, chemical imbalances in the brain, or a chemical imbalance.
how would you typically treat mental illness?
Typically treated using a combination and psychatric therapy
What is anxiety?
Is an overwhelming feeling of uneasiness dread apprehension ,worry.
What are some specific anxiety disorders?
Panic disorder, ocd panic diorder and phobias
what is bi-polar disorder?
Also called (manic-depressive)is a mental illness that causes mood swings, the persons mood varies between period of mania9extreme highs) and depressions(extreme lows)
What is a phychiatrist.
is a medical doctor trained in diagnosing and treating mental illness. Allowed to prescribes medication.
What is a Psychologist?
while not a medical doctor has education and training that allows him to provide counseling services to help people with mental illness.
What is mental retardation?
a person who has mental retardation has below average intellectual functioning and problems with adapative skills.
what are adaptive skills>
are skills needed to live and work, such as communication skills social skills, and self-care skills.
what are the organs of the urinary system?
2 kidneys,urinary bladder, the ureters, the uretha.
What are the kidneys used for?
they filter the blood to remove waste products and excess fluid.
What is a bladder?
A bladder is a holding pouch for urine?
What are the ureters used for?
They carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
What is the Urether?
The uretha carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body
What is the main function of the urinarysystem?
The main function of the urinary system is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body,The urinary system also plays a key role in homeostasis by maintaing fluid balance and regulating the Ph. of the blood.
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